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Mid term Exam study guide
Due Date: 1/15/2017
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

This is the study guide for our mid-term exam-please study!

2016- 2017 7th Grade study guide:

1. What does “absolutism” mean? Leaders have absolute, unlimited power-kings/queens have unlimited and total power over their country/people

2. Who were most responsible for the capturing of African slaves from west Africa? African caboceers that were hired by the European slave traders

3. What continents were part of the Columbian Exchange, Triangular Trade-involved Europe($), North and South America, Africa*, Middle Passage

4. What does a constitution mean/do? Document that limits each of the 3 branches of government /separation of powers- (Montesquieu)-Judicial, Legislative, Executive. Who wrote the U.S. Constitution? James Madison (the oldest written constitution still used today)

5. Which Italian explorer claimed land in the “New world” for Spain? ( Christopher Columbus born in Italy-financed by Spain-1492)

6. Where were most captured Africans taken from and brought to? Western Africa (largest forced migration in history)-taken to the Americas and Caribbean to work on plantations

7. What was the primary cargo of “The Middle Passage”? African slaves (from west Africa)

8. What was traded along the Columbian Exchange/ Triangular Trade-involved Europe($), North and South America, Africa*, Middle Passage-goods, food, cattle, animals, diseases, tobacco, technology

9. Mercantilism- economic system in which nations acquire wealth by gaining bullion, raw materials, establishing colonies, new markets, people/labor to work for their mother country

10.                  Colonialism-types of colonies-Plantation (Spanish)colonies-in the south, settler colonies (English)-all down north and south east coast, trading post (French)colonies-French had the best trading relationship with Native Americans.

11.                  Cartographers-are mapmakers

12.                  Inventions that made early exploration possible: astrolabe (Europeans learned about astrolabe from Arab traders along the Silk Road),compass,rudder,lateen sail,caravel,cartographers, *Prince Henry Navigator (Portugal)

13.                  What civilization invented gun powder, compass? China

14.                  Which 3 European countries had different types of colonies in the Americas, Caribbean? England, France, Spain

15.                  Which South American country was/is dominated by the Portuguese? Brazil

16.                  Where does a democratic government gain its right to rule from?) the right to self-rule, representatives elected by the people

17.                  Which two Asian nations practiced isolationism (did not want to trade with) Europeans? China and Japan

18.                  Capitalism-economic system in which private citizens/entrepreneurs (not the government) owns and operates, invests in businesses.

19.                  Socialism-when the government owns SOME aspects of businesses, etc. (examples-schools,hospitals)

20.                  Give an example of an “absolute or unlimited” type of government: monarchy-France, Russia **Divine Right-right to rule from God

21.                  What 2 countries were united in the 1800’s? Italy and Germany

22.                  What is “nationalism”? pride/identification with others/ in one’s country based on customs, language, history

23.                  Who led the movement for Mexican Independence? Miguel Hidalgo

24.                  Who led the South American Independence movement from Spain? Simon Bolivar (military leader)

25.                  What general restored order to France and declared himself emperor? Napoleon Bonaparte

26.                  What was the fate of Louis XVI ? Executed/beheaded, later—his wife Marie Antoinette was also beheaded/(The Sun King- was Louis XIV-He built the luxurious palace of Versailles

27.                  What was the violent period of the French Revolution when thousands of people were executed called? The Reign of Terror (Led by Maximillien Robespierre-lawyer-Head of the Committee for Public Safety)

28.                  List the reasons/events that caused the French Revolution:The Third Estate of France was made up of: the Poor (who paid 100% of the taxes-unfair tax burden)*storming of the Bastille started French Revolution, high prices for food, people were starving, monarchy was wasting money, the ideas of the Enlightenment that people should be able to rule themselves

29.                  People fought the French and American Revolutions to free themselves from: the ruling of Kings (monarchies) which led to America and France becoming democracies

30.                  What is “Divine Right”? God gave kings,queens the power/authority to rule

31.                  Where did the Industrial Revolution begin? Britain/textile (cottage) industry-late 1700’s/18th Century(coal, iron, $/capital)

32. What were many results of the Industrial Revolution? Urbanization, factory system, growth of cities, assembly lines, interchangeable parts

33. Name 5 important inventions of the Industrial Revolution: Cotton gin, spinning Jenny, Flying Shuttle, seed drill, steam engine-James Watts,telegraph,telephone, (Graham-Bell, Morse, Fulton,Edison)

34. What is industrialization? Use of machines instead of people, animals to do work-The Industrial Revolution led to Imperialism(when stronger, wealthier nations took over, controlled less powerful countries)

35. Who was the general who led Parliament’s soldiers during the English Civil War and overthrew/beheaded Charles I?Oliver Cromwell; What was the Army which remained loyal to the King in the English Civil War called? Cavaliers

36. What scientist is most associated with the Law of Universal Gravitation? Isaac Newton-Francis Bacon came up with the Scientific Method

37. In 1632, The Roman Catholic Church condemned the ideas of what Italian scientist? Galilei Galileo-for stating that the Sun, not the earth, was the center of the universe; geocentric, *heliocentric

38. What crop is most associated with the start the slave trade in the Americas? Sugar-leading producer of sugar by 1600’s-Portugal

39. social contract-Rousseau-people make laws that everyone should follow for the common good of everyone.

40. What was the first European nation to explore Africa, and then began to buy slaves from the Africans? Portugal

41. What term means taxes paid on foreign goods? Tariffs (taxes on imports/exports), know the difference between imports, exports, supply and demand

42. What industry was the first to use machines? Textile/cottage

43.What term means workers doing a small part of a job over and over, rather than the entire job? Division of labor, assembly line, interchangeable parts, Eli Whitney

 

44. A) John Locke-natural rights-life, liberty, property-B)Thomas Jefferson took Locke’s ideas and incorporated them into the Declaration of Independence(pursuit of happiness)

c)Montesquieu- philosopher who came up with the idea of 3 branches of government/separation of powers

45. The belief that reason could be used to solve society’s problems was a characteristic of what movement? Enlightenment/rationalism /using reason

46. Imperialism-when nations take over regions/other countries for raw materials, markets, capital, land

47. nationalism, Giuseppe Garibaldi-guerilla warfare-Camillo Cavour-Italy, Germany-Otto von Bismarck, Wilhelm I (Prussia)-both countries united from separate regions into nations in the 1800’s

Sepoy Rebellion, scientific Revolution, imperialism, English civil war, Glorious Revolution, heliocentric vs. Geocentric, Power of the Catholic Church, heresy, European and Latin American independence movements, T’soussaint L’Overture-first successful slave revolt that actually freed Haiti from French control

PLUS/ADD-MAPS<MAPS<MAPS



mid term exam study guide with standards
Due Date: 1/15/2017
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

2014 Social Studies Mid-Term Study Guide

 

Standard 7-1: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the growth and impact of global trade on world civilizations after 1600.

 

1.       Which European countries dominated trade during the 15th century and sought to gain more wealth through forming colonies? Portugal, Spain, France, Netherlands (Dutch), England (Hint: PSFNE)

 

2.       Which Italian explorer claimed land in the “New world” for Spain?

Christopher Columbus born in Italy (financed by Spain-1492)

 

3.       Name at least 3 Inventions that made early exploration possible. Astrolabe (Europeans learned about astrolabe from Arab traders along the Silk Road), compass, rudder, lateen sail, caravel.

 

4.       Who were responsible for making more accurate maps which allowed sailors to travel to new distant lands? Cartographers-(mapmakers)

 

5.       Which 3 European countries had different types of colonies in the Americas, Caribbean (The New World)? England, France, Spain

 

6.       Explain the difference between the types of colonies established by the British, French, and Spanish.

(Spanish) –Plantation colonies-in the Florida, Caribbean, and Latin America.

(English) - Settler colonies -all down north and south east coast, trading post (13 Colonies)

(French) –Established colonies in Canada. Had the best trading relationship with Native Americans.

 

7.       What is “Mercantilism”? economic system in which nations acquire wealth by gaining bullion, raw materials, establishing colonies, new markets, people/labor to work for their mother country.

