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Assignments - 6th Grade Social Studies(Archived)
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Greece week 2 vocab. quiz and content test
Due Date: 12/8/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Greece 2 Vocabulary Due December 8

1. acropolis- a high hill that many Greek cities were built around

2. direct democracy- form of government where all citizens participate

3. representative democracy- form of government where citizens elect officials to make decisions

4. mythology- body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works

5. Athena- goddess of wisdom in Ancient Greece, city of Athens is named after her

6.  Hercules- one of the most famous heroes, fought monsters and performed difficult tasks

7. Homer- early Greek poet who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey

8. Aesop- writer famous for his fables

9. fables- short stories that teach lessons about life or give advice on how to live

10. Achilles- great warrior who was killed when an arrow struck his heel



Ancient Greece week 1
Due Date: 12/1/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Greece week one due  11/27-12/1

http://quizlet.com/17114778/ancient-greece-flash-cards/

1. peninsula- a portion of land almost surrounded by water (on three sides)

2. Mediterranean Sea- important body of water between Europe, Asia, and Africa

3. Minoans- trading civilization that developed on the island of Crete

4. Mycenaeans- earliest Greek speaking civilization, developed on the Greek mainland and islands

5. Athens- most important city-state in ancient Greece, capital of Greece today

6. aristocrats- rich landowners, part of the upper social class

7. citizens- people who had the right to participate in government

8. representative democracy- form of government where citizens elect officials to make decisions

9. direct democracy- form of government where all citizens participate

10. acropolis- a high hill that many Greek cities were built around

 



Japan HW, quiz and test words
Due Date: 11/17/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Japan Vocabulary due 11/17/17

http://quizlet.com/19339731/medieval-japan-flash-cards/

1. clans- extended family

2. Shinto- traditional religion of Japan

3. lord- a person who has authority over others

4. shrine- a holy place

5. vassal-a noble who held land from and served a higher-ranking lord and in return was given protection

6. feudalism-political system based on bonds between lords and vassals

7. samurai- trained professional warriors

8. guilds- business group formed by craftspeople and merchants

9. daimyo- Japan’s large landowners

10. shogun- general who ruled Japan in the emperor’s name



River Valley Comparisons TEST
Due Date: 11/9/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

YOU DO NOT NEED TO WRITE THESE OR DO THE REGULAR ASSIGNMENT.  THERE WILL BE NOTHING TO HAND IN THIS WEEK!

YOU ONLY NEED TO REVIEW THESE FOR YOUR TEST THURSDAY THAT WILL COMPARE ALL FOUR RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS.  

 

http://quizlet.com/25805001 Mesopotamia

http://quizlet.com/_8orwt Ancient Egypt

 http://quizlet.com/_8tcsm Ancient India 

http://quizlet.com/_929l4 Ancient China  

Egypt and Mesopotamia Review Words

1. cataracts- strong rapids

2. delta- triangle-shaped area of land made of soil deposited by a river

3. pharaoh- title used by the rulers of Egypt

4. dynasty- series of rulers from the same family

5. mummies- specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth

6. pyramids- huge stone tombs with four triangle-shaped walls that met in a point on top

7. hieroglyphics- the Egyptian writing system

8. papyrus- a long lasting, paper- like material made from reeds

9. Rosetta Stone- a slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Greek, and a later form of Egyptian

10. sphinxes- imaginary creatures with bodies of lions and heads of other animals or humans

11. obelisk- a tall, four-sided pillar that is pointed on top

12. King Tutankhamen-  Egyptian pharaoh who was buried with many treasures

13.Surplus -  when there is more food than needed

14. Mesopotamia -region in SW Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, one of the  oldest civilizations

15.Hammurabi’s Code- a set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life

16. Fertile Crescent - a large area of rich, or fertile, farmland

17. Silt- a mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks

18. Polytheism -the worship of many gods

19. Social hierarchy- the division of society by rank or class

20.Cuneiform- the world’s first system of writing (Sumerian invention)

21.Ziggurat-  a pyramid-shaped temple tower

 

 

 

Indus Valley and China Review Words

22. subcontinent- large landmass that is part of a continent but separate because of physical features like mountains

23. monsoons- seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons

24. Indus - river where the Harappa Civilization developed in present day India and Pakistan

25. Aryans- group of invaders from Central Asia who settled in India

26. Sanskrit- the most important language of ancient India

27. Caste system- social group that people are born into and cannot change

28. Hinduism- largest religion in India, largest polytheistic religion in the world

29. reincarnation- process of rebirth

30. karma- the effects that good or bad actions have on a person’s soul- the consequences of how one live

31. Huang He (Yellow River)- flows from west to east almost 3,000 miles across northern China

32. oracle- prediction

33. lords- people of high rank

34. peasants- farmers, people of low rank

35. ethics- moral values

36. Confucianism- ideas of the most influential teacher in Chinese history, focused on good morals and relationships

37. Taoism (Daoism)- Chinese philosophy that stressed living in harmony and balance

38. Laozi- most famous Taoist teacher

39. Legalism- belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled

40. Great Wall- barrier across China’s northern frontier



Chinese 2 and Inventions
Due Date: 11/3/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Chinese Inventions Vocabulary  Due 11/3

http://quizlet.com/16083973/chinese-inventions-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1399406

1. seismograph- device that measures strength of an earthquake

2. sundial- uses position of shadows cast by the sun to tell time of day

3. acupuncture- practice of inserting fine needles through skin at specific points to cure disease or relieve pain

4. silk- a soft, light, highly valued fabric

5. Silk Road- 4,000 mile long network of routes stretching from China to the Mediterranean Sea

6. diffusion- spread of ideas from one culture to another, such as Buddhism coming to China from India

