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Midterm Exam Review
Due Date: 1/10/2017
Subject: 6th Grade ELA

 

GCSD

6th Grade ELA Study Guide

Mid-Term Exam

 

Georgetown Middle School – A Title I School

ELA Department

 

 

 

 

 

Ms. Wharton, Mrs. Merritt, Mrs. Prosser, and Mrs. Condon

 

 


 

 

 

 

Explain, Understand and Define

Provide Example(s)

(RL 1) An inference is

 

 

 

 

A logical guess that is made based on facts and one’s knowledge and experience.

 

 

 

 

(RL 1) A prediction is

 

 

 

 

A logical guess based on clues from the text.

(RL-RI 1) Drawing conclusions is

 

 

 

 

To make a judgment or arrive at a belief based on evidence, experience, and reasoning.

(RI 1) An opinion is…

 

 

 

 

Someone’s thoughts or feelings.   It cannot be proven.

(SL 2) Central or Main idea is…

 

 

 

 

The most important idea about the topic.

(RL 2) Theme is…

 

 

 

The BIG IDEA!! An underlying message about life.  Meaning the author does not come right out and state the theme.

(RL 3) Exposition (Setting, Characters, and Problem) is

 

 

 

The beginning of the story.

Setting-when and where a story takes place

Characters-who is in the story

Problem-conflict in the story

(RL 3) The plot of a story is

 

 

 

 

Series of events that take place in a story.

 

 

 

(RL 3) Rising action is

 

 

 

 

The events that lead up to the climax.

Explain, Understand and Define

Provide Example(s)

(RL 3) Climax is

 

 

 

 

The turning point of the story.   The point of highest interest.

(RL 3 Falling Action is…

 

 

 

 

The events that lead to the Resolution or the problem being solved.

(RL 3 Resolution is…

 

 

 

 

The end of the story. The problem is solved.

(RL 3) Conflict is…

 

 

 

 

The problem in the story.   There are 2 types of conflict:  internal and external.

(RL 3) Internal conflict…

 

 

 

 

Conflict within yourself.

(RL 3) External conflict

 

 

 

 

Conflict with any outside force.

(RL 3) Character vs. Self is…

 

 

 

 

An internal conflict. Character must overcome his own nature or make a choice between two or more paths.

 

 

(RL 3) Character vs. Character…

 

 

 

 

External conflict. Two characters conflicting with each other.

(RL 3) Character vs. Nature…

 

 

 

External conflict. Character conflicting with anything in nature beyond their control.

Explain, Understand and Define

Provide Example(s)

(RL 3) Character vs. Society is…

 

 

 

 

External conflict. Character versus a group of people

(RL10) An anecdote is…

 

 

 

 

a short and amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person

(RI 2) To annotate means…

 

 

 

 

add notes to (a text or diagram) giving explanation or comment

(RL-RI 1) Cite text evidence…

 

 

 

Provide evidence from the text to support your claim (or answer)

(RL 3) A dynamic character is…

 

 

 

A character who changes throughout the story.

(RL 3) A static character is…

 

 

 

 

A character who stays the same throughout the story.

(RL 3) Character traits are…

 

 

 

 

Qualities shown by a character.   Traits can be physical or expressions of personality.

 

Example: physical (brown eyes)

                Personality (shy)

(RL 3) Characterization is…

 

 

 

 

The way a writer develops a character.

(RL-RI 6) Point of view refers to…

 

 

 

 

 

How a writer chooses to narrate a story. A writer’s choice of narrator affects the information readers receive.

Explain, Understand and Define

Provide Example(s)

(RL 6) First-person point of view is…

 

 

 

 

When the narrator is a character in the story and uses first person pronouns such as I, me, and we.

(RL 6) Third-person point of view is…

 

 

Omniscient-

 

 

Limited-

 

 

 

When the narrator is not a character in the story and uses pronouns such as he, she, it, and they.

 

O-Reader knows all characters thoughts, feelings, and actions.

 

L-Reader is limited to one characters thoughts, feelings, and actions.

(RL 10) The narrator of a story…

 

 

 

 

The voice that tells the story.

(RL 5; 10) Folk Tales are…

 

 

 

Stories set in the past that have been passed down from generation to generation.

