Woodrow Nesbit Staff Photo
Finals Study Guide
Due Date: 5/19/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies



1. Where did the Mayan civilization develop?  _______________________________________________

2. Mayan contributions included step _____________, observatories, number system based on ____, 365-day________.

3. Mayas, Aztecs, and Incas were ___________________________________ because they worshipped many gods.

4. Mayans developed in modern-day ___________________on the _____________________________Penninsula.

5. Incas developed in ______________________ Mountains in _____________________America.

6. ______________________ was a system of exchanging goods and services for land during the Middle Ages.

7. __________________________:  existed in Europe and Japan; nobles gave fiefs (small farms) to knights for their services, and knights _________________________ the land for the nobles

8. ________________________ were fierce warriors from Scandinavia who raided towns and villages.

9. One of the main reasons for the feudal system was to ___________________________________________________.

10. KING JOHN was forced to sign the _________________________________________________.

11. The Magna Carta ___________________________________, making it where he had to follow the laws like others.

12. The Magna Carta also established the idea that ____________________________________________and the power of government should be _______________________________.

13. The _____________________________ were fought to REGAIN THE ________________________ from the Muslims.

14. Christians won the _________________ Crusade, then the _________________________ won the others and controlled the _______________________________________________.

15. The CRUSADES helped __________________ trade between Europe and Middle East.  It also weakened the ____________________ system because nobles had to sell their land (too many people died).  Serfs were set free and able to look for other jobs.

16. A Christian ________ during the Middle Ages led a simple life filled with work and prayer. They lived in _________________________________________.

17. The head of the Roman Catholic Church iswas the ______________________________.

18. The _______________________ (Bubonic Plague) spread by  _________ that bit infected rats that bit humans.

19. Because so many people in Europe died because of the Black Death, the _______________________ FELL APART.

20. _____________________________________ – most popular city-state in Italy

21. _________________________________________– focuses on human efforts and talents

22. ___________________________________ – major historical period when Europe made greatest advances in art, science, math, education

23. The Renaissance period focused more on _________________________________________.

24. ______________________________________________ means ‘REBIRTH’.

25. Johann Guttenberg invented the ______________________________________________________.

26. Botticelli, Raphael, Da Vinci (________________),, and Michelangelo (Sistine Chapel ceiling) – RENAISSANCE ________

27. _____________________– began the reformation of the Roman Catholic Church  creating the first ___________________________________denomination.

28. JOHN CALVIN – believed in _____________________ and started Calvinism (another Protestant ________________)..

29. ______________________________ – painted the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper; was the “Renaissance Genius”

30. ________________________________– painted ceiling of Sistine Chapel and sculpted statue David.

31. ____________________– pieces of paper signed by the Pope, promising forgiveness, and sold by the Catholic Church

32. __________________________________– 95 complaints against the Roman ________________________ Church; written by Martin Luther and nailed to door of church in Germany

33.  ___________________ Theses led to the SPLIT IN ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH and started ___________________.

34. The Counter Reformation was started by the ____________________________ Church.

35. The rebirth of ideas during the Renaissance came from early __________________AND ____________________.

36. European countries began exploring to FIND A _________________________________________________.

37.  AGE OF ________________________________________ – Europeans wanted silk, spices, and other goods from Asia without having to travel the Silk Road (it had become too dangerous).

38. Da Gamma, Columbus, Marco Polo, Magellan – EUROPEAN _______________________________________

39. Prince Henry of Portugal – became known as ________________________________ THE NAVIGATOR

40. ______________________________________ – sailed westward looking for shorter route to India; landed on Bahamas thinking he was in India

41/42. _________________________________– transfer of goods, technology, ideas, and diseases between ________________ and _______________________; grains were exported to Americas (increased food supply); horses were taken to Americas (increased transportation); vegetables were exported to Europe (increased variety of foods) – ALL THIS WAS POSITIVE.   The NEGATIVE exchange was the many ___________________ carried to Americas, killing many Native Americans.

43. TRIANGULAR ________________ ROUTE – exchange of goods and people from Europe, Africa, to America

44. ________________________ – early Greek astronomer who believed Earth was center of universe

45. ________________ Galileo – invented thermometer and improved telescope and clock; was tried for heresy

46. _________________________ – beliefs that go against Church teachings

47. __________________________ – buying and selling of goods

48. The collapse of the Byzantine and  _______________empires made it more difficult and expensive for Europeans to get goods from Asia on the Silk Road.  The __________ protected the Silk Road from robbers. 