7.  porcelain - material made from fine clay and baked at high temperatures

8.calligraphy- the art of fine handwriting

9.  rudder- steering part under a boat

 10. waterwheel-  a wheel with buckets attached used to bring up water



Early China
Due Date: 10/27/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Early China  

China Vocabulary Homework and Quiz due Friday   10/27

http://quizlet.com/15222280/ancient-china-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/EditStackOptions2.jsp?studyStackId=1399391

1. Huang He (Yellow River)- flows from west to east almost 3,000 miles across northern China

2. oracle- prediction

3. lords- people of high rank

4. peasants- farmers, people of low rank

5. ethics- moral values

6. Confucianism- ideas of the most influential teacher in Chinese history, focused on good morals and relationships

7. Taoism (Daoism)- Chinese philosophy that stressed living in harmony and balance

8. Laozi- most famous Taoist teacher

9. Legalism- belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled

10. Great Wall- barrier across China’s northern frontier



India 2
Due Date: 10/20/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

This week we will finish India.  Your vocabulary quiz and content test will be Friday, October 20th.  Please do all 3 steps of the homework.  

These words are specific to the content and you need to practice them.

 

Vocabulary October 16-20

http://quizlet.com/16355726/indias-gupta-dynasty-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/EditData2.jsp?saved&studyStackId=1392941

1. dynasty – a series of rulers from the same family

2. stupa-  a Buddhist shrine shaped like a dome or mound

3. pilgrim- a person traveling to a religious shrine or place

4. Vedas of India- ancient songs and prayers used in religious ceremonies

5. Sanskrit- the most important language of ancient India

6. caste system-  social group that people are born into and cannot change

7. Hinduism- largest religion in India, largest polytheistic religion in the world

8. Mahabharata- the longest poem in the world

9. epic poems- long poems that have a hero who performs important deeds

10. algorithm- a series of steps that you follow to solve a problem



India 1
Due Date: 10/13/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Welcome to Ancient India!    The vocabulary quiz will be Friday, October 13th over these words but these words will also be included in the

test October 20th, so REMEMBER them!  

YOU MUST DO ALL THREE OF THESE STEPS TO GET A 100% FOR HOMEWORK!

1.  Write your words and meanings

2.  Write your words in a meaningful sentence.

3.  Write your words in a paragraph or play the quizlet of studystacks games below!

Ancient India due October 13

http://quizlet.com/_8tcsm

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1381114

1. subcontinent- large landmass that is part of a continent but separate because of physical features like mountains

2. monsoons- seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons

3. Indus- river where the Harappa Civilization developed in present day India and Pakistan

4. Aryans- group of invaders from Central Asia who settled in India

5. Sanskrit- the most important language of ancient India

6. caste system-  social group that people are born into and cannot change

7. Hinduism- largest religion in India, largest polytheistic religion in the world

8. reincarnation- process of rebirth

9. karma- the effects that good or bad actions have on a person’s soul- the consequences of how one lives

10. Himalaya- the highest mountains in the world-barrier between India and the rest of Asia



Egypt 2 vocab. and unit Test
Due Date: 10/6/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Welcome to ancient Egypt!  We will have 20 words this week and 10 more about Egypt next week.  Please read the chapter in your textbook about Egypt.  Your quizzes will be on both Fridays (September 29 and October 6th).  Your  Egypt TEST over the content will be on October 6th.

http://www.studystack.com/EditStackOptions2.jsp?studyStackId=1349084

http://quizlet.com/27222683/egypt-1-flash-cards/

1. cataracts- strong rapids

2. delta- triangle-shaped area of land made of soil deposited by a river

3. Menes- the first pharaoh who united Upper and Lower Egypt

4. pharaoh- title used by the rulers of Egypt

5. dynasty- series of rulers from the same family

6. Old Kingdom- period in Egyptian history that lasted from2700 BC to 2200 BC

7. nobles- people from rich and powerful families

8. mummies- specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth

9. elite- class of people from wealth and power

10. pyramids- huge stone tombs with four triangle-shaped walls that met in a point on top

 

http://quizlet.com/_8orwt

 

http://www.studystack.com/fillin-1349096

 

11. hieroglyphics- the Egyptian writing system

 

12. papyrus- a long lasting, paper- like material made from reeds

 

13. Rosetta Stone- a slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Greek, and a later form of Egyptian

 

14. sphinxes- imaginary creatures with bodies of lions and heads of other animals or humans

 

15. obelisk- a tall, four-sided pillar that is pointed on top

 

16. King Tutankhamen- Egyptian pharaoh who was buried with many treasures

 

17. Ramses the Great- pharaoh who ruled in the 1200s BC and fought the Hittites from Asia Minor

 

18. trade network- system of people in different lands who trade goods

 

19. export- items sent out to other regions

 

20. import- goods brought in from other regions

 



Egypt week 1
Due Date: 9/29/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Vocabulary Egypt #1 September 29

http://www.studystack.com/EditStackOptions2.jsp?studyStackId=1349084

http://quizlet.com/27222683/egypt-1-flash-cards/

1. cataracts- strong rapids

2. delta- triangle-shaped area of land made of soil deposited by a river

3. Menes- the first pharaoh who united Upper and Lower Egypt

4. pharaoh- title used by the rulers of Egypt

5. dynasty- series of rulers from the same family

6. Old Kingdom- period in Egyptian history that lasted from2700 BC to 2200 BC

7. nobles- people from rich and powerful families

8. mummies- specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth

9. elite- class of people from wealth and power

10. pyramids- huge stone tombs with four triangle-shaped walls that met in a point on top

 



Egypt 1 Homework and Quiz
Due Date: 9/29/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Welcome to ancient Egypt!  We will have 20 words this week and 10 more about Egypt next week.  Please read the chapter in your textbook about Egypt.  Your quizzes will be on both Fridays (September 29 and October 6th ).  Your  Egypt TEST over the content will be on October 6th.