 

8.       What continents were included in the Triangular Trade?

Europe ($), Africa, and the Americas (North and South America)

 

9.       Who were most responsible for the capturing of African slaves from West Africa?

African “Caboceers” that were hired by the European slave traders.

 

10.   What was the primary cargo of “The Middle Passage”?

African slaves (from West Africa).

 

11.   In what ways did Africans fight being placed into slavery? They took over slave ships, fought Europeans in Africa, asked the pope for help.

 

12.   What policy did China and Japan follow as a result of their dislike of the Europeans? Isolationism

 

Standard 7-2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the concepts of limited and unlimited government as they functioned in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries.

 

13.   What does “absolutism” mean?

Leaders have absolute, unlimited power-kings/queens have unlimited and total power over their country/people.

 

14.   Who was the general who led Parliament’s soldiers during the English Civil War and overthrew/beheaded Charles I? Oliver Cromwell

15.   The belief that reason could be used to solve society’s problems was a characteristic of what movement? Enlightenment/rationalism (The Age of Reason)

 

16.   Which monarch was nicknamed France’s “Sun King”? Did he have limited power or unlimited? Louis XIV and he had unlimited power because he ruled France for 72 years and built a huge palace at Versailles (Over 700 rooms).

 

17.   Explain the different ideas of Enlightenment thinkers and how those ideas influenced our government.

A) John Locke-natural rights-life, liberty, property

B) Montesquieu- came up with the idea of 3 branches of government/separation of powers

C) Thomas Jefferson took Locke’s ideas and incorporated them into the Declaration of Independence (pursuit of happiness).

 

18.   What is “divine right”? The belief that monarchs got their right to rule from God.

 

19.   What does a constitution mean/do?

A constitution is a document that defines the power and limits of government

 

Standard 7-3: The student will demonstrate an understanding of independence movements that occurred throughout the world from 1770 through 1900.

 

Scientific Revolution

 

20.   In 1632, The Roman Catholic Church condemned the ideas of what Italian scientist?

Galileo Galilei -for stating that the Sun, not the earth, was the center of the universe (heliocentric)

 

French Revolution

 

21.   List the reasons/events that caused the French Revolution.

·         The Third Estate of France paid 100% of the taxes (unfair tax burden)

·         The ideas of the Enlightenment that people should be able to rule themselves

·         High prices for food, people were starving, monarchy was wasting money,

·         Storming of the Bastille started French Revolution (July 14, 1789)

 

22.   What device was used during the French Revolution/the Reign of Terror to end the lives of thousands of people? Guillotine

 

23.   What was the violent period of the French Revolution when thousands of people were executed called? The Reign of Terror (Led by Maximillien Robespierre)

 

Nationalism

 

24.   What is “nationalism”? Pride/identification with others/ in your country based on customs and culture.

 

25.   What did Bismarck say would unite the German states? “Blood and Iron”

 

Latin America

 

26.   How was Latin Americas social order arranged?

Peninsulares – “Pure” – 100% Europeans that migrated from Spain and Portugal to the New World.

Creoles – Children of Spanish and Portuguese but born in the Americas.

Mestizos; mulattos; Slaves: - (Newer generation) Europeans mixed with Africans and Native Americans

 

  1. Identify the general who led independence movements throughout South America and is nicknamed the “George Washington of South America”? Simon Bolivar

 

Industrial Revolution

 

28.   Where did the Industrial Revolution begin?

Britain/textile (woven cloth) industry

 

29.   What were many results of the Industrial Revolution?

Urbanization, factory system, growth of cities (pollution), assembly lines, interchangeable parts

 

30.   Name 5 important inventions of the Industrial Revolution: Cotton gin, spinning Jenny, Flying Shuttle, seed drill, steam engine-James Watt, telegraph, telephone, (Graham-Bell, Morse, ,Edison)

 

31.   What is industrialization? Use of machines instead of people, animals to do work.

 

32.   How did factory workers unite and try to get more pay, better working conditions, and more rights? Form labor unions and follow the teachings of Karl Marx (socialism – all society should own business and social classes should be eliminated).

 

Imperialism

 

33.   Define” Imperialism”: When nations take over regions/other countries for raw materials, markets, capital, land.

 

34.   How did different groups in Africa, Asia, and Oceania resist imperialism?

·   Africa – Zulu War (Took place in South Africa. Zulus lost territory in South Africa).

·   India (Asia) – Sepoy Rebellion (Sepoy soldiers mutinied and were blown up by British soldiers or thrown in prison).

·   China (Asia) -Boxer Rebellion – (Chinese natives formed the “Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists” to fight back against European imperialists).

 

35.   During this time period how did the U.S. and Japan expand their territory?

Japan – defeated China (Sino-Japanese War) and Russia (Russo-Japanese War)

U.S. – 1. Bought Alaska and also gained Hawaii. 2. Defeated Spain in the War of 1898 (gained Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines as new territory). 3. Constructed the Panama Canal to ease travel to Pacific.

 

Throwback Vocabulary:

 

 

Colonialism

 

 

Mercantilism

 

Absolutism

 

Enlightenment

 

Touissant L’Overture (Haiti)

 

 

Export/ Import

 

 

Oceania

 

Parliament

 

Constitution

 

Industrialism

 

Capitalism

 

 

New Spain/

New France

 

Cavaliers/ Roundheads

 

 

Geocentric/

Heliocentric

 

Socialism/

Capitalism

 

Columbian Exchange

 

 

Bullion

 

 

Glorious Revolution

 

 

Estates

 

Urbanization

 

Middle Passage

 

 

Astrolabe

 

Monarch

 

Nationalism

 

 

Imperialism



Unit 6 test on Nationalism
Due Date: 11/21/2016
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

Unit 6 “Nationalism and Latin America’s Independence” test study guide:

1. Father Miguel Hidalgo- priest/hero who led the revolution in Mexico against the Spanish. He helped win Mexico’s independence.

2. Simon Bolivar- born in Venezuela, he was the revolutionary hero who led the wars for independence from Spain in South America: (Colombia, etc)

3. Jose de San Martin-South American patriot who led the wars for independence for Argentina, Chile, and Peru.

4. Giuseppe Garibaldi- Army hero who helped unite Italy in 1861.(guerilla warfare)

5. Count Camillo Cavour-Prime minister who helped unite Italy in 1861.

6. Otto von Bismarck-Prime minister who helped unite Germany in 1871.

7. King Wilhelm I-Kaiser/emperor of Prussia who helped unite Germany in 1871.

8. Toussant L’Ouverture- Self-educated former slave who led a revolt/independence movement in Haiti against French rule.

Purple cow notes-

9. Nationalism –

10.                  What events inspired the nationalist movements in Europe and Latin America?

A)

B)

C)

11.                  Nation state-

12.                  unification

13.                  nationalism-

14.                  Papal states

15.                  coup d’etat

16.                  kaiser

17.                  When did Germany unite as ONE country? 1871

18.                  When did Italy unite as ONE country? 1861



French Revolution test
Due Date: 11/7/2016
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

Essential questions and study guide:

Unit 5 test study guide:

USE “French Revolution” handouts/red work book/text book 

Storming the Bastille:

The Bastille was a French prison/fortress where weapons and gunpowder were stored. A huge, enraged mob of French people forced their way into the gates, killing the commander and 5 guards, and released some of the prisoners. The storming of the Bastille became a symbol of the French Revolution.

The Reign of Terror:

Lasted in France from July, 1793- July, 1794 under Maximilien Robespierre, almost

40,000 French people were sent to their deaths, usually by guillotine. Finally, people got tired of the bloodshed and executed Robespierre himself.

The Guillotine: created by Dr. Joseph Guillotin as a more humane method of beheading other than a dull ax.

Terms and people to know:

1.     King Louis XVI- King of France at the beginning of the French Revolution. He was beheaded in Jan. 1793 because of his lavish spending and refusal to agree to new government reforms.

2.     Marie Antoinette- wife and queen of Louis XVI- she also was beheaded in Oct. 1793 and spent lavishly.

3.     Maximilien Robespierre-lawyer who led the country of France during the Revolution, his rule was known as the Reign of Terror. During his year long rule, he sent at least 40,000 French people to their deaths in order to control unrest during the revolution.

