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French Revolution Project
Due Date: 11/9/2017
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

French Revolution Rsbric-project(BOOKLET or brochure) due Thu, Nov. 09-test grade; QUIZ IS Friday, Nov. 3, test is Wed., Nov. 15

HAVE AT LEAST THE FOLLOWING:

1.  TITLE PG, NAME, PERioD

2.  LIST THE 3 ESTATES-WHO MADE OF EACH (WHO PAID 100%) OF TAXES

3.  LIST CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF French Revolution

a.  MONARCHY WASTING MONEY, UNFAIR TAXES

b.  STORMNG OF THE BASTILLE-DATE,WHERE, HOW, WHAT

c.   EFFECTS-REIGN OF TERROR-WHO, WHAT, HOW MAY DIED, GUILLOTINE

d.  GOOD THINGS NAPOLEON DID-TIMELINE, BIOGRAPHY OF HIS LIFE

e.  TIMELINE OF FRENCH REVOLUTION

f.     1793-WHAT HAPPENED TO LOUIS XVI, MARIE ANTOINETTE

 

Create a project/brochure/booklet using the information given in class from the purple cow notes, handouts, and other assignments (counts as a test grade assessment).

 

Essential questions and study guide:

 

Unit 5 test study guide:

 

USE “French Revolution” handouts

 

Storming the Bastille:

 

The Bastille was a French prison/fortress where weapons and gunpowder were stored. A huge, enraged mob of French people forced their way into the gates, killing the commander and 5 guards, and released some of the prisoners. The storming of the Bastille became a symbol of the French Revolution.

 

The Reign of Terror:

 

Lasted in France from July, 1793- July, 1794 under Maximilien Robespierre, almost

 

40,000 French people were sent to their deaths, usually by guillotine. Finally, people got tired of the bloodshed and executed Robespierre himself.

 

The Guillotine: created by Dr. Joseph Guillotin as a more humane method of beheading other than a dull ax.

 

 

 

Terms and people to know:

 

1.     King Louis XVI- King of France at the beginning of the French Revolution. He was beheaded in Jan. 1793 because of his lavish spending and refusal to agree to new government reforms.

 

2.     Marie Antoinette- wife and queen of Louis XVI- she also was beheaded in Oct. 1793 and spent lavishly.

 

3.     Maximilien Robespierre-lawyer who led the country of France during the Revolution, his rule was known as the Reign of Terror. During his year long rule, he sent at least 40,000 French people to their deaths in order to control unrest during the revolution.

 

4.     Napoleon Bonaparte- Brilliant and popular military general who took over France in 1799. He later made himself dictator/emperor of France.

 

5.     Versailles- huge, luxurious palace built by King Louis XIV 10 miles outside of Paris, France.

 

 

 

 

 

1.     What contributed to the French Revolution? Enlightenment ideas, and France’s participation/aiding Americans against the British in the American Revolution

 

2.     What was a cause of the French Revolution? Unfair tax burdens-3rd Estate was the largest and poorest and had to pay 100% of taxes in France.

 

3.     Napoleon Bonaparte used his power to: end the French Revolution

 

4.     All of these fueled French desires to revolt: ideas of the Enlightenment, Declaration of Independence, American Revolution

 

5.     Who ruled France during the Reign of Terror? Maximilien Robespierre

 

6.     Who fought in and helped win the American Revolution? AND he…Who wrote the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen? Marquis De Lafayette

 

7.     Napoleon Bonaparte- brilliant military leader who ended the French Revolution by seizing control of the French government

 

8.     Versailles- beautiful, luxurious palace built by Louis XIV outside of Paris.

 



French Revolution quiz
Due Date: 11/3/2017
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

Study guide given to students Nov. 7-11 for their quiz n Thursday, Nov. 17 and can be used to complete their project due on Friday, Nov. 18-see bottom for additional notes:

Essential questions and study guide:

 

Unit 5 test study guide:

 

USE “French Revolution” handouts/red work book/text book 

 

Storming the Bastille:

 

The Bastille was a French prison/fortress where weapons and gunpowder were stored. A huge, enraged mob of French people forced their way into the gates, killing the commander and 5 guards, and released some of the prisoners. The storming of the Bastille became a symbol of the French Revolution.

 

The Reign of Terror:

 

Lasted in France from July, 1793- July, 1794 under Maximilien Robespierre, almost

 

40,000 French people were sent to their deaths, usually by guillotine. Finally, people got tired of the bloodshed and executed Robespierre himself.

 

The Guillotine: created by Dr. Joseph Guillotin as a more humane method of beheading other than a dull ax.

 

Terms and people to know:

 

1.     King Louis XVI- King of France at the beginning of the French Revolution. He was beheaded in Jan. 1793 because of his lavish spending and refusal to agree to new government reforms.

 

2.     Marie Antoinette- wife and queen of Louis XVI- she also was beheaded in Oct. 1793 and spent lavishly.

 

3.     Maximilien Robespierre-lawyer who led the country of France during the Revolution, his rule was known as the Reign of Terror. During his year long rule, he sent at least 40,000 French people to their deaths in order to control unrest during the revolution.

 

4.     Napoleon Bonaparte- Brilliant and popular military general who took over France in 1799. He later made himself dictator/emperor of France.

 

5.     Versailles- huge, luxurious palace built by King Louis XIV 10 miles outside of Paris, France.

 

1.     What contributed to the French Revolution? Enlightenment ideas, and France’s participation/aiding Americans against the British in the American Revolution

 

2.     What was a cause of the French Revolution? Unfair tax burdens-3rd Estate was the largest and poorest and had to pay 100% of taxes in France.

 

3.     Napoleon Bonaparte used his power to: end the French Revolution

 

4.     All of these fueled French desires to revolt: ideas of the Enlightenment, Declaration of Independence, American Revolution

 

5.     Who ruled France during the Reign of Terror? Maximilien Robespierre

 

6.     Who fought in and helped win the American Revolution? AND he…Who wrote the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen? Marquis De Lafayette

 

7.     Napoleon Bonaparte- brilliant military leader who ended the French Revolution by seizing control of the French government

 

8.     Versailles- beautiful, luxurious palace built by Louis XIV outside of Paris.

 

Essential questions: pg.99-handouts

 

1. *Who was the Marquis de Lafayette?

 

2.* When was the Declaration of Independence written?

 

3. *Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

 

Pg. 100-

 

4. What was the Marquis de Lafayette’s title in the Continental army?

 

5. When did George Washington and Lafayette trap the British?

 

6. When was the Treaty of Paris signed?

 

Pg. 101-

 

7. Who paid 100% of the taxes in France?

 

102-

 

8. What was a “radical”?

 

Pg. 103-

 

9.     Name the 6 countries that went to war against France:

 

10.                        What were these countries hoping to prevent?

 

11.                        Why was Maximilien Robespierre notorious?

 

 

Purple Cow Notes—view and listen and write down the answers to these questions:

 

  1. Where was Jean Jacques Rousseau from?                                                                 

 

  1. What is a “Social Contract?”                                                                                                             

 

  1. Why did the people of France resent the King?                                                                                

 

  1. What does “despotism” mean?                                                                                                          

 

  1. Who was the last king of France?_________________________________________________

 

  1. What did the National Assembly do in 1789?      ____________________________________________

 

  1. What was the “Bastille”? ____________________________________________________________

 

  1. What happened in 1793 to the king?      ___________________________________________________

 

  1. What was the “guillotine?”      ___________________________________________________________

 

  1. Who controlled France after King Louis      XVI?____________________________________________

 

  1. What happened during the “Reign of Terror” in

 

France?___________________________________________________________________________

 

  1. What happened to Maximillien Robespierre?                                                                                    

 

”Commoners and Nobility in France”

 

13. Who made up the following: a) First Estate:____________________________

 

b) Second Estate:___________________________c) Third Estate:______________________________

 

  1. When was the National Assembly formed in France?__________________________________

 

  1. When was the Bastille captured in France?      _____________________________________

 

  1. What was decided during the      “Enlightenment”?___________________________________________

 

Causes and Effects of the French Revolution”

 

  1. List some causes of the French revolution?      _________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

  1. What were some      effects/outcomes of the French Revolution?

 

 

“Napoleon’s Rise and Fall”

 

  1. How was Napoleon able to seize power in France?                                                                          

 

  1. When did Napoleon seize power in France?      ___________________________________

 