(RL 5; 10) Four Types of Folk Tales:

Myth-

 

 

Legend-

 

 

Tall Tale-

 

 

Folktale-

 

 

 

Myth-a traditional story that attempts to answer basic questions about human nature, origins of the world, mysteries of nature, and social customs.

 

Legend-a story handed down from the past about a specific person, usually someone of heroic accomplishments.   Legends usually have some basis in historical fact.

 

Tall Tale-a humorously exaggerated story about impossible events, often involving the supernatural abilities of the main character.

 

Folktale-any belief or story passed on traditionally, especially one considered to be false or based on superstition.

(RI 2) A summary is…

 

 

 

 

A brief retelling of the main ideas of a piece of writing in one’s own words.

Explain, Understand and Define

Provide Example(s)

(SL 6) Context Clues are…

 

 

 

The words or phrases surrounding the word that provide hints about the word’s meaning.

(SL 6) Denotation is a word’s…

 

 

 

A word’s dictionary definition.

(SL 6) Connotation is a word’s…

 

 

 

 

A word’s connotations are the ideas and feelings associated with the word, as opposed to its dictionary definition.

(RL-RI 4)

Synonym-

 

Antonym-

 

 

A synonym is a word with the same or similar meaning of another word.

 

An antonym is a word that is the opposite meaning of another.

(L 5) Simile…

 

 

 

Is a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things using the words like or as.

(L 5) Metaphor…

 

 

 

 

Is a comparison of two things that are basically unlike but have some qualities in common. Unlike a simile, a metaphor does not contain the words like or as.

(L 5) Homonym…

 

 

 

Two or more words that have the same spelling but different meanings.

(L 5) Personification…

 

 

 

The giving of human qualities to an animal, object, or idea.

(L 5) Hyperbole…

 

 

 

An exaggerated statement or claim that is not meant to be taken literally.

(RL 5; 10) A narrative poem is…

 

 

 

A poem that tells a story.   Like fiction, a narrative poem contains characters, a setting, and a plot.

Explain, Understand and Define

Provide Example(s)

(RL 5; 10) An ode is…

 

 

 

 

A type of lyric poem that deals with serious themes, such as justice, truth, or beauty.

(RL 5) A stanza is…

 

 

 

A group of two or more lines that form a unit in a poem.

(RL 4) Tone is…

 

 

 

The tone of a literary work expresses the writer’s attitude toward his or her subject. Words such as angry, sad, and humorous can be used to describe different tones.

(L 1b) A compound sentence is…

 

 

 

 

Two simple sentences joined by the conjunctions and, or , or but.

(L 1b) A complete subject is…

 

 

 

 

 

All the words in the subject of the sentence make up the complete subject.

(L 1b) A complete predicate is…

 

 

 

 

 

All the words in the predicate make up the complete predicate.

(RI 6) Author’s purpose is…

 

 

 

 

The author’s reason for writing…to entertain, persuade, or inform.

(RL 4b) A prefix is a word…

 

 

 

 

Is a word part that is added to the front of a base word to change the meaning of that word.

Explain, Define, and Understand

Provide Example(s)

(RL 4b) 4 Prefixes that mean “not”:

 

 

 

 

un, mis, dis, and im

 

Examples: unable, unfair

                  mistake, misunderstand

                  disconnect

                  impossible

(L 1a) A pronoun in the subjective case is…

 

 

 

 

A pronoun that replaces a subject is a subjective pronoun.

 

Example: Bob Phillips hit the ball.  He hit the ball.

 

He is the subject pronoun because “He” is replacing the subject of the sentence, which is Bob Phillips.

(L 1a) A pronoun in the objective case is…

 

 

 

 

A pronoun that replaces a direct object is an objective pronoun.

 

Example: Dad knows Sue Fox.  Dad knows her.

 

Her is the objective pronoun because “Her” is replacing the direct object of the sentence, which is Sue Fox.

(RI 1-5) Supporting details are…

 

 

 

 

Words, phrases, or sentences that tell more about an important idea or topic. Their job is to support the main idea of the story.

(RI 4) Imagery -

 

 

 

 

Consists of words and phrases that appeal to a reader’s five senses. Writers use sensory details to help the reader imagine how things look, feel, smell, sound, and taste.