4.     Napoleon Bonaparte- Brilliant and popular military general who took over France in 1799. He later made himself dictator/emperor of France.

5.     Versailles- huge, luxurious palace built by King Louis XIV 10 miles outside of Paris, France.

1.     What contributed to the French Revolution? Enlightenment ideas, and France’s participation/aiding Americans against the British in the American Revolution

2.     What was a cause of the French Revolution? Unfair tax burdens-3rd Estate was the largest and poorest and had to pay 100% of taxes in France.

3.     Napoleon Bonaparte used his power to: end the French Revolution

4.     All of these fueled French desires to revolt: ideas of the Enlightenment, Declaration of Independence, American Revolution

5.     Who ruled France during the Reign of Terror? Maximilien Robespierre

6.     Who fought in and helped win the American Revolution? AND he…Who wrote the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen? Marquis De Lafayette

7.     Napoleon Bonaparte- brilliant military leader who ended the French Revolution by seizing control of the French government

8.     Versailles- beautiful, luxurious palace built by Louis XIV outside of Paris.

Essential questions: pg.99-handouts

1. *Who was the Marquis de Lafayette?

2.* When was the Declaration of Independence written?

3. *Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

Pg. 100-

4. What was the Marquis de Lafayette’s title in the Continental army?

5. When did George Washington and Lafayette trap the British?

6. When was the Treaty of Paris signed?

Pg. 101-

7. Who paid 100% of the taxes in France?

102-

8. What was a “radical”?

Pg. 103-

9.     Name the 6 countries that went to war against France:

10.                        What were these countries hoping to prevent?

11.                        Why was Maximilien Robespierre notorious?



French Revolution project/poster/booklet
Due Date: 11/7/2016
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

Create a project/poster/booklet using the information given in class from the purple cow notes, handouts, and other assignments (counts as a test grade assessment).

Essential questions and study guide:

Unit 5 test study guide:

USE “French Revolution” handouts

Storming the Bastille:

The Bastille was a French prison/fortress where weapons and gunpowder were stored. A huge, enraged mob of French people forced their way into the gates, killing the commander and 5 guards, and released some of the prisoners. The storming of the Bastille became a symbol of the French Revolution.

The Reign of Terror:

Lasted in France from July, 1793- July, 1794 under Maximilien Robespierre, almost

40,000 French people were sent to their deaths, usually by guillotine. Finally, people got tired of the bloodshed and executed Robespierre himself.

The Guillotine: created by Dr. Joseph Guillotin as a more humane method of beheading other than a dull ax.

 

Terms and people to know:

1.     King Louis XVI- King of France at the beginning of the French Revolution. He was beheaded in Jan. 1793 because of his lavish spending and refusal to agree to new government reforms.

2.     Marie Antoinette- wife and queen of Louis XVI- she also was beheaded in Oct. 1793 and spent lavishly.

3.     Maximilien Robespierre-lawyer who led the country of France during the Revolution, his rule was known as the Reign of Terror. During his year long rule, he sent at least 40,000 French people to their deaths in order to control unrest during the revolution.

4.     Napoleon Bonaparte- Brilliant and popular military general who took over France in 1799. He later made himself dictator/emperor of France.

5.     Versailles- huge, luxurious palace built by King Louis XIV 10 miles outside of Paris, France.

 

 

1.     What contributed to the French Revolution? Enlightenment ideas, and France’s participation/aiding Americans against the British in the American Revolution

2.     What was a cause of the French Revolution? Unfair tax burdens-3rd Estate was the largest and poorest and had to pay 100% of taxes in France.

3.     Napoleon Bonaparte used his power to: end the French Revolution

4.     All of these fueled French desires to revolt: ideas of the Enlightenment, Declaration of Independence, American Revolution

5.     Who ruled France during the Reign of Terror? Maximilien Robespierre

6.     Who fought in and helped win the American Revolution? AND he…Who wrote the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen? Marquis De Lafayette

7.     Napoleon Bonaparte- brilliant military leader who ended the French Revolution by seizing control of the French government

8.     Versailles- beautiful, luxurious palace built by Louis XIV outside of Paris.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Essential questions: pg.99-handouts

1. *Who was the Marquis de Lafayette?

2.* When was the Declaration of Independence written?

3. *Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

Pg. 100-

4. What was the Marquis de Lafayette’s title in the Continental army?

5. When did George Washington and Lafayette trap the British?

6. When was the Treaty of Paris signed?

Pg. 101-

7. Who paid 100% of the taxes in France?

102-

8. What was a “radical”?

Pg. 103-

9.     Name the 6 countries that went to war against France:

10.                        What were these countries hoping to prevent?

11.                        Why was Maximilien Robespierre notorious?



Scientific Revolution test
Due Date: 11/4/2016
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

Students need to know the following for their test on Friday, Nov. 4th on the Scientific Revolution-students took notes from power points and the purple cow-curriculum on wheels:

2016 Unit 5 Scientific Revolution Purple Cow Notes-Hucks-Name____________________________________________

1.       What things, events led to the Scientific Revolution?_________________________________________________

2.       2. Scientific Revolution-________________________________________________________________________

3.       Nicolaus Copernicus-___________________________________________________________________________________

4.       Geocentric view-___________________________________________________________________________

5.       Heliocentric-________________________________________________________________________________

6.       Axis-______________________________________________________________________________________

7.       Astronomy-_________________________________________________________________________________________

8.       Aristotle, Ptolemy-___________________________________________________________________________________

9.       Galileo Galilei-________________________________________________________________________________

10.   In 1632, The Roman Catholic Church-____________________________________________________________

11.   The telescope-______________________________________________________________________________

12.   Four things Galileo did-a)___________________________________________________________________

B)_________________________________________________________________________________

            c)_______________________________________________________

d)_____________________________________________________________________________________

 

13.  Greek thinker/philosopher Aristotle-_____________________________________________________________

14.  The Roman Catholic Church-___________________________________________________________________

15.  Heresy-____________________________________________________________________________________

16.   Johannes Kepler-______________________________________________________________________________________

17.   Kepler’s 3 laws- a)_____________________________________________________________________________________

b)________________________________________________________________________________________________

c)___________________________________________________________________________________________________

17. celestial-_______________________________________________________________________________________

18.    Isaac Newton-______________________________________________________________________________

19.    Calculus-________________________________________________________________________________

20.    Optics-________________________________________________________________________________

21.    Universal Law of Gravitation-_________________________________________________________________

22.    The Scientific Revolution proved the heliocentric theory-____________________________________________________

23.    Newton’s other laws of motion:_________________________________________________________________________

24.    Inventions that helped the world move forward-a._______________________________________b.______________________________________c.__________________d.________________________________________e._____________________________________f._____________________

25.    Francis Bacon-________________________________________________________________________________________

26.    Rene Descartes__________________________________________________________________________

  1. Nicolaus Copernicus-__________________________________________________________________________
  2. Johannes Kepler-___________________________________________________________________________
  3. Galileo Galilei-______________________________________________________________________________
  4. Francis Bacon-________________________________________________________________________________
  5. Isaac Newton-________________________________________________________________________________
  6. Geocentric-__________________________________________________________________________________
  7. Heliocentric-_________________________________________________________________________________
  8. Excommunicate-______________________________________________________________________________
  9. Ellipses-_____________________________________________________________________________________
  10. Heresy-___________________________________________________________________________________________
  11. Astronomer-_________________________________________________________________________________


Unit 4 Scientific Revolution Study guide
Due Date: 10/23/2016
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

Unit 4 study guide-test will be on Thursday, Oct. 23

  1. Who wrote On The Revolution of Heavenly Spheres? Nicolaus Copernicus
  2. Which scientist came up with the theory that planets moved in elliptic paths around the sun? Johannes Kepler
  3. Which English thinker developed the Scientific Method? Francis Bacon
  4. What means “sun-centered Universe”? heliocentric
  5. What are the oval paths that planets move in called? ellipses
  6. Who wrote the book Principia? Isaac Newton
  7. Who was condemned by the Catholic Church in 1632? Galileo Galilei
  8. From pg. 91-know the following terms, people:
  9. Nicolaus Copernicus
  10. Johannes Kepler
  11. Galileo Galilei
  12. Francis Bacon
  13. Isaac Newton
  14. geocentric
  15. heliocentric
  16. excommunicate
  17. ellipses
  18. heresy
  19. astronomer