  1. What did Napoleon become in 1804?      ______________________________________________

 

  1. How long did the Napoleonic Wars last?      ____________________________________________

 

  1. What 2 nation s did Napoleon NOT conquer?      _________________________________________

 

  1. What does “abdicate” mean?      ______________________________________________________

 

  1. What does “exile” mean?      _______________________________________________________

 

“Napoleon Key Events”: Write out the dates for the following:

 

  1. When was the French king overthrown?      ________________________________________

 

  1. What weather event kept Russia from being conquered by      Napoleon? ________________________

 

  1. How many troops did Napoleon start with when he      invaded Russia?      _________________________

 

  1. How many French troops survived the Russian invasion?      __________________________________

 

  1. When was Napoleon exiled to Elba?      _______________________________________

 

  1. When did Napoleon die? ___________________________________________

 

  1. List 3 “good” things Napoleon did:      ____________________________________________________

 

“Napoleon the Musical”

 

  1. How many people in Europe      did Napoleon rule? _________________________________

 

  1. Where did most French troops die in Russia?      _____________________________________

 

  1. When and where was Napoleon finally defeated?      _____________________________________

 

  1. What does “meeting your Waterloo” mean?      ____________________________________________


Unit 3 Absolutism test
Due Date: 10/12/2017
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

Unit 3 test is Thursday, OCt. 12; students have had 3 study guides to prepare for this test since last week: students should know the following:

 3 Unlimited/Limited governments/notes:

1.    English (Revolution) Civil war-1640-1660-English fought war(within their own country amongst themselves)*religious war fought by King Charles I against Parliament, Puritans,Protestants , (non-Catholic) in Scotland

2.    when/who/why? Cavaliers –supported King Charles I

3.    Charles I-king of England, LIVED 1600-1649

4.    Roundheads/Puritans-supported Parliament-fought against king Charles I, cut their hair shorter

5.    Cavaliers- fought on the side of the monarchy (king Charles I), wore their hair longer

6.      Divine Right- European monarchs based their strength on Divine Right; The idea that a rulers power comes directly from God

7.    Parliament- England established Parliament in the 1200’s. Parliament is a group of people to help make laws in Great Britain.

8.    Puritans-strict religious Protestant group of Christians

9.    Oliver Cromwell and the Roundheads-leader of the Parliament fighters who helped defeat the Cavaliers and Charles I, ruled England from 1653-1658 as “Lord Protectorate of England”**very strict, more unpopular than Charles I

10.What happened to Charles I (1649)? Executed-beheaded

11.What was restored? Monarchy in England was restored when Charles II was asked to take the throne of England in 1660.

12.How did England's monarchy change? King/queen had to give up TOTAL control, ask Parliament for permission to tax people, fight with an army, give citizens more rights

13. England’s Civil war-changed the rule of being an UNLIMITED ABSOLUTE MONARCHY to being a CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY

14.Cromwell-LED ROUNDHEADS,PURITANS, PARLIAMENT AND DEFEATED CAVALIERS AND CHARLES i

15.Return of monarchy-Charles II-(SON OF CHARLES I)-1660-MONARCHY RETURNED TO RULING ENGLAND

16.Glorious Revolution (1688)-BLOODLESS REVOLUTION

17.King James II –why was he unpopular? DID NOT WANT TO SHARE POWER WITH PARLIAMENT, WANTED CATHOLICISM TO BE THE ONLY RELIGION PRACTICED IN GREAT BRITAIN

18.William (of Orange and wife Mary)-

19.English Bill of Rights (1689)-LIMITED KING’S POWER, GAVE CITIZENS MORE RIGHTS

20.Toleration Act (1689)-GRANTED RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IN ENGLAND

21.The Enlightenment-PEOPLE BECAME MORE EDUCATED,STARTED TO USE REASON TO EXPLAIN THE UNIVERSE, SOLVE PROBLEMS

22.Renaissance-1300-1600-REBIRTH OF THE ARTS, LEARNING, LITERATURE, ARCHITECTURE IN EUROPE

23.Humanism-INDIVIDUAL PEOPLE HAVE VALUE,DIGNITY,WORTH; NOT PROPERTY

24.Reformation-CATHOLIC CHURCH BEGAN TO REFORM ITSELF;BEGAN TO ALLOW OTHER PROTESTANT/NON-CATHOLIC CHRISTIAN BRANCHES OF RELIGION

25.Scientific Revolution-USE OF SCIENCE,OBSERVATION,EXPERMENTATION TO EXPLAIN THINGS, UNIVERSE

26.The American Revolution and French Revolution-1776, 1789-PEOPLE BEGAN TO BREAK AWAY AND OVERTHROW THEIR MONARCHIES(KINGS/QUEENS)

27.What changed during the Enlightenment?

28.Secular-

29.Enlightenment thinkers-

30.Thomas Paine-

31.John Locke-

32.Thomas Jefferson-

33.Montesquieu-

34.How was thinking different during the Enlightenment-

35.Denis Diderot-

36.Rousseau’s Social contract-

37.   monarchies- Government ruled by Kings and Queens

38.   absolutism- Absolutism is a system that places absolute or total power in the hands of a ruler and his or her advisors

39.divine right-

40.absolute monarchy-Absolutism: Monarchies (government led by king or queens)ruled with absolute (total) power.

41.limited government- Power of government is restricted by the people

42.Magna Carta-

43.Parliament-

44.Puritans-

45.Oliver Cromwell- English general who led the Parliamentary army against Charles I. He later ruled England as a dictator until his death in 1658.

46.The Restoration- When Parliament and England restored the monarchy to rule England in 1660.

47. The Glorious Revolution- The changing/switching of the English monarchs (from James I to William and Mary) without bloodshed or shots being fired in 1688.

48. Limited Monarchy- England’s Parliament wrote a new “Bill of Rights” that included limiting the monarch’s powers in 1688. 49. habeas corpus- phrase/law that says “no person may be held in prison without being charged with a crime.”

authors of the Declaration of Independence, Constitution

Enlightenment thinkers and their ideas, 3 branches of government



Unit 2 test on Africa
Due Date: 9/28/2017
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

Unit 2 Study guide: will be Thursday, Sept. 28, 2017

Colonization in Africa and Asia and Slavery

students need to know the following for ther unit 2 test on Africa:

1.                 Caboceer

2.                 Maroon

3.                 Abolition

4.                 The Middle Passage

5.                 Triangular Trade

6.                 Mercantilism

7.                 King Alphonso

8.                 Queen Nzinga

9.                 The Amistad

10.            African Diaspora

11.            Griot, Gullah, geechee

12.            Indentured servants

13.            Toussant L’ Overture

14-16

Short answer/essay-answer the following questions with a well written response:

14.            How did the Portuguese and European countries gain control of the African slave trade? Explain-

15.            Why did Native Americans NOT make good slaves?

16.            Explain Triangular Trade, the continents involved, which continents benefitted the most/least and why:

17.             Discuss at least 3 ways, people, instances of people that fought back against slavery and the outcomes of those that rebelled/fought back

Students will need to know the following, in addition to information viewed on the animated classic on  Harriet Tubman:

1.Bullion-

2. mercantilism-

3. capitalism-

4. indentured servants-

5. Native Americans, slaves-indigenous-

6. Missionaries-converts-

7. Columbian Exchange-(good and bad)-Triangular trade-

8. Portugal, Africa, and Gold/West Coast-

9. Native Americans-where did the FIRST Americans come from? How? When?

10. Francisco Pizarro-Atahualpa, Incas-

11. Hernan Cortes- Aztecs, Montezuma II-

12..What continents were part of the Triangular Trade/Columbian Exchange?

13.Where were most enslaved Africans taken to/from?

 

14.    What was the primary cargo of the “Middle Passage”?

15.    Caboceers-

16.    Maroons-

17.    King Alphonzo/alfonso-

18.    Queen Nzinga-

19.    Amistad-

20.    Additional notes:

 



Exploration project booklet
Due Date: 9/8/2017
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

Unit One Foldables/Booklet/Brochure Project-due Friday, September 8th-mandatory-counts as test grade:Requirements: (make it colorful and creative)

1.        Definitions of major explorers/people: pgs. 52—92-text book

a.      Prince Henry the Navigator

b.      Bartholomeu Dias

c.       Vasco da Gama

d.      Christopher Columbus

e. Ferdinand Magellan

f. Jacques Cartier

g. Amerigo Vespucci

h. James Cook

i. John Cabot

j. Pedro Alvares Cabral

k. Giovanni da Verrazanoa

chart of explorers pg. 76-Henry Hudson

Hernan Cortes, Francisco Pizarro

l. conquistadors, compass, astrolabe, ships, Christian cross symbols, gold, gems, silver, diamonds

M. TIMELINE FROM PGS 52-53change

N. Columbian Exchange/Triangular Trade-pg. 84

O. Middle Passage

TITLE, NAME ON COVER-period#



World Map quiz
Due Date: 8/31/2017
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

Students will have their first quiz based on a world map that we labeled with an atlas on the first week of school.