http://www.studystack.com/EditStackOptions2.jsp?studyStackId=1349084

http://quizlet.com/27222683/egypt-1-flash-cards/

1. cataracts- strong rapids

2. delta- triangle-shaped area of land made of soil deposited by a river

3. Menes- the first pharaoh who united Upper and Lower Egypt

4. pharaoh- title used by the rulers of Egypt

5. dynasty- series of rulers from the same family

6. Old Kingdom- period in Egyptian history that lasted from2700 BC to 2200 BC

7. nobles- people from rich and powerful families

8. mummies- specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth

9. elite- class of people from wealth and power

10. pyramids- huge stone tombs with four triangle-shaped walls that met in a point on top

 

http://quizlet.com/_8orwt

 

http://www.studystack.com/fillin-1349096

 

11. hieroglyphics- the Egyptian writing system

 

12. papyrus- a long lasting, paper- like material made from reeds

 

13. Rosetta Stone- a slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Greek, and a later form of Egyptian

 

14. sphinxes- imaginary creatures with bodies of lions and heads of other animals or humans

 

15. obelisk- a tall, four-sided pillar that is pointed on top

 

16. King Tutankhamen- Egyptian pharaoh who was buried with many treasures

 

17. Ramses the Great- pharaoh who ruled in the 1200s BC and fought the Hittites from Asia Minor

 

18. trade network- system of people in different lands who trade goods

 

19. export- items sent out to other regions

 

20. import- goods brought in from other regions

 



Mesopotamia
Due Date: 9/22/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Vocabulary homework and quiz due Sept. 22

 

http://quizlet.com/25805001

 

1. civilization – complex societies

2. irrigation- man-made way of watering crops

3. Mesopotamia- region in SW Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers; one of the world’s oldest civilizations

4. Hammurabi’s Code- a set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life

5. scribe- a person who is a record keeper

6. city-state- city and its surrounding lands

7. polytheism- the worship of many gods

8. artisan- skilled worker

9. cuneiform- the world’s first system of writing (Sumerian invention)

10. ziggurat- a pyramid-shaped temple tower

                       

 



Early Man week 2
Due Date: 9/8/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Homework due and Quiz September 8

http://quizlet.com/25315922

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1303161

1.     prehistory- the time before there was writing

2.     ancestor- a relative who lived in the past

3.     tool- any handheld object that has been modified to help a person accomplish a task

4.     society- a community of people who share a common culture

5.     hunter-gatherer- people who hunt animals and gather wild plants, seeds, fruits, and nuts to survive

6.     migrate- to move to a new place

7.     land bridge- a strip of land connecting two continents

8.     ice ages- long periods of freezing weather

9.     domestication- the process of changing plants or animals to make them more useful to humans

10.    agriculture-  farming, producing one’s own food

Review Words

11.    Paleolithic – Old Stone Age

12.    Neolithic- New Stone Age



First week Paleolithic Early Man
Due Date: 9/1/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

6th Grade SS  Vocabulary List    August 28-Sept 1, 2017            Homework due Sept 1, 2017           

Social Studies Vocabulary Homework

These are your vocabulary words for the week of August 28-Sept 1, 2017.  There will be a quiz over these words on September 1st.  Your homework is also due September 1st. (Earn a 100% by doing all three!)  These can be done on one sheet of paper. 

 1.  Write your words and meanings.

2.  Write your words in a sentence that shows that you understand the meaning.

3.  Choose one of these:  

·        Write a paragraph using all your words.

·        Play the quizlet games and take an online quiz. (parents sign)

·        Play the studystack games and take an online quiz. (parents sign)

 http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1294980

http://quizlet.com/22324690/aug-sept-review-words-flash-cards/

1.      history - the study of the past    2. historian- a person who studies history

3.      culture - the knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values of a group of people

4.      archaeology - the study of the past based on what people left behind

5.      Archaeologist- a person who studies archaeology

6.      fossil - a part or imprint of something that was once alive

7.      artifact - objects created by and used by humans

8.      geography - the study of the earth’s physical and cultural features

9.      environment - all the living and nonliving things that affect life in an area (climate, land, water, animals, etc.)

10.  resources - materials found in the earth that people need and value

11.  technology- tools and methods that help humans perform tasks

12.  domesticate- to tame plants or animals for human use

13.  specialization- different people focus on different jobs

14.  Paleolithic- Old Stone Age        

15.  Neolithic- New Stone Age



Final EXAM Study Guide for Social Studies
Due Date: 5/25/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

6TH GRADE SOCIAL STUDIES   FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE

STUDY THESE NOTES AND YOU SHOULD DO EXCELLENTLY ON YOUR SOCIAL STUDIES FINAL EXAM!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

1. Where did the Mayan civilization develop?  CENTRAL AMERICA

2. Mayan contributions included step pyramids, observatories, number system based on 20, 365-day calendar.

3. Mayas, Aztecs, and Incas were POLYTHEISTIC because they worshipped many gods.

4. Mayans developed in modern-day MEXICO on the Yucatan Peninsula.

5. Incas developed in ANDES Mountains in South America.

6. FEUDAL SYSTEM was a system of exchanging goods and services for land during the Middle Ages.

7. FEUDALISM:  existed in Europe and Japan; nobles gave fiefs (small farms) to knights for their services, and knights protected the land for the nobles

8. VIKINGS were fierce warriors from Scandinavia who raided towns and villages.

9. One of the main reasons for the feudal system was to PROTECT THE KING’S LANDS.

10. KING JOHN was forced to sign the Magna Carta.

11. The Magna Carta DECREASED THE KING’S POWER, making it where he had to follow the laws like others.

12. The Magna Carta also established the idea that PEOPLE HAVE RIGHTS and the power of government should be LIMITED.

13. The CRUSADES were fought to REGAIN THE HOLY LAND from the Muslims.

14. Christians won the first Crusade, then the MUSLIMS won the others and controlled the Holy Land.

15. The CRUSADES helped increase trade between Europe and Middle East.  It also weakened the feudal system because nobles had to sell their land (too many people died).  Serfs were set free and able to look for other jobs.