49. _________________________ was the first to travel all the way around the world.

50. ___________________________ – everyday language of a group of people



Study Guide for 1st Semester Mid-term Exam
Due Date: 12/16/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

2016-17-Sixth Grade Social Studies First Semester Exam Study guide. Nesbit

1.   How did Islam spread to North Africa? Along trade routes from the Middle East/ Muslim traders.

2.        What two things brought wealth to the African kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai? gold and salt

3.        Under which Chinese dynasty did gunpowder originate in? Han Dynasty

4.        Which Byzantine emperor was responsible for organizing and simplifying old Roman law into a new code?

          Justinian Code

5.        What is Byzantine culture best known for? preserving Greek and Roman culture-                  


6.        What did the eastern portion of the Roman Empire become known as? Byzantine Empire

7.        Why did Constantinople become the center of the Byzantine Empire? Its location made it the crossroads of Europe and Asia.

8.        What type of society needed access to a variety of raw materials to survive? Hunter-gatherer (Paleolithic Era)

9.        Why were Hunter-gatherers nomadic? (why did they migrate?) to find/follow food/animals

10.     Farmers could improve the quality and quantity of food produced once they learned what? Domestication of plants and  

          animals, irrigation

11.     By forming permanent settlements, early people were able to organize their social groups. Characteristics of these social groups

         include what? some form of government, tamed livestock, permanent dwellings

12.     Where is the Indus River Civilization located? See map (b)

13.     Where is the Nile River Civilization located? See map  (c)

14.     Where is the Huang He Civilization located? See map (d) 

15.     Where is the Tigris-Euphrates River(s) Civilization located? See map (a)

16.     Who invented cuneiform? Sumerians in Mesopotamia

17.     Who invented hieroglyphics? Egypt

18.     What was the purpose of the pyramids? Which civilization perfected the building of pyramids? tombs for the pharaohs

19.     What does “specialization” mean?With an agricultural surplus, early civilizations could have different people do different things.

         Some people were in the army, some were farmers, some collected taxes, and others built of roads.  (learning a skill)

20.     What is the difference between the Paleolithic and the Neolithic eras? Paleolithic-lived in caves,hunted,gathered food, had

         fire, stone weapons. Neolithic-developed agriculture, domesticated plants, animals, permanent settlements

21.     What did the development of agriculture lead to? Specialization of jobs, development of language, government

22.     What were early economies based on? Agriculture

23.     Which development was an important contribution of Muslim culture to civilization? advances in science and medicine, math

24.     Who was the founder of Islam? Mohammad

25.     What is the name of the holy book of Islam? The Quran/Koran  What is Islam based on? The Five Pillars

26.     What is the world’s first major monotheistic religion called? Judaism (Jewish, Hebrew), Christianity branched out of Judaism

27.     What is the name of the holy book of Judaism? The Torah/Old Testament

28.     Who did Rome go to war with for control of the Mediterranean? Carthage

29.     What event signaled the end of the Roman republic and the beginning of the Roman Empire with an emperor? The

         assassination of Julius Caesar by the Roman senate

30.     Who was the first emperor of the Roman Empire? Octavian/ Augustus Caesar-when Octavian defeated Marc Antony-ended civil


31.     What development had the greatest influence on the culture of North Africa and the Middle East? Religion of Islam

32.     Early Christianity was spread through which empire? The Roman Empire-later known as The Holy Roman Empire

33.      Which Roman emperor made Christianity the MAIN religion of Rome? Constantine-for which the city of Constantinople is


34.     Which is a sacred city to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam? Jerusalem-which is in Israel

35.     What civilization is credited with being the world’s first democracy, or government in which people ruled or had a voice?