2017 final exam study guide
Due Date: 5/19/2017
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

2016-2017 Social Studies

Final Exam Study Guide

 

Standard 7-1: The student   will demonstrate an understanding of the growth and impact of global trade on   world civilizations after 1600.

 

1.       Why did Europe establish colonies? Europeans searched for 3 main reasons: they wanted the glory of being well-known, raw materials and treasure (gold). Colonists also to spread Christianity (God).

 

2.       Which European countries dominated trade during the 15th century and sought to gain more wealth through forming colonies? Portugal, Spain, France, Netherlands (Dutch), England (Hint: PSFNE)

 

3.       Which Italian explorer claimed land in the “New world” for Spain?

Christopher Columbus born in Italy (financed by Spain-1492)

 

4.       Where did the British, French, and Spanish establish colonies in the New World?

(Spanish) – Parts of Florida, Caribbean, and Latin America.

(English) - All down north and south east coast, trading post (13 Colonies)

(French) –Established colonies in Canada and down the Mississippi River Valley

 

5.       What was the primary cargo of “The Middle Passage”? African slaves (from West Africa).

 

6.       What is “Mercantilism”? economic system in which nations acquire wealth by gaining bullion, raw materials, establishing colonies, new markets, people/labor to work for their mother country.

 

7.       What is “capitalism” and how did the European economy encourage capitalism during the Age of Exploration?

Capitalism a free market that allows individuals to build their own businesses. Instead of the old system of feudalism which relied on the king, individuals could form companies, leading to a new middle class.

 

8.       What was the “Columbian Exchange”? The global movement of goods, ideas, people, and diseases from Europe to the New World (North and South America).

 

Standard 7-2: The student   will demonstrate an understanding of the concepts of limited and unlimited   government as they functioned in Europe in the 17th and 18th   centuries.

 

9.       What does “absolutism” mean? Leaders have absolute, unlimited power-kings/queens have unlimited and total power over their country/people.

 

10.   What is “divine right”? The belief that monarchs got their right to rule from God.

 

11.   The belief that reason could be used to solve society’s problems was a characteristic of what movement? Enlightenment/rationalism (The Age of Reason)

 

12.   Which monarch was nicknamed France’s “Sun King”? Did he have limited power or unlimited? Louis XIV and he had unlimited power because he ruled France for 72 years and built a huge palace at Versailles (Over 700 rooms).

 

13.   Explain the different ideas of Enlightenment thinkers and how those ideas influenced our government.

A) John Locke-natural rights-life, liberty, property

B) Montesquieu- came up with the idea of 3 branches of government/separation of powers

C) Thomas Jefferson took Locke’s ideas and incorporated them into the Declaration of Independence (pursuit of happiness).

 

14.   What does a constitution mean/do? A constitution is a document that defines the power and limits of government.

 

Scientific Revolution

 

15.   In 1632, the Roman Catholic Church condemned the ideas of what Italian scientist?

Galileo Galilei -for stating that the Sun, not the earth, was the center of the universe (heliocentric)

 

16.   Explain the major changes in thinking the Scientific Revolution brought about.

The revolution used reason and observation to explain things with the world, including: a sun-centered universe, gravity, the movement of the planets, and the development of the microscope and telescope.

 

17.   What were the major contributions of Copernicus, Newton, Descartes, and Bacon?

Copernicus – Came up with “heliocentric” (sun-centered) theory but did not publish his ideas.

Newton – Invented calculus and responsible for idea of gravity.

Descartes – Father of “rationalism” believed all knowledge is based on reason.

Bacon – Came up with an orderly way of solving problems (Scientific Method)

 

Standard 7-3: The student   will demonstrate an understanding of independence movements that occurred   throughout the world from 1770 through 1900.

 

French Revolution

 

18.   List the reasons/events that caused the French Revolution.

·         The Third Estate of France paid 100% of the taxes (unfair tax burden)

·         The ideas of the Enlightenment that people should be able to rule themselves

·         High prices for food, people were starving, monarchy was wasting money,

·         Storming of the Bastille started French Revolution (July 14, 1789)

 

19.   What was the violent period of the French Revolution when thousands of people were executed called? The Reign of Terror (Led by Maximillien Robespierre)

 

20.   Who crowned himself the emperor of France but suffered a major defeat in Russia due to the harsh weather? Napoleon Bonaparte

 

Nationalism

 

21.   What is “nationalism”? Pride/identification with others in your country based on customs and culture.

 

22.   What did Otto von Bismarck say would unite the German states?“Blood and Iron” (Militarism)

 

Latin America

 

23.   Where did the first Latin American independence movement take place and who led it?

In 1804, Toussaint L’Ouverture led the first successful slave revolt in Haiti.

 

  1. Identify the      general who led independence movements throughout South America and is      nicknamed the “George Washington of South America”? Simon Bolivar

 

Industrial Revolution

 

25.   What is industrialization? Use of machines instead of people, animals to do work.

 

26.   Where did the Industrial Revolution begin? Britain/textile (woven cloth) industry

 

27.   Name 5 important inventions of the Industrial Revolution: Cotton gin, spinning Jenny, Flying Shuttle, seed drill, steam engine-James Watt, telegraph, telephone, (Graham-Bell, Morse, ,Edison)

 

Imperialism

 

28.   Define” Imperialism”: When nations take over (bully) regions/other countries for raw materials, markets, capital, land.

 

  1. Reasons for Imperialism: so colonies could be established new markets, raw      materials, more labor

 

  1. What caused the Spanish-American War? Sinking of the USS Maine, yellow journalism

 

31.   How did different groups in Africa, Asia, and Oceania resist imperialism?

·   Africa – Zulu War (Took place in South Africa. Zulus lost territory in South Africa).

·   India (Asia) – Sepoy Rebellion (Sepoy soldiers mutinied and were blown up by British soldiers or thrown in prison).

·   China (Asia) -Boxer Rebellion – (Chinese natives formed the “Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists” to fight back against European imperialists).

 

           

   
   

Standard 7-4: The     student will demonstrate an understanding of the causes and effects of     world conflicts in the first half of the twentieth century.

   
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

World War I

32.   What were the 4 main causes of WWI? MAIN-militarism, alliances, imperialism. nationalism

 

33.   Who was Archduke Franz Ferdinand? What happened to him? - The event that started World War One was the assassination of Austria-Hungary’s archduke and his wife Sophie on June 28, 1914.

 

34.   What were the new weapons of WWI? Submarines, tanks, airplanes, toxic/poison gas, huge cannons, trench warfare, machine guns, diseases

 

35.   U.S. declared war on Germany in 1917 because: German u boats/submarines kept sinking US ships without warning.

 

36.   What agreement officially ended WWI? Treaty of Versailles-signed June 28, 1919

 

  1. Which U.S. president created the New Deal was the only      President elected to 4 terms? Franklin D.      Roosevelt

 

World War II

 

38.   Identify Neville Chamberlain and explain his role in WWII – prime minister of England before WWII-(appeased Hitler, gave in to him taking land)

 

39.   Identify Winston Churchill and explain his role in WWII – prime minister of England during WWII-(Britain never surrendered to Germany)”England shall never surrender!!”

 

40.   Define “Totalitarianism”- Government has total control of the lives of its people, all facets of all peoples' lives

 

41.   Identify Joseph Stalin and explain his role in WWII- Soviet Union dictator during WWII, beginning of Cold War.

 

42.   Identify Adolf Hitler and explain his role in WWII -dictator of Germany, Nazi leader caused WWII, Holocaust

 

43.   Identify Benito Mussolini and explain his role in WWII – Italian dictator during WWII. Followed by the Black Shirts and was killed May 28, 1945

 

44.   What event started WWII? September, 1939 - Hitler invaded Poland, breaking the Munich Pact

 

45.   What caused the USA to enter WWII? December 7, 1941- Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.

 

46.   What countries made up the ALLIES? USA, Britain, France, USSR/Soviet Union

 

47.   What countries made up the AXIS powers? Germany, Italy, Japan

 

48.   What two cities did the USA drop atomic bombs on? Hiroshima and Nagasaki

 

           

   
   

Standard 7-5: The     student will demonstrate an understanding of international developments     during the Cold War era.