16. A Christian MONK during the Middle Ages led a simple life filled with work and prayer.

17. The head of the Roman Catholic Church was the POPE.

18. The Black Death (Bubonic Plague) spread by way of fleas that bit infected rats and then bit humans.

19. Because so many people in Europe died because of the Black Death, the FEUDAL SYSTEM FELL APART.

20. FLORENCE – most popular city-state in Italy

21. HUMANISM – focuses on human efforts and talents

22. RENAISSANCE – major historical period when Europe made greatest advances in art, science, math, education

23. The Renaissance period focused more on INDIVIDUALS.

24. Renaissance means ‘REBIRTH’.

25. Johann Gutenberg invented the PRINTING PRESS.

26. Boticelli, Raphael, Da Vinci (Mona Lisa), and Michelangelo ( – RENAISSANCE ARTISTS

27. MARTIN LUTHER – began the reformation of the Roman Catholic Church.

28. JOHN CALVIN – believed in predestination and started Calvinism.

29. LEONARDO DA VINCI – painted the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper; Renaissance Genius

30. MICHELANGELO – painted ceiling of Sistine Chapel and sculpted statue David.

31. INDULGENCES – pieces of paper signed by the Pope, promising forgiveness, and sold by the Catholic Church

32. NINETY-FIVE THESES – 95 complaints against the Roman Catholic Church; written by Martin Luther and nailed to door of church in Germany

33.  Ninety-Five Theses led to the SPLIT IN ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH and started PROTESTANTISM.

34. The Counter Reformation was started by they CATHOLICS.

35. The rebirth of ideas during the Renaissance came from early GREECE AND ROME.

36. European countries began exploring to FIND A SEA ROUTE TO ASIA.

37.  AGE OF EXPLORATION – Europeans wanted silk, spices, and other goods from Asia without having to travel the Silk Road (it had become too dangerous).

38. Da Gama, Columbus, Marco Polo, Magellan – EUROPEAN EXPLORERS

39. Prince Henry of Portugal – became known as HENRY THE NAVIGATOR

40. CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS – sailed westward looking for shorter route to India; landed on Bahamas thinking he was in India

41/42. COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE – transfer of goods, technology, ideas, and diseases between Europe and Americas; grains were exported to Americas (increased food supply); horses were taken to Americas (increased transportation); vegetables were exported to Europe (increased variety of foods) – ALL THIS WAS POSITIVE.   The NEGATIVE exchange was the many diseases carried to Americas, killing many Native Americans.

43. TRIANGULAR TRADE ROUTE – exchange of goods and people from Europe, Africa, to America

44. PTOLEMY – early Greek astronomer who believed Earth was center of universe

45. GALILEO GALILEI – invented thermometer and improved telescope and clock; was tried for heresy

46. HERESY – beliefs that go against Church teachings

47. Polytheism means believing in more than one god.  Hinduism, Aztecs, Mayas, Incas, ancient  Egyptians,  ancient Mesopotamians were polytheistic.

48. SEMINARY – school for training priests

49. ANNUL – to cancel

50. VERNACULAR – everyday language of a group of people

STUDY THESE NOTES AND YOU SHOULD DO EXCELLENT ON YOUR SOCIAL STUDIES FINAL EXAM!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!



Science PASS testing May 18
Due Date: 5/18/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies


Social Studies PASS testing May 17
Due Date: 5/17/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies


Math state testing May 8
Due Date: 5/8/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies


May 3 ELA state testing day 2
Due Date: 5/3/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies


ELA SCReady state testing
Due Date: 5/2/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies


TESTING REVIEW FOR PASS AND FINAL EXAM
Due Date: 4/24/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

STUDY GUIDE VOCABULARY FOR PASS AND FINAL EXAM

The following words will be your homework from now until the end of the year. Your assignment will be to create a game like Bingo or a board game or another game as long as it uses the SET OF  words and meanings that I assign to you. This is needed so that each class will have games for all the words on the word list. Each game must have instructions on how to play it and answer cards for you to use as you run the game. The games will count as a Project grade and are due April 24th. We will play four or five games a day for that week. You are responsible for knowing ALL of the words for PASS testing and for your Final Exam. You are also being provided with Quizlet games to use as practice.

http://quizlet.com/63065032/midyear-exam-and-benchmark-vocabulary-words-flash-cards/

Early Man

1.      history - the study of the past

2.      culture - the knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values of a group of people

3.      geography - the study of the earth’s physical and cultural features

4.      environment - all the living and nonliving things in an area (climate, land, water, animals)

5.      domesticate- to tame plants or animals for human use

6.      specialization- a practice in which different people focus on different jobs

7.      Paleolithic and Neolithic –old and new Stone Age

8.      Hunter-gatherers- early people who survived by hunting and gathering their food

9.      Surplus - when there is more food than needed

Egypt

10.  Egypt- one of the first river valley civilizations along the Nile River in northeast Africa

11.  cataracts- strong rapids

12.  pharaoh- title used by the rulers of Egypt

13.  dynasty- series of rulers from the same family

14.  mummies- specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth

15.  hieroglyphics- the Egyptian writing system

Mesopotamia

16.  Mesopotamia -region in SW Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, one of the oldest civilizations

17.  Hammurabi’s Code- a set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life

18.  Polytheism -the worship of many gods

19.  Monotheism- the worship of one God

20.  Social hierarchy- the division of society by rank or class

21.  Cuneiform- the world’s first system of writing (Sumerian invention).

India

22.  Indus River - river where the Harappa Civilization developed in present day India and Pakistan

23.  Sanskrit- the most important language of ancient India

24.  Caste system- social group that people are born into and cannot change

25.  Hinduism- largest religion in India, largest polytheistic religion in the world

26.  reincarnation- process of rebirth

 