 

2014 Unit 4 Scientific Revolution Purple Cow Notes-

 

1.       What things, events led to the Scientific Revolution?

 

2.        Scientific Revolution-

 

3.       Nicolaus Copernicus-

 

4.       Geocentric view-

 

5.       Heliocentric-

 

6.       Axis-

 

7.       Astronomy-

 

8.       Aristotle, Ptolemy-

 

9.       Galileo Galilei-

 

10.   In 1632, The Roman Catholic Church-

 

11.   The telescope-

 

12.   Four things Galileo did-a)___________________________________________________________________

 

B)_________________________________________________________________________________

 

            c)_______________________________________________________

 

d)_____________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

 

13.  Greek thinker/philosopher Aristotle-

 

14.  The Roman Catholic Church-

 

15.  Heresy-

 

16.   Johannes Kepler-

 

17.   Kepler’s 3 laws- a)

 

b)________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

c)___________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

17. celestial-

 

18.    Isaac Newton-

 

19.    Calculus-

 

20.    Optics-

 

22.    The Scientific Revolution proved the heliocentric theory-

 

23.    Inventions that helped the world move forward-

 

24.    Francis Bacon-

 

25.    Rene Descartes-

 



Unit 4 Quiz on Absolutism
Due Date: 10/18/2016
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

Students need to know the following:

Unit 4 Absolutism study guide-quiz Friday, 10-18

1.  Monarchy

2.  Absolutism

3.  Unlimited/limited governments

4.  Divine right

5.  France-Louis XIV-

6.  Estates General—(similar to Congress, Parliament)law-making body in France

7.  Edict of Nantes-document that banned the Estates General from meeting during Louis XIV’s (Sun King) reign over France.

Know the following Monarches of Europe:

8.  Fredrick I of Prussia

9.  Catherine II (the Great) of Russia-female Tsar/Czar of Russia after poisoning her husband-expanded borders.

10.                   Peter I (the Great)-Czar of Russia-brought western (modern) ideas to Russia, new technology, expanded Russia’s borders

11.                   Maria Theresa-monarch of Austria (mother of Marie Antoinette)

 



extra credit test practice
Due Date: 9/16/2016
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

Students may go to the link on Mr. Barron's webpage and take quizlets for extra credit. Please have proof of your quiz/score.



Quizlets
Due Date: 9/16/2016
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

Quizlets -please go to Mr. Barron's webpage for the quizlets link.

Quizlet helps make flashcards and assists in different activities such as practice quizzes and tests. For practice, take the tests and complete some of the activities. I will offer extra credit each quarter for completed tests.

Parent signatures are required



Unit One TEST-European Explorers
Due Date: 9/9/2016
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

 The following study guide will be what the test covers and students are supposed to write down these definitions and know them for each and every quiz,test,etc. Study guides will be posted each week well in avance of major assessments.

                     
Posthumous portrait of Christopher Columbus by
Sebastiano del Piombo. There are no known authentic portraits of Columbus.

1.   Columbus (who was Italian but was financed and given 3 ships by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain,) 1492-landed in the Caribbean all 4 voyages.

 

2.   Vasco da Gama was the Portuguese sailor given credit for finding this route to Asia via water. **He accomplished what Columbus wanted to do.

3.   Ferdinand Magellan -the first explorer to circumnavigate the globe; sailed from Spain-one of his 5 ships made it back to Spain-he is given credit for being the first to circumnavigate the globe.

4.   John Cabot- explorer from England who was the first European to “land” in North America.

5.   Amerigo Vespucci was a famous Italian navigator who has been credited world wide for the discovery of America. The continents of North and South America have been named after him.

6.James Cook- British explorer who “discovered” New Zealand, Australia, Easter Island, Hawaii. He passed between the North and South islands of New Zealand (through Cook Strait) and towards the coast of North America. His last stop was in February, 1779 at the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) where he was killed in a fight with islanders over the theft of a boat.

7.   John Cabot(known in Italian as Giovanni Caboto; c. 1450 – c. 1499) was an Italian navigator and explorer whose 1497 discovery of parts of North America under the commission of Henry VII of England is commonly held to have been the first European encounter with the mainland of North America since the Norse Vikings visits to Vinland in the eleventh century. The official position of the Canadian and United Kingdom governments is that he landed on the island of Newfoundland.

8.   Jacques Cartier-French navigator Jacques Cartier was born on December 31, 1491 in Saint-Malon, France, and was sent by King Francis I to the New World in search of riches and a new route to Asia in 1534. His exploration of the St. Lawrence River allowed France to lay claim to lands that would become Canada.

-29.



Explorers project/brochure/booklet due
Due Date: 9/2/2016
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

Students had all week to work on a brochure about the major explorers; including taking notes. Students will also take a quiz on Thursday on the explorers. USE TEXT BOOK PGS. 52-64, HANDOUTS, AND OTHER NOTES TO COMPLETE PROJECT WITH THE FOLLOWING RUBRIC REQUIREMENTS:

Unit One Foldables/Booklet/Brochure Project-due Friday, September 2nd-mandatory-counts as test grade:Requirements: (make it colorful and creative)

1.         Definitions of major explorers/people: pgs. 52—64-text book

a.      Prince Henry the Navigator

b.      Bartholomeu Dias

c.       Vasco da Gama

d.      Christopher Columbus

e. Ferdinand Magellan

f. Jacques Cartier

g. Amerigo Vespucci

h. James Cook

i. John Cabot

j. Pedro Alvares Cabral

k. Giovanni da Verrazano

l. conquistadors, compass, astrolabe, ships, Christian cross symbols, gold, gems, silver, diamonds

M. TIMELINE FROM PGS 52-53

TITLE, NAME ON COVER

 

 The following study guide will be what the test covers and students are supposed to write down these definitions and know them for each and every quiz,test,etc. Study guides will be posted each week well in avance of major assessments.

                      Posthumous portrait of Christopher Columbus by Sebastiano del Piombo. There are no known authentic portraits of Columbus.

1.   Columbus (who was Italian but was financed and given 3 ships by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain,) 1492-landed in the Caribbean all 4 voyages.

 

2.   Vasco da Gama was the Portuguese sailor given credit for finding this route to Asia via water. **He accomplished what Columbus wanted to do.

3.   Ferdinand Magellan -the first explorer to circumnavigate the globe; sailed from Spain-one of his 5 ships made it back to Spain-he is given credit for being the first to circumnavigate the globe.

4.   John Cabot- explorer from England who was the first European to “land” in North America.

5.   Amerigo Vespucci was a famous Italian navigator who has been credited world wide for the discovery of America. The continents of North and South America have been named after him.

6.James Cook- British explorer who “discovered” New Zealand, Australia, Easter Island, Hawaii. He passed between the North and South islands of New Zealand (through Cook Strait) and towards the coast of North America. His last stop was in February, 1779 at the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) where he was killed in a fight with islanders over the theft of a boat.

7.   John Cabot(known in Italian as Giovanni Caboto; c. 1450 – c. 1499) was an Italian navigator and explorer whose 1497 discovery of parts of North America under the commission of Henry VII of England is commonly held to have been the first European encounter with the mainland of North America since the Norse Vikings visits to Vinland in the eleventh century. The official position of the Canadian and United Kingdom governments is that he landed on the island of Newfoundland.

8.   Jacques Cartier-French navigator Jacques Cartier was born on December 31, 1491 in Saint-Malon, France, and was sent by King Francis I to the New World in search of riches and a new route to Asia in 1534. His exploration of the St. Lawrence River allowed France to lay claim to lands that would become Canada.

9. Bartholomeu Dias

10. Peddro Cabral



classwork and homework
Due Date: 8/18/2016
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

Students should have completed and have checked off the following assignments in a well organized ISN (notebook) daily/weekly.