   
   

 

 

 

 

 

Cold War

 

49.   What 2 programs helped Europe recover after WWII?

 

A) Truman Doctrine   - promise of a USA president to help any country who was trying to stop the spread of Communism

 

B) Marshall Plan-13 Billion sent from the USA to European countries to help them after WWII, and to keep them from turning to communism

50. Explain why Harry Truman was important during the Cold War-Vice-president for Franklin Roosevelt. Became President on April 12, 1945 and had to make the tough decisions on how to defeat Germany, then dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, because Japan refused to surrender.

51. Define Truman Doctrine - promise by US president to help any country to try and stop the spread of Communism.

 

52. Explain why Mikhail Gorbachev was important during the Cold War- leader of Soviet Union, who helped end the Cold War, tore down the Berlin Wall; released Eastern European Countries from Soviet/Communist control.

 

53. Why did the USA send troops to both Korea and Vietnam? To contain communism (keep it from spreading) to other countries

 

           

   
   

Standard 7-6: The     student will demonstrate an understanding of the significant political,     economic, geographic, scientific, technological, and cultural changes as     well as the advancements that have taken place throughout the world from     the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 to the present day.

   
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

54. Mohandas Gandhi- led India to independence in 1947 from Britain, assassinated in 1948

 

55. What is apartheid? Keeping races “apart”. Practiced in South Africa and based on separation. Nelson Mandela fought against it and went to prison.

 

56. Nelson Mandela-imprisoned for speaking against Apartheid, later elected as South Africa’s first black African leader

 

57. Martin Luther King, Jr. - used Gandhi’s ideas of peaceful nonviolent resistance to achieve goals of change/civil rights. He began the civil rights movement in 1955 with Rosa Parks. He also was struck down by an assassin in April, 1968.

 

58. What is terrorism and where have terrorist attacks taken place? When people use bombs, murder to kill innocent people and everywhere on earth, USA

59. Osama Bin Laden-terrorist from Saudi Arabia, responsible for Al-Qaeda, 9/11/01 Trade center attacks-found in Pakistan, shot and killed by Navy Seals Special Forces

60. What has been the negative impact of technology? Children aren’t learning traditional ways to research, use libraries, social media has been causing many issues, and cell phones are problem in schools and the latest target of thieves (hackers).



Cold War test
Due Date: 3/31/2017
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

Students will have a test on Friday, March 31 after completing two study guides and numerous definitions on the following people,terms, and events of the Cold War Era:

Unit 13-The Cold War test study guide: (notes on board)

1.     Germany was divided and occupied after WWII into:

a.      East Germany-Communist/controlled by Soviet Union

b.     West Germany-democratic-supported by USA and democratic European Nations

c.      Berlin-capital of Germany, also divided into East/West Berlin

 

2.     The Marshall Plan- The USA’s plan/gift of money/economic aid ( 13$ billion) to European countries post-WWII to keep countries from turning to Communism (instead of democracy). It helped Europe recover after WWII.

3.     The Cold War- timer period from 1945-1990's (approximately 50 years) of an arms race (massive military buildup) between the USA and the Soviet Union (USA won) because the Soviet Union broke apart and communism failed in eastern Europe and the Soviet Union.

4.     Communism-type of government in which the gov’t. controls everything-there is no freedom of choice, as in a democracy.

5.     The USA fought two wars after WWII to stop the spread of communism: a) Korea b) Vietnam

6.     China-the most populous country, became a communist gov’t in 1949 and still is.

7.     The Truman Doctrine- pledged that the USA would help any country with economic aid/military aid to prevent the spread of communism.

8.     The most important symbol of the Cold War was the Berlin Wall; built in 1961 and torn down in 1989.

9.     Policy of containment- USA’s policy of using money and or war to prevent the spread of communism

10.  The “Iron Curtain” –Winston Churchill’s coined phrase describing the dominance of the Soviet

11.  Union and communism in eastern Europe.

12.  Communism-type of government in which the gov’t. controls everything-there is no freedom of choice, as in a democracy.

13.  The USA fought two wars after WWII to stop the spread of communism: a) Korea b) Vietnam

14 . China-the most populous country, became a communist gov’t in 1949 and still is.

15  The Truman Doctrine- pledged that the USA would help any country with economic aid/military

  aid to prevent the spread of communism.

16.  The most important symbol of the Cold War was the Berlin Wall; built in 1961 and torn down in 1989.

17.  Policy of containment- USA’s policy of using money and or war to prevent the spread of communism

18.  The “Iron Curtain” –Winston Churchill’s coined phrase describing the dominance of the Soviet

 Union and communism in Eastern Europe.

19.   United Nations- organization that tries to keep world peace and it replaced the League of Nations

20.  Truman Doctrine   - promise of a USA president to help any country who was trying to stop the spread of   Communism

21.  Marshall Plan-13 Billion sent from the USA to European countries to help them after WWII, and to keep them from turning to communism

22.  NATO- military alliance of democratic nations (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)

23.  Warsaw Pact-military alliance of communist nations

24.  Iron Curtain- description of the Eastern European communist countries, phrase coined by prime minister Winston Churchill

25.  domino theory- the idea that if one country (in Asia) fell to communism, other countries would fall to

26.  Berlin Airlift- when Truman and the USA used airplanes to drop supplies and food to save the people in West Berlin, West Germany

27.  Cuban Missile Crisis-occurred 1962-between USA and the Soviet Union; when the USSR tried to send nuclear weapons via ship to Cuba.



unit 13 retest-open notes WWII
Due Date: 3/16/2017
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

Students will all be required to take an open notes test using study guides, hand outs, text book, and red work book assignments and vocabulary in order to prove mastery of World War Two standards. Students will be given this test and must work on it only in class on Tuesday-Thursday, March 14-16. Students will be graded on items completed and that arre correct.



WWII POWER POINT
Due Date: 3/13/2017
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

students were given a rubric with 28 people,events, battles and major concepts covering World War Two. Students worked on these in class for 3 days (or more) using school lap tops and the internet. Students who were absent or simply did not complete the power point may visit the library and email it to me at my school email before Monday, March 20th for credit. Students may go to the library during their recess time in order to finish, complete, or make up the project. Students can also work on it for home and their local library and email it to me before Monday, March 20th--in order to get credit. Students were also given opportunities to get/gain extra credit points by going above and beyond the required rubric. For example, find and include INTERESTING WWII  facts,etc.

WWII POWER POINT OF EVENTS AND Noteworthy People

1.    Adolf Hitler

2.    Winston Churchill

3.    Joseph Stalin

4.    Neville Chamberlain

5.    Benito Mussolini

6.    Anne Frank

7.    Franklin Delano Roosevelt

8.    Hideki Tojo

9.    Emperor Hirohito

10.Dwight D. Eisenhower

11.Harry Truman

12.Douglas MacArthur—Pacific

13.Eleanor Roosevelt

14. Pearl Harbor

15.Invasion of Normandy, France

16. Battle of Midway

17.Rosie the Riveter

18. Chang Kai-Shek--China

19.George S. Patton and fake army

20.Oskar Schindler--Germany

21. WAFS

22. WASPS

23.WAVES

24.KAMIKAZE

25. HIROSHIMA

26.NAGASAKI

27.HOLOCAUST

28.(OTHER EXTRA CREDIT-ASSASSINATION ATTEMPTS ON HITLER, ANYTHING INTERESTING ABOUT WWII



WWII and Holocaust quiz Friday March 3, 2017
Due Date: 3/3/2017
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

Holocaust/ WWII  study guide

1. Allies- USA, Britain, France, USSR/Soviet Union/Russia

2. Axis Powers- Germany, Italy, Japan

3. Holocaust- Hitler’s program of genocide that killed 6-12 million Jews and non-Jews all over Europe.

4. Neville Chamberlain- Prime Minister of Britain at the beginning of WWII who said “We have peace in our time”.

5. Winston Churchill- Prime minister of Britain during WWII, who said “Britain shall never surrender!”

6. Pearl Harbor Sunday, Dec. 7, 1941-Japan’s surprise attack in Hawaii that brought the USA into WWII.

7. Adolf Hitler- Nazi dictator of Germany during WWII>

8. Joseph Stalin- Communist dictator of USSR/Soviet Union/Russia

9. Benito Mussolini- Fascist dictator of Italy

10. Franklin Delano Roosevelt-only President of the USA elected 4 terms, brought USA out of the Great Depression and WWII.