China

27.  Huang He (Yellow River)- flows from west to east almost 3,000 miles across northern China

28.  Confucianism- ideas of the most influential teacher in Chinese history, focused on good morals and relationships

29.  Taoism (Daoism)- Chinese philosophy that stressed living in harmony and balance

30.  Legalism- belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled

31.  Great Wall- barrier across China’s northern frontier built by farmers

Greece

32.  peninsula- a portion of land almost surrounded by water (on three sides)

33.  Mediterranean Sea- important body of water between Europe, Asia, and Africa

34.  Minoans- trading civilization that developed on the island of Crete

35.  Mycenaeans- earliest Greek speaking civilization, developed on the Greek mainland and islands

36.  Athens- most important city-state in ancient Greece, capital of Greece today

37.  direct democracy- form of government where all citizens participate

38.  representative democracy- form of government where citizens elect officials to make decisions

39.  polis- Greek city-state that was like a tiny independent country

40.  mythology- body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works

41.  Homer- early Greek poet who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey

42.  Aesop- writer famous for his fables

43.  fables- short stories that teach lessons about life or give advice on how to live

44.  Hellenistic period- time period when language and culture of Greece spread into conquered regions

45.  Alexander the Great- conqueror who spread Greek culture and language to regions he conquered

46.  Socrates- a philosopher with ideas about government and taught the Socratic method of questioning

47.  Plato- philosopher who wrote the Republic which describes his ideal government

48.  Aristotle- wrote books on philosophy of governments and divided them into 3 groups

49.  Archimedes- established the science of physics

50.  Pythagoras- established principles of geometry

ROME

51.  republic- type of government where people elect leaders to govern them

52.  Julius Caesar- powerful general and dictator of Rome who was assassinated in 44 BC

53.   Pax Romana- period of peace in the Roman Empire from 27 BC to AD 180 adopted

54.   Christianity- religion based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth

55.   Hannibal- military general from Carthage who attacked Rome in 218 B.C.

56.  Spartacus- gladiator that led thousands of slaves in a rebellion against Rome

57.  Justinian- Byzantine Emperor known for his code of law, emphasized Christianity

http://quizlet.com/63065032/midyear-exam-and-benchmark-vocabulary-words-flash-cards/

58.  Sahara Desert- largest desert in the world, located in Northern Africa

59.  rain forests- moist, densely wooded areas

60.  extended family- parents, children, close relatives often living in one household

61.  animism- belief that bodies of water, animals, trees, and other natural objects have spirits

62.  Niger River- provided source of water, food, and transportation for people in West Africa

63.  Ghana- empire that controlled the African salt and gold trade starting in the 8th century

64.  Mali- great kingdom that developed in West Africa, rose to power in the 13th century

65.  Songhai- African kingdom that rivaled Mali, capital at Gao, rose to power in the 15th century

http://quizlet.com/18957792/ancient-african-empires2-flash-cards/

66.  Trans-Saharan trade- used to exchange North African goods like salt and silk for West African goods like gold and ivory

67.  Timbuktu- important city for Mali and Songhai kingdoms as a center of Islamic life

68.  Gao- capital city of Songhai Empire

69.  Mansa Musa- Mali’s most famous ruler, spread Islam

http://quizlet.com/23223833/mayas-incas-and-aztecs-flash-cards/

70.  Columbian Exchange- exchange of food, animals, and ideas between the Old and New Worlds

71.  Mayans- civilization that developed in Central America from about 200 AD to 900 AD

72.  Yucatan- peninsula in Central America (Mexico, etc.) where the Mayan Civilization developed

73.  maize- corn

74.  Aztecs- civilization that developed in the central valley of Mexico starting in 1325

75.  Tenochtitlan- capital city of the Aztecs

76.  Conquistadors- Spanish conquerors

77.  Incas- civilization that developed in South America (especially Peru) beginning in the 1400s

78.  Quechua- the Inca language

79.  Francisco Pizarro- conquistador who conquered the Inca in 1537

http://quizlet.com/19339731/medieval-japan-flash-cards/

80.  1. clans- extended family

81.  2. Shinto- traditional religion of Japan

82.  3. lord- a person who has authority over others

83.  4. shrine- a holy place

84.  5. vassal-a noble who held land from and served a higher-ranking lord and in return was given protection

85.  6. feudalism-political system based on bonds between lords and vassals

86.  7. samurai- trained professional warriors

87.  8. guilds- business group formed by craftspeople and merchants

88.  9. daimyo- Japan’s large landowners

89.  10. shogun- general who ruled Japan in the emperor’s name

http://quizlet.com/20486581/middle-ages-week-2-magna-carta-and-crusades-flash-cards/

90.  Magna Carta- document signed in 1215 by King John of England that required the king to honor rights of the people

91.  Pope- the leader of the Roman Catholic Church

92.  monasteries- communities of monks

93.  Crusades- long series of wars between Christians and Muslims in Palestine (SW Asia)

94.  Holy Land- European name for Palestine - it was the region where Jesus lived, preached, and died

95.  monks- religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities

96.  missionaries- people who are sent out to teach their religion

97.  Black Death- a deadly plague (disease) that killed many people in Europe between 1347 and 1351, a.k.a. Bubonic Plague

98.  heresy- religious ideas that oppose accepted church teachings

http://quizlet.com/21030060/renaissance-flash-cards/

http://quizlet.com/21030060/renaissance-flash-cards/

101. Renaissance- “rebirth”, refers to the period that followed Europe’s Middle Ages

102. Marco Polo- trader from Venice who traveled to China and back

103. Florence- city in Italy that’s considered the birthplace of the Renaissance

104. humanism- way of thinking and learning that stresses the importance of individual abilities and achievements