All students will be responsible for (but not limited to) the following:

Bringing their text book and ISN's to class daily. Students should have all assignments completed before class and ready to be checked off. Such assignments will include: terms, definitions, hand outs, maps, graphic organizers, study guide notes, daily notes, power point notes, purple cow notes, exam study guides, etc. in addition-vocabulary crosswords, study guides, etc. handouts should have been completed and checked off.



NOTE BOOKS (ISN's) checked weekly
Due Date: 8/15/2016
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

All student work, definitions, questions, handouts, study guides, non-fiction writing prompts must be kept up to date and checked off either daily/weekly. All student work must be checked off by Friday of every week in order to give students credit and hold each student accountable for their own work/notebook/grades. The exceptions would be student absences, deaths of family, emergency situations. Students are still responsible for any and all work missed.



Final Exam Study guide/SCPASS SS STUDY GUIDE
Due Date: 6/3/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

1.     Who took four years to paint the Sistine Chapel? Michelangelo(Renaissance) artist,painter,sculptor*La Pieta, David

2.     Who lives in the Vatican (Rome, Italy) and is the head of the Catholic Church? The Pope

3.     Who never stepped foot on the North American continent, but was given credit for “discovering” the New World? Columbus(Italian, but sailed from Spain-financed him, gave him 3 ships)

4.     If they lost their “ball game”-Pok a Tok, what would happen to Maya captives? Sacrificed to the gods atop pyramids

5.     The Egyptians and Mayans built what kind of buildings/writing? Pyramids,writing was hieroglyphics

6.     European missionaries attempted to spread which religion to the New World? Christianity

7.     What does it mean to circumnavigate the globe? To sail all the way around the world, (Magellan-from Spain- given credit for being the first)

8.     Which country was a leading nation in navigation and exploration? Portugal (Henry the Navigator)

9.     Which of the following is NOT a reason why Europeans began to explore the world? To develop new technologies(what made possible-caravel,rudder,lanteen triangular sail,compass,astrolabe)

10.                        Why was Galileo (who improved the telescope) condemned to house arrest by the Roman Catholic Church? Because he stated the sun, not the earth, was the center of the universe (know geocentric vs. *heliocentric)

11.                        The Universal Law of Gravitation was most associated with whom? Isaac Newton, laws of motion

12.                        Who believed that the planets orbit the sun in ellipses? Kepler

13.                        Who taught the Muslims about the astrolabe? Chinese

14.                        The method of gaining scientific knowledge is best described by what? Observations, facts, theories

15.                        What is the series of events that led to the birth of modern science? The Scientific Revolution

16.                        Which effect of the Reformation has had the greatest influence on American society? A system of government developed in which people could rule themselves.  

17.                        What were some achievements of the ancient Romans? Cement, arches, keystones, aqueducts

18.                        Because King Henry VIII did not have a male heir to the throne of England, what happened? His daughter Elizabeth became queen

19.                        Which statement best summarizes the Reformation? Martin Luther criticized the Catholic Church’s selling of indulgences, causing new Protestant denomination of Christianity**95 Theses-criticism of Catholic church

20.                        St. Francis of Assisi is most associated with being the patron saint of what? Animals

21.                        What were the ideas of John Calvin’s teachings? Predestination

22.                        Artists mainly painted themes associated with what before the Renaissance? The Roman Catholic Church

23.                        Who invented the metal printing press? Johannes Gutenberg

24.                        An extreme rise in prices is called what? Inflation

25.                        The Medici family is best described by what? Wealthy merchants who supported the arts

26.                        China’s achievements/inventions included: silk, porcelain, fireworks, gunpowder, woodblock printing, and paper

27.                        The conquering and the fall of the Inca Empire is most associated with whom? Francisco Pizarro

28.                        What lace is MOST associated with the first Incas? Machu Picchu

29.                        What role did horses play in the conquest of the Aztecs? Horses were large and powerful and the Aztecs were terrified of them

30.                        What did the Spaniards unknowingly bring with them that helped them conquer the Aztecs? Deadly diseases, such as smallpox

31.                        Why did the Spanish explorers and soldiers come to the Americas? To explore new lands, to search for gold and to spread the Catholic religion

32.                        Who crossed over from Normandy, France and claimed the throne of England for himself? William the Conqueror

33.                        The holy book of Islam is called what? The Qu’ran

34.                        The early followers of Islam, Judaism, and Christianity all had what in common? They all believed that there was only one God

35.                        Who was the founder of Islam? Muhammad

36.                        The “crossroads” location along the Silk Road is where? Constantinople

37.                        What part of the Roman Empire did not fall? Byzantine empire

38.                        The 12 people who became Jesus’s followers were known as what? The disciples

39.                        Where in Italy did the Renaissance begin? Florence

40.                        What is Martin Luther most associated with? Criticizing the Roman Catholic churches’ practice of selling indulgences**$$-payments to CATHOLIC CHURCH to pray for you**95 Theses**

41.                        The ancient Mayan’s civilization location is in present day: Central America and South America

42.                        Feudalism-manor system in which serfs (peasants) lived on and worked the land in exchange for shelter, food,protection from knights,vassals,lords

43.                        Feudal system- exchanging goods and services during the middle ages on Manors

44.                        Ancient Incas lived in modern day- Andes mountains, Peru (Machu Picchu)

45.                        Aztec empire located in modern day-Mexico

46.                        Mayas, Incas, Aztecs- all were polytheistic, practiced human sacrifice

47.                        Contributions of the Mayan civilization-pyramids, hieroglyphs, 365 day calendar, studied astronomy via observatories, number system based on #20

48.                        Vikings-from Scandinavian countries (Denmark, Norway-Europe),fierce warriors that invaded towns and villages in Europe; also made it to Canada, Greenland, Iceland via Viking ships

49.                        Fiefs-piece of land given to nobles, for knights to protect them and serfs

50.                        Magna Carta-(un)written document signed in 1215 by King John of England-gave common people more rights, limited monarch’s power, created Parliament (representative government-makes laws)

51.                        The Crusades-fought between Christians and Muslims-to regain the Holy Land (Jerusalem) from the Muslims/Arabs

52.                        Who controlled the Holy land by the end of the Crusades? Muslims                                  

53.                        Result of the Crusades-Christians were NOT successful at regaining control of the Holy Land

54.                        Monks-nuns-monks –males during the Middle Ages-copied texts, Bibles, simple life of prayer and work

55.                        Bubonic plague/Black death-fleas on rats spread throughout the Middle Ages; ½ of Europe and Asia’s population died; feudal system fell apart

56.                        Renaissance-between 1300-1600 (14th-16th /17th century)-started in Florence, Italy, financed by the Medici family-patron of the arts, **humanism-value of each person/worth

Key people of Renaissance-Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Donatello, Raphael

Writers-William Shakespeare, Machiavelli-the Prince**rebirth of art/literature

Classical Greece/Rome-was focused on

57.                        Protestant-any branch of Christianity that is NOT Catholic; started after the Catholic church had their own Counter Reformation

58.                        Explorers-need to know-Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama (Portuguese explorer-1st to find all water route to Asia), Marco Polo, Magellan, conquistadors-Hernan Cortes-(Aztecs) Francisco Pizarro-(Incas)

59.                        Columbian Exchange-trade between North and South America, *$$Europe,*Africa-L, diseases wiped out millions of Native Americans

60.                        Silk Road-trade route by land from Europe to Asia; Fall of the Byzantine and Mongol empires made trade/travel less safe-leaving explorers looking for a shorter, safer by sea/water route.                                                                                                                                  

61.                        PSFNE-People Stinking Foods Not Eaten-Portugal, Spain, France, Netherlands, England

62.                        Science-study of the natural world and how it works (Scientific Method)

63.                        History-artifacts/fossils; Theology-study of religion

64.                        Nicolaus Copernicus-Polish mathematician who led the scientific revolution with his **heliocentric view of the universe (geocentric vs. heliocentric)

65.                        Humanism-occurred during the Renaissance, focused on history,literature,art **focused also on individuals

66.                        Who invented the printing press around 1450? Johannes Gutenberg



Medieval Europe/Middle Ages test
Due Date: 2/29/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Students were given two study guides for their unit 9 test on Medieval Europe.