Unit 12 study guide continued-

Matching-

11. September, 1939-when WWII started, because Hitler invaded Poland, breaking the Munich Pact.

12. December 7, 1941-when Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, causing the USA to enter into WWII.

13. June 6, 1944-D-Day invasion at Normandy, France (major changing point of WWII), to attack the German forces.

14. April, 1945-(12th-FDR dies), (28th-Mussolini shot/‘strung up’/killed in Milan), 30th- Hitler commits suicide in Berlin bunker-body burned.

15. August, 1945-two atomic bombs dropped on Japan, ending WWII, because Japan refused to surrender.

Multiple choice-

16. When did France and Britain declare war on Germany? September, 1939-when WWII started, because Hitler invaded Poland, breaking the Munich Pact

17. What was the major turning point of WWII? Allied invasion at Normandy Beach, June 6, 1944

18. 3 characteristics of postwar Japan: became democratic, ran by general Douglas Mac Arthur, women could vote.

19. One major reason why the Holocaust occurred: Hitler blamed the German Jews for their economic problems after WWI

20. Where did the Holocaust/genocide occur? Europe, at the hands of Germans against Jews

21. What event caused the USA to enter WWII? Pearl Harbor being attacked by Japan

22. Purpose of D-Day? To attack Germans-force them out of France, etc

Unit 12 Holocaust/Rise of Dictators/WWII Study guide-

1.      Holocaust-the intentional killing of Jews, During this time, violence against Jews increased. Other undesirable classes (such as Romanian Gypsies, homosexuals, handicapped, and anyone who was sympathetic to these people) were also targeted. Soon, people were segregated into ghettos and later forced labor camps (concentration)

2.      USSR-Union of Soviet Socialist Republics- Russia became-(communist)1922-mid-1990’s

3.      Joseph Stalin-communist leader/dictator of the Soviet Union (30 million) murdered

4.      Benito Mussolini-Fascist dictator of Italy before/during WWII

5.      Adolf Hitler- born in Austria, became Nazi dictator of Germany 1933-1945 (ordered 6-12 million)

6.      Anti-semitism-hatred, prejudice of Jewish people.

7.      Genocide-the purpose and intentional killing/murdering of an entire race, group (religious, physically disabled, mentally ill, etc.)

8.      Totalitarianism governments- governments that have TOTAL control over their people. Examples: a)dictators, absolute monarchs, unlimited power

b) communist countries and their leaders: Soviet Union/Russia/USSR (Stalin)other communist countries-China, Cuba, North Korea

C)Fascism-Italy (Benito Mussolini)

D) Nazism-Germany (Adolf Hitler)

E) Japan-military/martial law (Hideki Tojo) (Emperor Hirohito)

9. Adolf Hitler’s autobiography- Mein Kampf-means “My Struggle” about his plan to rule the world and rid the planet of Jewish people.

10. Nuremberg Trials-trials after WWII of German soldiers/leaders for “Crimes against humanity.”



World War One Project
Due Date: 2/3/2017
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

Name _________________________________________________________________

WWI Project rubric for booklet, pamphlet, brochure, foldable-due Friday, February 3, 2017

You will need be able to create, draw explain the following terms, pictures, ideas, terms, maps

·         Four underlying causes of WWI(MAIN)-chart on pg. 253

·         What are military alliances and how did they affect WWI?-254-255

·         The “spark” that started WWI.pg. 257-who,when,what,where,how

·         What countries were on the side of the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente (pg. 255)-what did each side later become known as and what were the major countries on each side? Central Powers vs. ALLIES-pgs. 257-258

·         Trench warfare-draw, describe-pg. 258,260

·         the US into the war-what events caused the USA to enter into WWI? Pg. 262

·         Ways that WWI was different than previous wars

·         Some of the new technologies/warfare used in WWI-pg. 259-chart,draw weapons, copy chart

·         What was The Fourteen Points? Pg. 267

·         Dates of WWI-timelines-pg. 262

·         How people supported the war effort at home

·         Major conditions of the Treaty of Versailles in regards to Germany.-pg. 267, chart pg.n268

·         Problems with the League of Nations –pg. 267-chart on strengths and weaknesses-pg. 269

·         Some effects of the Russian Revolution-pgs. 272-275-Civil war, Czar and the royal family, Lenin, Trotsky

·         World war One military deaths chart-pg. 266

·         The Big Four-pg. 266, 268

·         Key terms to also include-armistice, genocide, reparations, blockade, conscription

·         Maps-pg. 254-Europe before the war, pg. 265-Europe after the war



REAL mid term study guide 2017
Due Date: 1/11/2017
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

2016-2017 Social Studies Mid-Term Study Guide

 

Standard 7-1: The student   will demonstrate an understanding of the growth and impact of global trade on   world civilizations after 1600.

 

1.       Why did Europe establish colonies? Europeans searched for 3 main reasons: they wanted the glory of being well-known, raw materials and treasure (gold). Colonists also to spread Christianity (God).

 

2.       Which European countries dominated trade during the 15th century and sought to gain more wealth through forming colonies? Portugal, Spain, France, Netherlands (Dutch), England (Hint: PSFNE)

 

3.       Name at least 3 Inventions that made early exploration possible. Astrolabe (Europeans learned about astrolabe from Arab traders along the Silk Road), compass, rudder, lateen sail, caravel.

 

4.       Which Italian explorer claimed land in the “New world” for Spain?

Christopher Columbus born in Italy (financed by Spain-1492)

 

5.       Which 3 European countries had different types of colonies in the Americas, Caribbean (The New World)? England, France, Spain

 

6.       Explain the difference between the types of colonies established by the British, French, and Spanish.

(Spanish) –Plantation colonies-in the Florida, Caribbean, and Latin America.

(English) - Settler colonies -all down north and south east coast, trading post (13 Colonies)

(French) –Established colonies in Canada. Had the best trading relationship with Native Americans.

 

7.       What is “Mercantilism”? economic system in which nations acquire wealth by gaining bullion, raw materials, establishing colonies, new markets, people/labor to work for their mother country.

 

8.       What continents were included in the Triangular Trade?

Europe ($), Africa, and the Americas (North and South America)

 

9.       What is “capitalism” and how did the European economy encourage capitalism during the Age of Exploration?

Capitalism a free market that allows individuals to build their own businesses. Instead of the old system of feudalism which relied on the king, individuals could form companies, leading to a new middle class.

 

10.   What was the primary cargo of “The Middle Passage”? African slaves (from West Africa).

 

11.   In what ways did Africans fight being placed into slavery? They took over slave ships, fought Europeans in Africa, asked the Pope for help.

 

12.   What policy did China and Japan follow as a result of their dislike of the Europeans?Isolationism

 

Standard 7-2: The student   will demonstrate an understanding of the concepts of limited and unlimited   government as they functioned in Europe in the 17th and 18th   centuries.

 

13.   What does “absolutism” mean? Leaders have absolute, unlimited power-kings/queens have unlimited and total power over their country/people.

 

14.   What is “divine right”? The belief that monarchs got their right to rule from God.

 

15.   Who was the general who led Parliament’s soldiers during the English Civil War and overthrew/beheaded Charles I? Oliver Cromwell

 

16.   The belief that reason could be used to solve society’s problems was a characteristic of what movement? Enlightenment/rationalism (The Age of Reason)

 

17.   Which monarch was nicknamed France’s “Sun King”? Did he have limited power or unlimited? Louis XIV and he had unlimited power because he ruled France for 72 years and built a huge palace at Versailles (Over 700 rooms).

 

18.   Explain the different ideas of Enlightenment thinkers and how those ideas influenced our government.

A) John Locke-natural rights-life, liberty, property

B) Montesquieu- came up with the idea of 3 branches of government/separation of powers

C) Thomas Jefferson took Locke’s ideas and incorporated them into the Declaration of Independence (pursuit of happiness).