105.Galileo- first person to study the sky with a telescope

106.Machiavelli- writer known for The Prince, giving advice on how rulers should rule

107.William Shakespeare- famous English writer

108.. Leonardo da Vinci- multi talented artist, painter of The Mona Lisa

109. Michelangelo- artist who painted the Sistine Chapel and sculpted David and The Pieta

http://quizlet.com/21271782/reformation-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/flashcard-1225455

110. Reformation- a reform movement against the Roman Catholic Church

111.. Johann Gutenberg- German printer, developed a printing press (the Bible was then available to many more people)

4. Pope- leader of the Catholic Church

112. Martin Luther- German priest who started the Reformation by nailing a list of complaints to a Catholic Church door

113. Protestants- those who protested against the Catholic Church

114. John Calvin- French Christian reformer who taught predestination and encouraged living good lives

115. Catholic Reformation- effort to stop the spread of Protestantism and to reform the Catholic Church from within, a.k.a. the Counter-Reformation



Social Studies and Math Final EXAMS
Due Date: 4/19/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies


Explorers
Due Date: 4/13/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Explorer Vocabulary

http://quizlet.com/21510695/exploration-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1234867

1. New World- North and South America, or the “Americas”

2. Christopher Columbus- Italian sailor (explored for Spain) who landed in the Bahamas in 1492

3. Henry the Navigator- Prince from Portugal who built a navigation school to teach sailors

4. Bartholomew Dias- Portuguese sailor who reached the Cape of Good Hope in southern Africa in 1488

5.   Vasco da Gama- Portuguese sailor who sailed around Africa in 1498 and reached India

6. Pedro Alvares Cabral- Portuguese sailor who accidentally “discovered” South America in 1500

7. Ferdinand Magellan- Portuguese sailor (sailed for Spain) who led part of the first expedition around the tip of South America and around the world beginning in 1519

8. Circumnavigate- to travel all the way around the globe

9. Sir Francis Drake- English sailor who stole treasure from Spanish transport ships in the Americas

10. Spanish Armada- part of Spain’s large navy that was defeated by England in 1588



Earliest Native Americans and (Mound Builders)
Due Date: 4/7/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

All of this information will be testable on PASS !!!!!

http://quizlet.com/_e0ddi

1. Columbian Exchange- exchange of food, animals, and ideas between the Old and New Worlds

2. Mayans- civilization that developed in Central America from about 200 AD to 900 AD

3. Francisco Pizarro- conquistador who conquered the Inca in 1537

4. Aztecs- civilization that developed in the central valley of Mexico starting in 1325

5. Incas- civilization that developed in South America (especially Peru) beginning in the 1400s

6. Moundbuilders- ancient Native Americans who built large earthen mounds

7. Adena- moundbuilder group living in the Ohio River Valley from 1000BC to 200BC

8. Hopewell- moundbuilders from central Ohio

9. Mississippians—main Native American culture along the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers from 500AD to 1540

10. obsidian- a dark, natural glass formed by the cooling of lava

11. pottery- articles made from clay that is shaped while moist and hardened by heat12decline- to become less

12.geography - the study of the earth’s physical and cultural features

13.environment - all the living and nonliving things that affect life in an area (climate, land, water, animals)

14. resources - materials found in the earth that people need and value

 

 



Aztecs, Mayans and Incas Vocabulary
Due Date: 3/31/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Please learn thse new words but also keep reviewing the words from the beginning of the year.  This is now the last nine weeks and it's full of PASS tests, Exams and regular tests.  IT's time to "show what you know"!

Aztec,Maya, Inca Vocab. test

http://quizlet.com/23223833/mayas-incas-and-aztecs-flash-cards/

1. Columbian Exchange- exchange of food, animals, and ideas between the Old and New Worlds

2. Mayans- civilization that developed in Central America from about 200 AD to 900 AD

3. Yucatan- peninsula in Central America (Mexico, etc.) where the Mayan Civilization developed

4. maize- corn

5. Aztecs- civilization that developed in the central valley of Mexico starting in 1325

6. Tenochtitlan- capital city of the Aztecs

7. Conquistadors- Spanish conquerors

8. Incas- civilization that developed in South America (especially Peru) beginning in the 1400s

9. Quechua- the Inca language

10. Francisco Pizarro- conquistador who conquered the Inca in 1537



Renaissance, Reformation and test
Due Date: 3/16/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

RENAISSANCE DUE MARCH however due to my absences, I will accept them this week    SCROLL DOWN FOR THE REST OF MARCH'S ASSIGNMENTS (REFORMATION AND TEST March16)

Vocabulary  http://quizlet.com/21030060/renaissance-flash-cards/

 

1. Renaissance- “rebirth”, refers to the period that followed Europe’s Middle Ages

2.Marco Polo- trader from Venice who traveled to China and back

3. Florence- city in Italy that’s considered the birthplace of the Renaissance

4. Duomo- cathedral in Florence, Italy

5. humanism- way of thinking and learning that stresses the importance of individual abilities and achievements

6. Galileo- first person to study the sky with a telescope

7. Machiavelli- writer known for The Prince, giving advice on how rulers should rule

8. William Shakespeare- famous English writer

9. Leonardo da Vinci- multi talented artist, painter of The Mona Lisa

10. Michelangelo- artist who painted the Sistine Chapel and sculpted David and The Pieta

REFORMATION DUE MARCH 16

http://quizlet.com/21271782/reformation-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/flashcard-1225455

 