Below are the terms and other items the students need to study:MIddle Ages week 2
Due Date: 2/29/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Middle Ages week 2

http://quizlet.com/20486581/middle-ages-week-2-magna-carta-and-crusades-flash-cards/

1. Magna Carta- document signed in 1215 by King John of England that required the king to honor rights of the people

2. Pope- the leader of the Roman Catholic Church

3. monasteries- communities of monks

4. Crusades- long series of wars between Christians and Muslims in Palestine (SW Asia)

5. Holy Land- European name for Palestine because it was the region where Jesus lived, preached, and died

6. monks- religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities

7. missionaries- people who are sent out to teach their religion

8. Black Death- a deadly plague (disease) that killed many people in Europe between 1347 and 1351, a.k.a. Bubonic Plague

9. heresy- religious ideas that oppose accepted church teachings

10. St. Patrick- missionary who converted the people of Ireland to Christianity

Middle Ages
Due Date: 2/29/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Middle Ages

http://quizlet.com/20159760/medieval-europe-flash-cards/

 

1. Middle Ages- period that lasted from about 500 to 1500 AD

2. Medieval period- another name for the Middle Ages

3. fief- land granted to a vassal

4. serf- a peasant who could not leave without the lord’s approval

5. guild- a business group organized by crafts-people

6. Charlemagne- powerful king of the Franks (lived 742-814)

7. Vikings- invaders from Scandinavia who raided much of Europe and North Africa

8. knights- warriors who fought on horseback

9. vassal- a knight or noble who promised to support a lord in exchange for land

10. feudalism- system of obligations that governed the relationships between lords and vassals in medieval Europe

11. Joan of Arc

12. Charlemagne

13. SAINT FRANCIS



Project on Africa - counts as test grade
Due Date: 1/29/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Students need to create a project on the 3 major kingdoms of Ancient Africa.

Students can create either a poster, brochure, or a study guide booklet that needs to include the following:

African kingdoms and the goods traded-Ghana, Mali, Soghai

products, goods traded: salt, gold, ivory, people

animals used along trade routes-camels, donkeys; elephants (ivory), other animals found in Africa-lions, tigers

geographic features that had to be crossed-deserts,rivers,congo basin,etc, bodies of water that surround Africa

map of Africa, timelines optional

info from major kingdoms-pg. 451

**illustrations with color



Africa quiz vocabulary words
Due Date: 1/22/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

 

Students should know the terms and definitions for a quiz on Friday, Jan.22

**Test will be in Matching--not multiple choice format

 

1. tsetse fly- found in forest region of Africa – deadly to domestic animals

 

2. Sahel (desert)- “shore” in Arabic, land with little rainfall dividing the desert from wetter areas

 

3. Trans-Saharan trade- used to exchange North African goods like salt and silk for West African goods like gold and ivory**salt, gold, people

 

4. Timbuktu- important city for Mali and Songhai kingdoms as a center of Islamic life

 

5. Gao- capital city of Songhai Empire

 

6. Mansa Musa- Mali’s most famous ruler, spread Islam

 

7. Almoravids- North African Muslims who invaded and controlled Ghana’s empire in the 1060s

 

8. cotton- introduced to West Africa that was used to make clothing

 

9. griots- storytellers of early West Africa

 

10. kola nuts- seed from a cola tree that contains caffeine

 

11. Islam-founder, practiced in North Africa and the Middle East

 

12. Sahara desert-largest desert in the world-located in Africa

 

13. Nile River-longest river in the world; Egypt, Africa

 



Rome study guide
Due Date: 12/17/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Roman Civilization

6-2.3 and 6-2.4

 

Geography of Italy

  • boot shaped
  • extends into Mediterranean Sea
  • Alps form northern border
  • Apennines extend through Italy from north to south

 

Rome

  • built by Latins **Language of ancient Rome
  • built on plain of Latium
  • located in central Italy on the Tiber River (15 miles from Mediterranean Sea)
  • two stories tell of beginning: legend of Romulus and Remus and the tale of Aeneas

 

 

Roman Civilization

  • influenced by Greeks
    • alphabet, gods, goddesses--mythology
    • architecture, literature, and sculpture
    • growing grapes and olives
  • influenced by Etruscans
    • changed Rome from straw-roofed huts into a city of brick and wood buildings
    • new dress - short cloaks and tunics
    • model for Roman army

 

Birth of Republic-(representative democracy-like the USA) (100 sentators-6yrs) 435-representatives-2yrs=CONGRESS)**make/pass laws for the USA

  • rebelled against Tarquin family
  • set up a republic
    • form of government in which the leader is not a king or queen but someone put into office by citizens with the right to vote
    • citizens have the power
  • spent 200 yrs. conquering neighbors (Latins and Greek) to gain control of majority of Italy

 

Study Questions

  1. Where did the Greek live in Italy? How did they influence the Romans?
  2. Who influenced the Roman the most? Explain.
  3. Describe the geography of Rome. How was the geography influential in protecting the Romans as well as allowing for trade and interaction between other lands?
  4. Though legends exist explaining the beginning of Rome, how was it actually founded?
  5. What is a republic? Why did the Romans create a republic?

 

Rome’s Government

  • Citizens divided into two classes
    • patricians - wealthy landowners
    • plebeians – artisans, shopkeepers, and owners of small farms; couldn’t hold political office
  • Consuls
    • Top government official
    • patricians
    • served one year as the civil and military authority
  • Praetors
    • interpreted the law
    • acted as judges in court cases

 

 

  • Senate
    • most important legislative body
    • one of many assemblies created to give people a voice, directly or indirectly
  • Dictator
    • had absolute power during emergencies
    • appointed temporarily by Senate
    • offset system of Checks and Balances
      • government structured to prevent any one group or body from consolidating too much power

 

Plebeians Against Patricians

  • Plebeians complained about so little power and went on strike
    • refused to serve in army
    • left city and set up own republic
    • Patricians agreed to share power
  • Plebeians set up own body of representatives
    • Council of the Plebs
    • elected representatives called tribunes
      • brought concerns to government’s attention
      • could veto government decisions
  • Eventually allowed to become consuls

 

Roman Laws

  • Influenced legal system of United States
  • First code of laws – Twelve Tables
    • basis of all Roman law
    • only applied to Roman citizens
  • “Rule of Law”
    • all people treated equally and the same by the legal system

 

Study Questions

  1. How was Roman government republican in nature?
  2. Describe the structure of Roman government.
  3. How did the Roman government help structure the republican principles we live under today?
  4. What is the “rule of law”?
  5. Why did plebeians originally have so little power? How was this changed?

 

Roman Expansion

  • Carthage was a powerful enemy of Rome
  • First Punic War
    • dispute between Rome and Carthage over Sicily
    • Lasted 20 years – Rome won
  • Second Punic War
    • Carthage expanded into Spain
    • Rome helped Spain rebel
  • Third Punic War
    • Rome defeated Carthage
  • During the Punic Wars, Rome expanded its control throughout the Mediterranean

 

 

 

 

 

 

Julius Caesar

  • Created First Triumvirate – political alliance of three people
    • Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey
    • weakened the Senate and patrician class
  • Caesar marched on Rome and defeated Pompey’s forces after Crassus died in battle
  • Declared himself dictator of Rome for life
    • Responsible for Rome’s move toward a dictatorship and away from a republic democracy
  • Created Julian calendar
  • Killed by enemies on March 15 – “Ides of March” 44 b.c-assassinated by the Roman Senate

 

Roman Empire

  • Second Triumvirate
    • formed by Octavian (Caesar’s nephew), Antony (general), and Lepidus (general)
    • power struggle
  • Antony formed an alliance with Cleopatra (Egypt)
    • Octavian declared war on Antony and defeated forces
  • Octavian emerged as sole leader
    • Limited power of Senate
    • Declared himself ruler for life (emperor)-made Rome an Empire-instead of a republic democracy
    • Given title “Caesar Augustus”
    • End of Roman Republic and beginning of Roman Empire

 

Emperor Augustus

  • Pax Romana – long era of peace, prosperity, and expansion that began with Augustus
  • Built permanent army
    • Conquered Spain and Gaul
    • Conquered lands known today as Austria, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria
  • Replaced Senate with proconsuls (governors)
  • Created laws for those who were not citizens

 

Study Questions

  1. What areas were controlled by the Roman Empire? How was Rome able to expand into these areas?
  2. Compare and contrast Julius Caesar and Caesar Augustus.
  3. Why did Roman become an empire?
  4. What were the Punic Wars? What was the outcome of the wars?