 

19.   What does a constitution mean/do? A constitution is a document that defines the power and limits of government.

 

Scientific Revolution

 

20.   In 1632, the Roman Catholic Church condemned the ideas of what Italian scientist?

Galileo Galilei -for stating that the Sun, not the earth, was the center of the universe (heliocentric)

 

21.   Explain the major changes in thinking the Scientific Revolution brought about.

The revolution used reason and observation to explain things with the world, including: a sun-centered universe, gravity, the movement of the planets, and the development of the microscope and telescope.

 

22.   What were the major contributions of Copernicus, Newton, Descartes, and Bacon?

Copernicus – Came up with “heliocentric” (sun-centered) theory but did not publish his ideas.

Newton – Invented calculus and responsible for idea of gravity.

Descartes – Father of “rationalism” believed all knowledge is based on reason.

Bacon – Came up with an orderly way of solving problems (Scientific Method)

 

Standard 7-3: The student   will demonstrate an understanding of independence movements that occurred   throughout the world from 1770 through 1900.

 

French Revolution

 

23.   List the reasons/events that caused the French Revolution.

·         The Third Estate of France paid 100% of the taxes (unfair tax burden)

·         The ideas of the Enlightenment that people should be able to rule themselves

·         High prices for food, people were starving, monarchy was wasting money,

·         Storming of the Bastille started French Revolution (July 14, 1789)

 

24.   What device was used during the French Revolution/the Reign of Terror to end the lives of thousands of people? Guillotine

 

25.   What was the violent period of the French Revolution when thousands of people were executed called? The Reign of Terror (Led by Maximillien Robespierre)

 

26.   Who crowned himself the emperor of France but suffered a major defeat in Russia due to the harsh weather? Napoleon Bonaparte

 

Nationalism

 

27.   What is “nationalism”? Pride/identification with others in your country based on customs and culture.

 

28.   What did Bismarck say would unite the German states?“Blood and Iron” (Militarism)

 

29.   Leaders such as Giuseppe Garibaldi and Camilio Cavour used “guerrilla warfare” to defeat foreigners in Italy. What is guerrilla warfare? A style of fighting that involves hit-and-run attacks that surprise an enemy.

 

Latin America

 

30.   How was Latin Americas social order arranged?

Peninsulares“Pure” – 100% Europeans that migrated from Spain and Portugal to the New World.

CreolesChildren of Spanish and Portuguese but born in the Americas.

Mestizos; mulattos; Slaves: - (Newer generation) Europeans mixed with Africans and Native Americans

 

  1. Identify the      general who led independence movements throughout South America and is      nicknamed the “George Washington of South America”? Simon Bolivar

 

  1. How did      Miguel Hidalgo and Toussaint L’Ouverture contribute to Latin American      independence movements? Toussaint started      a slave revolt in Haiti in opposition to France (1804). Father Miguel was a Mexican priest who      led creoles against Spanish forces.

 

Industrial Revolution

 

33.   What is industrialization? Use of machines instead of people, animals to do work.

 

34.   Where did the Industrial Revolution begin? Britain/textile (woven cloth) industry

 

35.   What were many results of the Industrial Revolution?

Urbanization, factory system, growth of cities (pollution), assembly lines, interchangeable parts

 

36.   Name 5 important inventions of the Industrial Revolution: Cotton gin, spinning Jenny, Flying Shuttle, seed drill, steam engine-James Watt, telegraph, telephone, (Graham-Bell, Morse, ,Edison)

 

37.   How did factory workers unite and try to get more pay, better working conditions, and more rights? Form labor unions and follow the teachings of Karl Marx (socialism – all society should own business and social classes should be eliminated).

 

Imperialism

 

38.   Define” Imperialism”: When nations take over regions/other countries for raw materials, markets, capital, land.

 

39.   How did different groups in Africa, Asia, and Oceania resist imperialism?

·   Africa Zulu War (Took place in South Africa. Zulus lost territory in South Africa).

·   India (Asia) Sepoy Rebellion (Sepoy soldiers mutinied and were blown up by British soldiers or thrown in prison).

·   China (Asia) -Boxer Rebellion – (Chinese natives formed the “Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists” to fight back against European imperialists).

 

Throwback Vocabulary:

 

Colonialism

 

Mercantilism

 

Absolutism

 

Enlightenment

Toussaint L’Ouverture (Haiti)

 

Export/ Import

 

Oceania

 

Parliament

 

Constitution

 

Industrialism

Capitalism

 

New Spain/

New France

Cavaliers/ Roundheads

Geocentric/

Heliocentric

Socialism/

Capitalism

 

Columbian Exchange

 

Bullion

 

Glorious Revolution

 

Estates

 

Urbanization

 

Middle Passage

 

Astrolabe

 

Monarch

 

Nationalism

 

Imperialism



Exam Study Guide (Mid term) January 11th
Due Date: 1/11/2017
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

 

2016-17-7th grade Social Studies Mid-Term Study Guide

 

 

 

Standard 7-1: The student   will demonstrate an understanding of the growth and impact of global trade on   world civilizations after 1600.

 

 

 

1.      Why did Europe establish colonies? Europeans searched for 3 main reasons: they wanted the glory of being well-known, raw materials and treasure (gold). Colonists also to spread Christianity (God).

 

 

 

2.      Which European countries dominated trade during the 15th century and sought to gain more wealth through forming colonies? Portugal, Spain, France, Netherlands (Dutch), England (Hint: PSFNE)

 

 

 

3.      Name at least 3 Inventions that made early exploration possible. Astrolabe (Europeans learned about astrolabe from Arab traders along the Silk Road), compass, rudder, lateen sail, caravel.

 

 

 

4.      Which Italian explorer claimed land in the “New world” for Spain?

 

Christopher Columbus born in Italy (financed by Spain-1492)

 

 

 

5.      Which 3 European countries had different types of colonies in the Americas, Caribbean (The New World)? England, France, Spain

 

 

 

6.      Explain the difference between the types of colonies established by the British, French, and Spanish.

 

(Spanish) –Plantation colonies-in the Florida, Caribbean, and Latin America.

 

(English) - Settler colonies -all down north and south east coast, trading post (13 Colonies)

 

(French) –Established colonies in Canada. Had the best trading relationship with Native Americans.

 

 

 

7.      What is “Mercantilism”? economic system in which nations acquire wealth by gaining bullion, raw materials, establishing colonies, new markets, people/labor to work for their mother country.

 

 

 

8.      What continents were included in the Triangular Trade?

 

Europe ($), Africa, and the Americas (North and South America)

 

 

 

9.      What is “capitalism” and how did the European economy encourage capitalism during the Age of Exploration?

 

Capitalism a free market that allows individuals to build their own businesses. Instead of the old system of feudalism which relied on the king, individuals could form companies, leading to a new middle class.

 

 

 

10.   What was the primary cargo of “The Middle Passage”? African slaves (from West Africa).

 

 

 

11.   In what ways did Africans fight being placed into slavery? They took over slave ships, fought Europeans in Africa, asked the pope for help.

 

 

 

12.   What policy did China and Japan follow as a result of their dislike of the Europeans? Isolationism

 

 

 

Standard 7-2: The student   will demonstrate an understanding of the concepts of limited and unlimited   government as they functioned in Europe in the 17th and 18th   centuries.

 

 

 

13.   What does “absolutism” mean? Leaders have absolute, unlimited power-kings/queens have unlimited and total power over their country/people.

 

 

 

14.   What is “divine right”? The belief that monarchs got their right to rule from God.

 

 

 

15.   Who was the general who led Parliament’s soldiers during the English Civil War and overthrew/beheaded Charles I? Oliver Cromwell

 

 

 

16.   The belief that reason could be used to solve society’s problems was a characteristic of what movement? Enlightenment/rationalism (The Age of Reason)

 

 

 

17.   Which monarch was nicknamed France’s “Sun King”? Did he have limited power or unlimited? Louis XIV and he had unlimited power because he ruled France for 72 years and built a huge palace at Versailles (Over 700 rooms).

 

 

 

18.   Explain the different ideas of Enlightenment thinkers and how those ideas influenced our government.

 

A) John Locke-natural rights-life, liberty, property

 

B) Montesquieu- came up with the idea of 3 branches of government/separation of powers

 

C) Thomas Jefferson took Locke’s ideas and incorporated them into the Declaration of Independence (pursuit of happiness).