1. Reformation- a reform movement against the Roman Catholic Church

2. Renaissance- period of “rebirth” following Europe’s Middle Ages

3. Johann Gutenberg- German printer, developed a printing press (the Bible was then available to many more people)

4. Pope- leader of the Catholic Church

5. Martin Luther- German priest who started the Reformation by nailing a list of complaints to a Catholic Church door

6. Protestants- those who protested against the Roman Catholic Church

7. John Calvin- French Christian reformer who taught predestination and encouraged living good lives

8. Catholic Reformation- effort to stop the spread of Protestantism and to reform the Catholic Church from within, a.k.a. the Counter-Reformation

9. Jesuits- religious order created to serve the pope and the church

10. vernacular- the language spoken by the common people of the area  

CONTENT TEST MARCH 16 OVER RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION 

 

 

 

 

 



Middle Ages study Guide TEST and review words
Due Date: 2/24/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

 Middle Ages study guide   TEST Feb. 24, 2017

(homework is completing and studying the Study Guide)

 

 1. What are monks? Monks were - religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities who spent their time (how?)____________________________?

2.  What are missionaries?  Missionaries are people who help spread their _________?

 3.  Who was Charlemagne?  Charlemagne was a famous king whose kingdom covered ________________ (which continent?) 

4.  What happened because the Vikings, Magyar, and Muslim invaded Europe? The feudal ages started because __________________________________________?

5.  What was the manor system like?  The lords and knights lived in the manor house or castle _________________________________________________?_

6.  Why were the Crusades fought?  The religious groups  (___________ , Jews, and Muslims)wanted Palestine, specifically Jerusalem, as their _H____________L______.

 7.  Another reason that the Crusades started was that the Byzantine Emperor asked the pope for help.  Why?

8.The Muslim Turks were threatening the city of ______________________________ they needed help stopping the ______________________________from invading.

9.  What was an important result of the Crusades?  People learned more about Europe and Asia since _______________increased as they marched across.  (Remember it took some of them 4 years or more to walk to Palestine!)

10.  Who controlled the Holy Land after the First Crusade? ____________  After the rest of the Crusades?  ________

11.  Who started the first universities in Europe?    _______________________

12.  Why did the nobles want King John to sign the Magna Carta?   He was too powerful and they ________________________________________________

13.   How did people catch the Black Death or Bubonic Plague? Contact with   ______

14.  How did life change for the serfs and peasants after the plague ended?  Because there were not many people left, ______________________________________.

15.  What happened during the Reconquista in Spain? ( remember it means reconquered)    The Christians ___________________________________.

16.  What did the Japanese Samurai and the European knights have in common?   They had to be ______________ to their ruler.

 

1. Middle Ages- period that lasted from about 500 to 1500 AD

 

2. Medieval period- another name for the Middle Ages

 

3. fief- land granted to a vassal

 

4. serf- a peasant who could not leave without the lord’s approval

 

5. guild- a business group organized by crafts-people

 

6. Charlemagne- powerful king of the Franks (lived 742-814)

 

7. Vikings- invaders from Scandinavia who raided much of Europe and North Africa

 

8. knights- warriors who fought on horseback

 

9. vassal- a knight or noble who promised to support a lord in exchange for land

 

10. feudalism- system of obligations that governed the relationships between lords and vassals in medieval

11. Magna Carta- document signed in 1215 by King John of England that required the king to honor rights of the people

12. Pope- the leader of the Roman Catholic Church

13. monasteries- communities of monks

14. Crusades- long series of wars between Christians and Muslims in Palestine (SW Asia)

15. Holy Land- European name for Palestine because it was the region where Jesus lived, preached, and died

16. monks- religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities

17. missionaries- people who are sent out to teach their religion

18. Black Death- a deadly plague (disease) that killed many people in Europe between 1347 and 1351, a.k.a. Bubonic Plague

19. heresy- religious ideas that oppose accepted church teachings

20. St. Patrick- missionary who converted the people of Ireland to Christianity

 

 

 



MIDDLE AGES 2 vocab. and Study Guide for test
Due Date: 2/17/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

http://quizlet.com/20486581/middle-ages-week-2-magna-carta-and-crusades-flash-cards/

MIDDLE AGES 2          DUE  FEBRUARY 17    QUIZ FEBRUARY 17 

also scroll down to see copy of Middle Ages test study guide

1. Magna Carta- document signed in 1215 by King John of England that required the king to honor rights of the people

2. Pope- the leader of the Roman Catholic Church

3. monasteries- communities of monks

4. Crusades- long series of wars between Christians and Muslims in Palestine (SW Asia)

5. Holy Land- European name for Palestine because it was the region where Jesus lived, preached, and died

6. monks- religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities

7. missionaries- people who are sent out to teach their religion

8. Black Death- a deadly plague (disease) that killed many people in Europe between 1347 and 1351, a.k.a. Bubonic Plague

9. heresy- religious ideas that oppose accepted church teachings

10. St. Patrick- missionary who converted the people of Ireland to Christianity

Middle Ages study guide  - test date week of Feb. 20th

 1. What are monks? Monks were - religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities who spent their time (how?)____________________________?

2.  What are missionaries?  Missionaries are people who help spread their _________?

 3.  Who was Charlemagne?  Charlemagne was a famous king whose kingdom covered ________________ (which continent?) 

4.  What happened because the Vikings, Magyar, and Muslim invaded Europe? The feudal ages started because __________________________________________?

5.  What was the manor system like?  The lords and knights lived in the manor house or castle _________________________________________________?_

6.  Why were the Crusades fought?  The religious groups  (___________ , Jews, and Muslims)wanted Palestine, specifically Jerusalem, as their _H____________L______.

 7.  Another reason that the Crusades started was that the Byzantine Emperor asked the pope for help.  Why?

8.The Muslim Turks were threatening the city of ______________________________ they needed help stopping the ______________________________from invading.

9.  What was an important result of the Crusades?  People learned more about Europe and Asia since _______________increased as they marched across.  (Remember it took some of them 4 years or more to walk to Palestine!)