 

Roman Culture

  • Romans built upon influences of Greek civilization
    • Sculpture and architecture
      • Portrayed people with flaws
      • More lifelike than Greeks
    • Mythology
      • Worshiped gods and goddesses
  • Architecture and Engineering
    • Geared toward solving problems associated with everyday life
    • Modified traditional post and lintel construction
    • Developed arch to build higher and more stable structures (Colosseum and Pantheon)
    • Domes
    • Roads allowed empire to be unified for trade and protection
    • Aqueducts
      • supplied fresh water to cities
      • human-made water channels for carrying water long distances

 

Factors Leading Decline of Rome

  • Economic costs of sustaining an empire
    • Had to maintain a military in distant lands
    • Had to protect trade within the empire
    • Government had to support people who lost their land and moved to cities
    • People forced to pay high taxes
  • Division into eastern and western empires
    • Civil wars
  • Decline of traditional values on which Roman society had been built and prospered
    • Corruption among citizens
    • Decline in moral values
  • External threats (invasions and attacks)
    • Vandals
    • Angles
    • Saxons
    • Huns
    • Visigoths

 

Legacy of Rome

  • Law and government of United States today is influenced by the laws and government of Ancient Rome
  • Alphabet
  • Architecture – domes and arches
  • Christianity (began in Roman Empire)

 

Study Questions

  1. Why were aqueducts important?
  2. What lands did Augustus conquer during his reign?
  3. What ideals in the US legal system came from the Roman system?
  4. Explain the rise and fall of the Roman Empire. What caused the empire to expand? What caused the empire to fall?
  5. Who were the external threats to the Roman Empire?
  6. Identify examples of classical Roman architecture.


Christianity project
Due Date: 12/16/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Students are to create a project, poster, paper, booklet, or brochure on Christianity. This is due on or before January 8, 2016.

 



Mid term exam study guide part one 6th grade
Due Date: 12/16/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

 

 

Sixth Grade Social Studies Mid Term Exam

Study Guide

6-1.1

Describe the life of a hunter-gatherer.

6-1.2

What is the domestication of animals?

Irrigation of crops

Permanent settlements- trade and specialized crafts

How did the Neolithic Revolution increase the population and increase food supply?

Neolithic Period- changed from hunting-gathering to growing crops

6-1.3

Egypt, Mesopotamia, Shang China and the Indus Valley- Name the rivers for each and why the rivers were important.

Egypt- flood cycle of the Nile River created what?

Huang He- development of civilization

Early writing forms: Sumerians-cuneiform, Egypt-hieroglyphics, Chinese-calligraphy, ideographs and pictographs

Pyramids- tombs for pharaohs

Phoenician society- use of alphabet

Hieroglyphics and cuneiform- recorded history in which civilizations?

Trade- lack of wanted goods

6-1.4

Christianity started during the Roman Empire

Judaism- belief in one God

Polytheistic Religion-many gods

 

6-3.1

Silk Road- great trade route from China across Central Asia to the Mediterranean Sea.

China-Gunpowder, kites, acupuncture, seismographs, porcelain, silks, and woodblock prints.

Map- Spread of Islam

6-2.1

Athens- first democracy

Oligarchy- multiple leadership

Socrates- philosopher, taught through questions

Alexander the Great- spread Greek culture to Asia and Africa.

6-2.3

Rome- Republic

Roman contributions to engineering and architecture- aqueducts, paved roads, colosseum

Pax Romana- 200 year period of peace

Romans- cement

Roman religion- Greek gods and goddesses

6-2.4

Julius Caesar- elected dictator for life

Fall of Rome- Germanic invasions, corrupt officials, heavy taxes

Classical writings of Hinduism- Epics and Sagas



exam study guide part 2
Due Date: 12/16/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

2015-16-Sixth Grade Social Studies First Semester Exam Study guide-Ms. Hucks

1.  How did Islam spread to North Africa? Along trade routes from the Middle East/ Muslim traders.

2.       What two things brought wealth to the African kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai ? gold and salt

3.       Under which Chinese dynasty did gunpowder originate in? Han Dynasty

4.       Which Byzantine emperor was responsible for organizing and simplifying old Roman law into a new code?

Justinian Code

5.       What is Byzantine culture best known for? preserving Greek and Roman culture-(architecture,mythology,democracy,philosophy)

6.       What did the eastern portion of the Roman Empire become known as? Byzantine Empire

7.       Why did Constantinople become the center of the Byzantine Empire? Its location made it the crossroads of Europe and Asia.

8.       What type of society needed access to a variety of raw materials to survive? Hunter-gatherer (Paleolithic Era)

9.       Why were Hunter-gatherers nomadic? (why did they migrate?) to find/follow food/animals

10.    Farmers could improve the quality and quantity of food produced once they learned what? Domestication of plants and animals, irrigation

11.    By forming permanent settlements, early people were able to organize their social groups. Characteristics of these social groups include what? some form of government,tamed livestock,permanent dwellings

12.    Where is the Indus River Civilization located? See map

13.    Where is the Nile River Civilization located? See map

14.    Where is the Huang He Civilization located? See map

15.    Where is the Tigris-Euphrates River(s) Civilization located? See map

16.    Who invented cuneiform? Sumerians in Mesopotamia

17.    Who invented hieroglyphics? Egypt

18.    What was the purpose of the pyramids? Which civilization perfected the building of pyramids? tombs for the pharaohs

19.     What does “specialization” mean?With an agricultural surplus, early civilizations could have different people do different things. Some people were in the army, some were farmers, some collected taxes, and others built of roads.(learning a skill)

20.     What is the difference between the Paleolithic and the Neolithic eras? Paleolitihic-lived in caves,hunted,gathered food, had fire, stone weapons. Neolithic-developed agriculture, domesticated plants, animals, permanent settlements

21.    What did the development of agriculture lead to? Specialization of jobs, development of language, government

22.    What were early economies based on? Agriculture

23.    Which development was an important contribution of Muslim culture to civilization? advances in science and medicine, math

24.    Who was the founder of Islam? Mohammad

25.    What is the name of the holy book of Islam? The Quran/Koran What is Islam based on? The Five Pillars

26.    What is the world’s first major monotheistic religion called? Judaism (Jewish, Hebrew), Christianity branched out of Judaism

27.    What is the name of the holy book of Judaism? The Torah/Old Testament

28.    Who did Rome go to war with for control of the Mediterranean? Carthage

29.    What event signaled the end of the Roman republic and the beginning of the Roman empire with an emperor? The assassination of Julius Caesar by the Roman senate

30.    Who was the first emperor of the Roman empire? Octavian/ Augustus Caesar-when Octavian defeated Marc Antony-ended civil war

31.    What development had the greatest influence on the culture of North Africa and the Middle East? Religion of Islam

32.    Early Christianity was spread through which empire? The Roman Empire-later known as The Holy Roman Empire

33.    Which Roman emperor made Christianity the MAIN religion of Rome? Constantine-for which the city of Constantinople is named.