         Athens, Greece

36.     What type of democracy did the Romans create that we use in the USA today? A republic

37.     Ancient Greece was home to many great philosophers.  What philosopher taught that the way to seek truth is through a

            series of questions and answers? Socrates-who taught Plato-who taught Aristotle-who taught Macedonian conqueror-Alexander

         the Great-who spread Hellenistic/Greek culture to the places he conquered

38.     Who was the Macedonian responsible for spreading Greek/Hellenistic culture to Asia and Africa? Alexander the Great

39.     In 509 B.C. Rome set up a form of government which included a leader and a lawmaking body.  What is this type of government

            called? A republic

40.     What was the early Roman religion like? Their gods and goddess were similar to Greek gods and goddesses.

41.     What were the main reasons why the Roman Empire collapsed? Heavy, high taxes, corrupt government officials, invasions

         from Germanic and other groups

42.     What are the primary writings of classical Hinduism called? The Vedas-What is the sacred book of Islam called? The

        Quran/Koran-What is the sacred book of Judaism called? The Torah/Old Testament what are the two sacred books of Christianity

         called? The Bible-it includes the (Jewish) Old Testament and the New Testament (about teachings of Jesus)

43.     What was of the trade route that connected Chinese civilization and goods to the Roman Empire called? The Silk Road

44.     What trade made the West African kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai rich and powerful? Trading  of salt and gold

45.     Give  Examples of Chinese contributions: porcelain, wood block printing, gunpowder, fireworks,*silk,-writing is symbols,

         pictographs, paper, seismograph Give  Examples of Chinese contributions: porcelain, wood block printing, gunpowder,

         fireworks,*silk,- Used in apparel and art, silk became the staple of trade with the east and, more than any other product, was a

         symbol of ancient China. Writing is symbols, pictographs, paper, seismograph

46.     What West African city was known as a center of trade and learning in the 1300s? Timbuktu



Caste System –each caste had distinct roles in society and caste guided members in issues such

as occupation, foods eaten, and marriage.


Sumer/ Mesopotamia contributions-achievements:

Civilizations/cultures that developed here were the Sumerian, Babylonian, Phoenician; -between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

Created ziggurats-temples in center of city

Cuneiform-world’s first known writing

Hammurabi’s Code.


Ancient India

Developed in the Indus River valley (Harappan) worship Hinduism-polytheistic Hinduism and Buddhist –karma, reincarnation

 Hinduism is the world’s largest polytheistic religion with it pantheon of gods

and goddesses seen as part of a universal soul/deity known as the Brahman.

One major concept is reincarnation, a belief in a cycle of life, death, rebirth –writing was Sanskrit


Origins: Began in India and incorporated much of Hinduism in its practice. Founder(s): Siddhartha Gautama was an Indian prince raised in a lifestyle of luxury and comfort who, upon encountering the misery and suffering of the poor in the streets, began

to question the meaning of life. Gautama left his city and wandered through the land. He

became know as Buddha, “Enlightened One”.

Four Noble Truths

1. Life is full of pain and suffering.

2. Human desire causes this suffering.

3. By putting an end to desire, humans can end suffering.

4. Humans can end desire by following the Eightfold Path.

Major religions-

Judaism-first major monotheistic religion-Founder(s): Abraham is the “Father of the Hebrews.” Moses was the law-giver and author of the first books of the Torah. Yahweh (God) Hebrews/Jewish



Origins: Grew from and is an extension of Judaism – with Jesus Christ as the Messiah.

Founder(s): Jesus Christ is the originator of Christianity. Early significant leaders were

Paul, Peter, and John. Christianity was adopted as the

official religion of the Roman Empire.


Origins: Originated in the Arabian Peninsula in the city of Mecca.

Founder(s): Mohammed

Principles: Islam is the world’s third great monotheistic religion and sees itself as

fulfillment of God’s (Allah) .The Quran (Koran) contains the sacred

writings of Islam. The most important beliefs/acts are known as the Five Pillars of Islam.


Origins: China during the Zhou (Chou) Dynasty. After the end of feudalism crime was

rampant and Confucius spoke of returning to the moral standards of the ancients.

Founder(s): Kung Fu-Tzu (Confucius) 551-479 BC

Principles: It is not a religion but rather is an ethical code dealing with the moral

character of individuals, society, and government.


Origins: Grew from ancient Chinese philosophies that were merged into one basic

teaching. In some ways it grew from a reaction to the spread of Confucianism and


Founder(s): Lao-Tse

Principles: Tao (Dao) means “The Way” (or the Path) and it’s a series of philosophical

teachings that focuses on achieving balance and harmony in the universe, and in one’s