 

 

 

19.   What does a constitution mean/do? A constitution is a document that defines the power and limits of government.

 

 

 

Scientific Revolution

 

 

 

20.   In 1632, the Roman Catholic Church condemned the ideas of what Italian scientist?

 

Galileo Galilei -for stating that the Sun, not the earth, was the center of the universe (heliocentric)

 

 

 

21.   Explain the major changes in thinking the Scientific Revolution brought about.

 

The revolution used reason and observation to explain things with the world, including: a sun-centered universe, gravity, the movement of the planets, and the development of the microscope and telescope.

 

 

 

22.   What were the major contributions of Copernicus, Newton, Descartes, and Bacon?

 

Copernicus – Came up with “heliocentric” (sun-centered) theory but did not publish his ideas.

 

Newton – Invented calculus and responsible for idea of gravity.

 

Descartes – Father of “rationalism” believed all knowledge is based on reason.

 

Bacon – Came up with an orderly way of solving problems (Scientific Method)

 

 

 

Standard 7-3: The student   will demonstrate an understanding of independence movements that occurred   throughout the world from 1770 through 1900.

 

 

 

French Revolution

 

 

 

23.   List the reasons/events that caused the French Revolution.

 

·        The Third Estate of France paid 100% of the taxes (unfair tax burden)

 

·        The ideas of the Enlightenment that people should be able to rule themselves

 

·        High prices for food, people were starving, monarchy was wasting money,

 

·        Storming of the Bastille started French Revolution (July 14, 1789)

 

 

 

24.   What device was used during the French Revolution/the Reign of Terror to end the lives of thousands of people? Guillotine

 

 

 

25.   What was the violent period of the French Revolution when thousands of people were executed called? The Reign of Terror (Led by Maximillien Robespierre)

 

 

 

26.   Who crowned himself the emperor of France but suffered a major defeat in Russia due to the harsh weather? Napoleon Bonaparte

 

 

 

Nationalism

 

 

 

27.   What is “nationalism”? Pride/identification with others in your country based on customs and culture.

 

 

 

28.   What did Bismarck say would unite the German states?“Blood and Iron” (Militarism)

 

 

 

29.   Leaders such as Giuseppe Garibaldi and Camilio Cavour used “guerrilla warfare” to defeat foreigners in Italy. What is guerrilla warfare? A style of fighting that involves hit-and-run attacks that surprise an enemy.

 

 

 

Latin America

 

 

 

30.   How was Latin Americas social order arranged?

 

Peninsulares – “Pure” – 100% Europeans that migrated from Spain and Portugal to the New World.

 

Creoles – Children of Spanish and Portuguese but born in the Americas.

 

Mestizos; mulattos; Slaves: - (Newer generation) Europeans mixed with Africans and Native Americans

 

 

 

  1. Identify the      general who led independence movements throughout South America and is      nicknamed the “George Washington of South America”? Simon Bolivar

 

 

 

  1. How did      Miguel Hidalgo and Toussaint L’Ouverture contribute to Latin American      independence movements? Toussaint started a slave      revolt in Haiti in opposition to France (1804). Father Miguel was a Mexican priest who      led creoles against Spanish forces.

 

 

 

Industrial Revolution

 

 

 

33.   What is industrialization? Use of machines instead of people, animals to do work.

 

 

 

34.   Where did the Industrial Revolution begin? Britain/textile (woven cloth) industry

 

 

 

35.   What were many results of the Industrial Revolution?

 

Urbanization, factory system, growth of cities (pollution), assembly lines, interchangeable parts

 

 

 

36.   Name 5 important inventions of the Industrial Revolution: Cotton gin, spinning Jenny, Flying Shuttle, seed drill, steam engine-James Watt, telegraph, telephone, (Graham-Bell, Morse, ,Edison)

 

 

 

37.   How did factory workers unite and try to get more pay, better working conditions, and more rights? Form labor unions and follow the teachings of Karl Marx (socialism – all society should own business and social classes should be eliminated).

 

 

 

Imperialism

 

 

 

38.   Define” Imperialism”: When nations take over regions/other countries for raw materials, markets, capital, land.

 

 

 

39.   How did different groups in Africa, Asia, and Oceania resist imperialism?

 

·   Africa – Zulu War (Took place in South Africa. Zulus lost territory in South Africa).

 

·   India (Asia) – Sepoy Rebellion (Sepoy soldiers mutinied and were blown up by British soldiers or thrown in prison).

 

·   China (Asia) -Boxer Rebellion – (Chinese natives formed the “Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists” to fight back against European imperialists).

 

 

 

Throwback Vocabulary:

 

 

Colonialism

 

Mercantilism

 

Absolutism

 

Enlightenment

Toussaint L’Ouverture (Haiti)

 

Export/ Import

 

Oceania

 

Parliament

 

Constitution

 

Industrialism

Capitalism

 

New Spain/

New France

Cavaliers/ Roundheads

Geocentric/

Heliocentric

Socialism/

Capitalism

 

Columbian Exchange

 

Bullion

 

Glorious Revolution

 

Estates

 

Urbanization

 

Middle Passage

 

Astrolabe

 

Monarch

 

Nationalism

 

Imperialism

2016-17 7th Grade study guide:

 

1. Why did Europe establish colonies? 

 

 

 

2. Which European countries dominated trade during the 15th century and sought to gain more wealth through forming colonies? 

 

 

 

3. Name at least 3 Inventions that made early exploration possible. 

 

 

 

 

 

4. Which Italian explorer claimed land in the “New world” for Spain? 

 

 

 

5. Which 3 European countries had different types of colonies in the Americas, Caribbean (The New World)? 

 

 

 

6. Explain the difference between the types of colonies established by the British, French, and Spanish. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7. What is “Mercantilism”? 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8. What continents were included in the Triangular Trade?

 

 

 

 

 

9. What is “capitalism” and how did the European economy encourage capitalism during the Age of Exploration?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10. What was the primary cargo of “The Middle Passage”? 

 

 

 

11. In what ways did Africans fight being placed into slavery? 

 

 

 

 

 

12. What policy did China and Japan follow as a result of their dislike of the Europeans?

 

 

 

Standard 7-2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the concepts of limited and unlimited government as they functioned in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries.

 

 

 

13. What does “absolutism” mean? 

 

 

 

 

 

14. What is “divine right”?  

 

 

 

 

 

15. Who was the general who led Parliament’s soldiers during the English Civil War and overthrew/beheaded Charles I? 

 

Pg. 49 -

1.        Who was the first person to find the all-water route to Asia? (Portuguese explorer-Vasco da Gama)

2.        Which explorer claimed land in the “New world” for Spain? (Italian Christopher Columbus-financed by Spain)

3.        Who was given credit for being the first to circumnavigate the globe? Ferdinand Magellan

4.        Who was the English explorer who claimed the lands of Australia and New Zealand (for Britain)? Captain James Cook

5.        Inventions that made early exploration possible: astrolabe (Europeans learned about astrolabe from Arab traders along the Silk Road),compass,rudder,lateen sail,caravel,cartographers, *Prince Henry Navigator (Portugal)

6.        What happened to the Silk Road? Arab/Muslim traders took control of the Silk road/Constantinople-no longer making it safe-causing Europeans to search for a route via water (cross the Atlantic Ocean to find a shorter route to Asia)(Europeans wanted to reach the East/Asia by sailing west across the Atlantic.)

7.        What civilization invented gun powder, compass? China

8.        Where were most captured Africans taken from? Western Africa (largest forced migration in history)

9.        Who was the conquistador who conquered the Incas? Francisco Pizarro

10.     Who conquered the Aztecs/Montezuma II? Hernan Cortes

11.     Plantation colonies-in the south, settler colonies-all down north and south east coast, trading post colonies-French had the best trading relationship with Native Americans.

12.     The French traded all the way from Canada down the Mississippi River valley to New Orleans, Louisiana

13.     The English and Spanish enslaved Native Americans, tricked them, etc.

14.     Moluccas Islands (in Asia) also known as the “Spice Islands”

15.     Which 3 European countries had different types of colonies in the Americas, Caribbean? England, France, Spain

16.     Which South American country was/is dominated by the Portuguese? Brazil

17.     What did English settlers demand (they agreed upon this on the Mayflower?) the right to self-rule, self-government (because they did not agree with the monarchy of England).