34.    Which is a sacred city to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam? Jerusalem-which is in Israel

35.    What civilization is credited with being the world’s first democracy, or government in which people ruled or had a voice? Athens, Greece

36.    What type of democracy did the Romans create that we use in the USA today? A republic

37.    Ancient Greece was home to many great philosophers. What philosopher taught that the way to seek truth is through a series of questions and answers? Socrates-who taught Plato-who taught Aristotle-who taught Macedonian conqueror-Alexander the Great-who spread Hellenistic/Greek culture to the places he conquered

38.    Who was the Macedonian responsible for spreading Greek/Hellenistic culture to Asia and Africa? Alexander the Great

39.    In 509 B.C. Rome set up a form of government which included a leader and a lawmaking body. What is this type of government called? A republic

40.    What was the early Roman religion like? Their gods and goddess were similar to Greek gods and goddesses.

41.    What were the main reasons why the Roman empire collapsed? Heavy, high taxes, corrupt government officials, invasions from Germanic and other groups

42.    What are the primary writings of classical Hinduism called? The Vedas-What is the sacred book of Islam called? The Qu’ran/Koran-What is the sacred book of Judaism called? The Torah/Old Testament What are the two sacred books of Christianity called? The Bible-it includes the (Jewish) Old Testament and the New Testament (about teachings of Jesus)

43.    What was of the trade route that connected Chinese civilization and goods to the Roman Empire called? The Silk Road

44.    What trade made the West African kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai rich and powerful? Trading of salt and gold

45.    Give Examples of Chinese contributions: porcelain, wood block printing, gunpowder, fireworks,*silk,-writing is symbols, pictographs, paper, seismograph Give Examples of Chinese contributions: porcelain, wood block printing, gunpowder, fireworks,*silk,- Used in apparel and art, silk became the staple of trade with the east and, more than any other product, was a symbol of ancient China. Writing is symbols, pictographs, paper, seismograph

46.    What West African city was known as a center of trade and learning in the 1300s? Timbuktu

 

Add:

Caste System –each caste had distinct roles in society and caste guided members in issues such

as occupation, foods eaten, and marriage.

 

Sumer/ Mesopotamia contributions-achievements:

Civilizations/cultures that developed here were the Sumerian, Babylonian, Phoenician; -between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

Created ziggurats-temples in center of city

Cuneiform-world’s first known writing

Hammurabi’s Code.

 

Ancient India

Developed in the Indus River valley (Harappan);worship Hinduism-polytheistic Hinduism and Buddhist –karma, reincarnation

Hinduism is the world’s largest polytheistic religion with it pantheon of gods

and goddesses seen as part of a universal soul/deity known as the Brahman.

One major concept is reincarnation, a belief in a cycle of life, death, rebirth –writing was Sanskrit

BUDDHISM:

Origins: Began in India and incorporated much of Hinduism in its practice. Founder(s): Siddhartha Gautama was an Indian prince raised in a lifestyle of luxury and comfort who, upon encountering the misery and suffering of the poor in the streets, began

to question the meaning of life. Gautama left his city and wandered through the land. He

became know as Buddha, “Enlightened One”.

Four Noble Truths

1. Life is full of pain and suffering.

2. Human desire causes this suffering.

3. By putting an end to desire, humans can end suffering.

4. Humans can end desire by following the Eightfold Path.

Ancient Egyptians

Developed along the Nile in Egypt (Africa)

Created hieroglyphics-picture symbols (translated w/ help of discovery of the Rosetta Stone)

Pyramids, Sphinx, mummification, polytheistic

Ancient Greeks

Democracy, philosophy, Hellenistic culture, architecture (columns), science, medicine, math, mythology, acropolis, polis

Ancient Romans-

Copied much of the Greek culture-gods, goddesses, architectural styles

Julian calendar

Twelve Tables

Justinian Code

republic

 

Major religions-

Judaism-first major monotheistic religion-Founder(s): Abraham is the “Father of the Hebrews.” Moses was the law-giver and author of the first books of the Torah. Yahweh (God) Hebrews/Jewish

 

CHRISTIANITY:

Origins: Grew from and is an extension of Judaism – with Jesus Christ as the Messiah.

Founder(s): Jesus Christ is the originator of Christianity. Early significant leaders were

Paul, Peter, and John. Christianity was adopted as the

official religion of the Roman Empire .

ISLAM:

Origins: Originated in the Arabian Peninsula in the city of Mecca.

Founder(s): Mohammed

Principles: Islam is the world’s third great monotheistic religion and sees itself as

fulfillment of God’s (Allah) .The Qu’ran (Koran) contains the sacred

writings of Islam. The most important beliefs/acts are known as the Five Pillars of Islam.

CONFUCIANISM:

Origins: China during the Zhou (Chou) Dynasty. After the end of feudalism crime was

rampant and Confucius spoke of returning to the moral standards of the ancients.

Founder(s): Kung Fu-Tzu (Confucius) 551-479 BC

Principles: It is not a religion but rather is an ethical code dealing with the moral

character of individuals, society, and government.

TAOISM:

Origins: Grew from ancient Chinese philosophies that were merged into one basic

teaching. In some ways it grew from a reaction to the spread of Confucianism and

Buddhism.

Founder(s): Lao-Tse

Principles: Tao (Dao) means “The Way” (or the Path) and it’s a series of philosophical

teachings that focuses on achieving balance and harmony in the universe, and in one’s

life



Unit 4 Quiz on Ancient India and China
Due Date: 11/16/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Indus Valley and China Review Words-Study Guide-Ms. Hucks-Quiz is on Monday, November 16, 2015

1. subcontinent- large landmass that is part of a continent but separate because of physical features like mountains

2. monsoons- seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons

3. Indus - river where the Harappa Civilization developed in present day India and Pakistan; also know that the Ganges river was important to India

4. Aryans- group of invaders from Central Asia who settled in India

5. Sanskrit- the most important language of ancient India

6. Caste system- social group that people are born into and cannot change-practiced in India

7. Hinduism- largest religion in India, largest polytheistic religion in the world

8. reincarnation- process of rebirth

9. karma- the effects that good or bad actions have on a person’s soul- the consequences of how one live

10. Siddhartha Guatama-founder of Buddhism, original Buddha

11. Himalayas

12.Dalai Lama

13. Buddhism

14. Dalai Lama

15. Tibet-

16. Nirvana

17. Brahman-

CHINA-study guide

10. Huang He (Yellow River)- flows from west to east almost 3,000 miles across northern China

11. oracle- prediction

12. lords-/land owning aristocrats $$; people of high rank

13. peasants- farmers, people of low rank (poor)

14. Merchants-people who sell things/trade items

 15. ethics- moral values

 16. Confucianism- ideas of the most influential teacher in Chinese history, focused on good morals and relationships, influenced culture, beliefs and laws in China/Asia—Confucius-famous Chinese teacher, philosopher

17. Taoism (Daoism)- Chinese philosophy that stressed living in harmony and balance (China)

18. Laozi- most famous Taoist teacher –founder of Daoism/Taoism (China)

19. Legalism- belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled; founded by Hanfeizi (China)

20. Great Wall- barrier across China’s northern frontier

Other significant Chinese contributions:

Chinese Dynasties and Contributions

 

  1. Qin

·         Strengthened central government

·         Created single monetary system

·         Built the first Great Wall to keep out invaders

 

  1. Han

·         China’s landmass increased

·         Silk road built

·         Government Civil Service exam created

·         Inventions: steel, paper, seismograph, compass

 

3.       Sui (Swee)                                                                                

·         Rebuilt the Great Wall

·         Built the Grand Canal which links the Yangtze and Huang He Rivers

·         Inventions: woodblock printing, seismograph

 

4.       Tang

·         Strengthened China’s government and economy

·         Farmers improved irrigation, developed new ways of growing crops, and developed new kinds of rice and tea

·         Roads and waterways built to allow for easier travel within and around China

·         China traded silk, porcelain, tea, steel, and paper along the Silk Road

·         Inventions: moveable type printing, gunpowder, large ships with rudders and sails

·         Enjoyed the golden age of art and literature (Tang and Song Dynasties)

o   Age of poetry - express joy, sadness, and beauty of nature

o   Chinese landscapes reflected Taoist beliefs – people lived in nature but didn’t control it

o   Calligraphy – painting characters with brush and ink

o   Porcelain was used to make cups, plates, figurines, and vases

  1. Song

·         Period of prosperity and cultural achievement

·         Buddhism practiced in China

·         Magnetic compass used as navigational tool



ISN Notebook
Due Date: 8/20/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

All student work, definitions, questions, handouts, study guides, non-fiction writing prompts must be kept up to date and checked off either daily/weekly. All student work must be checked off by Friday of every week in order to give students credit and hold each student accountable for their own work/notebook/grades. The exceptions would be student absences, deaths of family, emergency situations. Students are still responsible for any and all work missed.