18.     Columbian Exchange, Triangular Trade-involved Europe($), North and South America, Africa*, Middle Passage

19.     Queen Nzinga-rebelled/fought against slavery with Portuguese, King Alphonso-Ethiopia-wrote letter pleading to pope to help end slavery

20.     Which two Asian nations practiced isolationism (did not want to trade with) Europeans? China and Japan

21.     Mercantilism- economic system in which nations acquire wealth by gaining bullion, raw materials, establishing colonies

22.     Capitalism-economic system in which private citizens (not the government) owns and operates, invests in businesses.

23.     Socialism-when the government owns SOME aspects of businesses, etc. (examples-schools,hospitals)

24.     Communism-type of government in which the government controls and owns ALL means of production, severely limiting individual peoples’ rights.

 

25.     What does “absolutism” mean? Leaders have absolute, unlimited power

26.     What does a constitution mean/do? Document that limits each of the 3 branches of government-Judicial, Legislative, Executive. Who wrote the U.S. Constitution? James Madison (the oldest written constitution still used today)?

27.     Give an example of an “absolute or unlimited” type of government: monarchy-France, Russia **Divine Right-right to rule from God

28.     What 2 countries were united in the 1800’s? Italy and Germany

29.     What is “nationalism”? pride/identification with others/ in one’s country based on customs, language

30.     Who led the movement for Mexican Independence? Miguel Hidalgo

31.     Who led the South American Independence movement from Spain? Simon Bolivar (military leader)

32.     What general restored order to France and declared himself emperor? Napoleon Bonaparte

33.     What was the fate of Louis XVI/(The Sun King- Louis XIV-Versailles (palace)? Executed/beheaded, later—his wife Marie Antoinette

34.     What was the violent period of the French Revolution when thousands of people were executed called? The Reign of Terror (Led by Maximillien Robespierre-lawyer-Head of the Committee for Public Safety)

35.     The Third Estate of France was made up of: the Poor (who paid 100% of the taxes)*storming of the Bastille started French Revolution

36.     People fought the French and American Revolutions to free themselves from: the ruling of Kings (monarchies) which led to America and France becoming democracies

37.     What is “Divine Right”? God gave kings,queens the power/authority to rule

38.     Where did the Industrial Revolution begin? Britain/textile (cottage) industry-late 1700’s/18th Century(coal, iron, $/capital)

39. What were many results of the Industrial Revolution? Urbanization, factory system, growth of cities, assembly lines, interchangeable parts

40. Name 5 important inventions of the Industrial Revolution: Cotton gin, spinning Jenny, Flying Shuttle, seed drill, steam engine-James Watts,telegraph,telephone, (Graham-Bell, Morse, Fulton,Edison)

41. What is industrialization? Use of machines instead of people, animals to do work-The Industrial Revolution led to Imperialism(when stronger, wealthier nations took over, controlled less powerful countries)

42. Who was the general who led Parliament’s soldiers during the English Civil War and overthrew/beheaded Charles I?Oliver Cromwell; What was the Army which remained loyal to the King in the English Civil War called? Cavaliers

43. What scientist is most associated with the Law of Universal Gravitation? Isaac Newton-Francis Bacon came up with the Scientific Method

44. In 1632, The Roman Catholic Church condemned the ideas of what Italian scientist? Galilei Galileo-for stating that the Sun, not the earth, was the center of the universe; geocentric, *heliocentric

45. What crop is most associated with the start the slave trade in the Americas? Sugar-leading producer of sugar by 1600’s-Portugal

46. What Philosopher believed rulers should lead like a leviathan(strong ruler), with absolute authority? Thomas Hobbes

47. What was the first European nation to explore Africa, and then began to buy slaves from the Africans? Portugal

48. What term means taxes paid on foreign goods? Tariffs (taxes on imports/exports), know the difference between imports, exports, supply and demand

49. What industry was the first to use machines? Textile/cottage

50.What term means workers doing a small part of a job over and over, rather than the entire job? Division of labor, assembly line, interchangeable parts, Eli Whitney

 

51. A) John Locke-natural rights-life, liberty, property-B)Thomas Jefferson took Locke’s ideas and incorporated them into the Declaration of Independence(pursuit of happiness)

c)Montesquieu- philosopher who came up with the idea of 3 branches of government/separation of powers

52. The belief that reason could be used to solve society’s problems was a characteristic of what movement? Enlightenment/rationalism /using reason

53. Imperialism-when nations take over regions/other countries for raw materials, markets, capital, land

54. nationalism, Giuseppe Garibaldi-guerilla warfare-Camillo Cavour-Italy, Germany-Otto von Bismarck, Wilhelm I (Prussia)-both countries united from separate regions into nations in the 1800’s

55. Toussaint L’Ouverture-helped free Haiti from French rule/enslavement

 

PLUS/ADD-MAPS<MAPS<MAPS



Industrial Rev And Imperialism test
Due Date: 1/6/2017
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

The Following will  be on a test on Friday, Jan. 6, 2017:

Industrial Revolution” study guide-

1.     Where did the Industrial revolution occur first? Great Britain, then Germany, Japan, USA

2.     List 4 reasons why the Industrial Revolution started where it did: Great Britain had natural deposits of iron-ore, coal, was located near rivers(needed for water-powered machines).

3.     What were the first machines in the Industrial Revolution used to make? Textiles (clothing-formerly known as the “cottage” industry

4.     What source of power was used to run locomotives, paddle wheeled boats? steam

5.     What did factories have to be built near? Water, rivers, ponds, lakes

6.     Why did people burn coal? What was the burning of coal used for? Powered trains (locomotives,boats,ships)

7.     New inventions:

a.     James Watt-steam engine

b.     Henry Bessemer-faster method to create,bend steel

c.      Samuel Morse-telegraph/Morse code

d.     Eli Whitney-cotton gin, interchangeable parts (mass production, assembly lines)

e.      Thomas Edison- bulb, phono graph,motion picture camera,microphone light

f.       Alexander Graham Bell- telephone

Industrial Revolution vocabulary

  • industrializationthe shift by a country from farming      to industry as the main economic producer
  • urbanizationwhen people      began to move to towns and cities (urban areas) from the unpopulated      countryside (rural areas)
  • crop rotationalternating      the kind of crops grown in a field from year to year
  • cotton gina machine      that removes seeds from cotton
  • textile--cloth
  • cottage industrya business      that is run from one’s home
  • factorylarge      buildings where goods are made
  • patentlegal      document guaranteeing that the inventor has the right to make and sell the      new idea or product
  • interchangeable partsmachine      parts that are mass produced and identical as opposed to being hand-made
  • raw materiala natural      resource such as cotton or timber that can be used to make a product
  • entrepreneursomeone who      takes a financial risk by putting up money to start a business
  • economic systemthe way a      country produces and uses goods and services (how a country makes money)     

3 Types of Economic Systems

traditional economyan economic system that has very little change over time(used to be based on gold/silver)

command economywhere the government owns all the land, natural resources, and factories(communism)

market economypeople decide which goods and services they will buy. Works on the theory of supply and demand. AKA-CAPITALISM(USA)

  • demandthe amount      of a good or service that people want to buy
  • supplythe amount of a good or service      offered for sale
  • capitalisman economic      system where individuals invest money, or capital, in businesses (market      economy) (Adam Smith)
  • capitalmoney or wealth used in trade,      manufacturing, or business
  • laissez-fairewhen the      government does not become involved with the economyletting it happen
  • free enterprisean economic      system where people start and run their own businesses to make a profit      with little government interference
  • strikewhen      workers stop working to demand better wages or working conditions     
  • labor unionan      organized group of workers whose goal is good working conditions and fair treatment      by employers
  • socialismwhere the      government owns all industries and runs them for the benefit of all the      people
  • mass productionto produce      in quantity, usually by machines
  • assembly      linewhere a worker does the same job over and      over
  • steam      engine—an external combustion engine in      which fuel (coal, wood, etc.) is burned to heat water and convert it into      steam to drive a piston

 



Holocaust Essay
Due Date: 3/16/2016
Subject: 7th Grade Social Studies

Students will watch the movie "The Boy in Striped Pajamas" and turn in a one page essay on what they learned about the Holocaust and what else they want to know. Essays should include what questions they would ask survivors and victims of the Holocaust; what they would ask Nazi guards,commanders, and German citizens; what they would ask American concentration camp liberators. Students will earn a quiz grade by turning in a well written essay.