10.  Who controlled the Holy Land after the First Crusade? ____________  After the rest of the Crusades?  ________

11.  Who started the first universities in Europe?    _______________________

12.  Why did the nobles want King John to sign the Magna Carta?   He was too powerful and they ________________________________________________

13.   How did people catch the Black Death or Bubonic Plague? Contact with   ______

14.  How did life change for the serfs and peasants after the plague ended?  Because there were not many people left, ______________________________________.

15.  What happened during the Reconquista in Spain? ( remember it means reconquered)    The Christians ___________________________________.

16.  What did the Japanese Samurai and the European knights have in common?   They had to be ______________ to their ruler.

 



Middle Ages Week 1
Due Date: 2/10/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

        

Middle Ages week 1  Due February 10 (homework and QUIZ)

http://quizlet.com/20159760/medieval-europe-flash-cards/

1. Middle Ages- period that lasted from about 500 to 1500 AD

2. Medieval period- another name for the Middle Ages

3. fief- land granted to a vassal

4. serf- a peasant who could not leave without the lord’s approval

5. guild- a business group organized by crafts-people

6. Charlemagne- powerful king of the Franks (lived 742-814)

7. Vikings- invaders from Scandinavia who raided much of Europe and North Africa

8. knights- warriors who fought on horseback

9. vassal- a knight or noble who promised to support a lord in exchange for land

10. feudalism- system of obligations that governed the relationships between lords and vassals in medieval Europe



ancient Japan
Due Date: 2/3/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Japan Vocabulary due 2/3/17

http://quizlet.com/19339731/medieval-japan-flash-cards/

1. clans- extended family

2. Shinto- traditional religion of Japan

3. lord- a person who has authority over others

4. shrine- a holy place

5. vassal-a noble who held land from and served a higher-ranking lord and in return was given protection

6. feudalism-political system based on bonds between lords and vassals

7. samurai- trained professional warriors

8. guilds- business group formed by craftspeople and merchants

9. daimyo- Japan’s large landowners

10. shogun- general who ruled Japan in the emperor’s name



Ancient Africa- Ghana, Mali, Songhai
Due Date: 1/24/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

 

This  second Africa list is due January 27th.  The vocabulary quiz will be January 27th. The content test on Africa will be January 26th.   

 

Africa 2 Vocab. Due Friday,Jan.27th http://quizlet.com/18957792/ancient-african-empires2-flash-cards/

 

1. tsetse fly- found in forest region of Africa – deadly to domestic animals

 

2. Sahel- “shore” in Arabic, land with little rainfall dividing the desert from wetter areas

 

3. Trans-Saharan trade- used to exchange North African goods like salt and silk for West African goods like gold and ivory

 

4. Timbuktu- important city for Mali and Songhai kingdoms as a center of Islamic life

 

5. Gao- capital city of Songhai Empire

 

6. Mansa Musa- Mali’s most famous ruler, spread Islam

 

7. Almoravids- North African Muslims who invaded and controlled Ghana’s empire in the 1060s

 

8. cotton- introduced to West Africa that was used to make clothing

 

9. griots- storytellers of early West Africa

 

10. kola nuts- seed from a cola tree that contains caffeine

 



Ancient Civilizations TIc Tac Toe
Due Date: 1/10/2017
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

The Ancient Civilizations Tic Tac Toe can be found in the Forms sections of the website.



Rome
Due Date: 12/19/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

http://quizlet.com/17986589/ancient-rome-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/EditData2.jsp?saved&studyStackId=1444855

1.   republic =type of government where people elect leaders to govern them

2.   Constantine =first Roman emperor who helped spread Christianity

3.   Justinian =Byzantine Emperor known for his code of law; wanted to reunite Roman Empire; emphasized Christianity

4.   Spartacus =gladiator that led thousands of slaves in a rebellion against Rome

5.   Julius Caesar =powerful general and dictator of Rome who was assassinated in 44 BC.; made many improvements to Rome

6.   plebeians =common people

7.   patricians =powerful nobles

8.   Hannibal =military general from Carthage who attacked Rome in 218 B.C. and fought using elephants in battle

9.   Forum =Rome's public meeting place and market place

10. Christianity =religion based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth

11. arches =rounded structures that can support more weight than other shapes

12. aqueducts =a raised channel used to carry water from mountains into cities

13. Augustus =first Roman emperor, adopted son of Julius Caesar and formerly known as Octavian

14. Pax Romana =period of peace in the Roman Empire from 27BC to AD 180

15. dictators =rulers with absolute power; usually serves for only a short time

16. Tiber River =river along which Rome was located; provided water and a route to the Mediterranean Sea

17. Romulus and Remus =twin brothers who founded the city of Rome

18. Aenid =famous epic written by Roman poet, Virgil, about a Trojan her named Aeneas- "father of the Romans"

19. Etruscans =group of people who influenced early growth of Rome

20. legions =groups of about 6000 soldiers

21. legionaries =Roman soldiers

22. veto =reject; Latin for "I forbid"

23. consuls =top two government officials

24. Cincinnatus =best known early Roman dictator

25. Twelve Tables =first set of written laws to govern early Rome

26. Carthage =North Africa city and enemy of Rome

27. Punic Wars =battle between Rome and Carthage

28. triumvirate =political alliance of three people

29. Octavian =Julius Caesar's grandnephew; became Rome's leader and changed his name to Augustus

30. Ptolemy =scientist of Roman Empire who studied stars and planets; mapped over 1000 stars

31. Spartacus =gladiator who led slave revolt against Rome

32. Justinian Code =new simplified code of law established by Justinian; influenced many laws in Europe throughout the years



MidYear Exam study guide
Due Date: 12/16/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

2016-17-Sixth Grade Social Studies First Semester Exam Study guide-Mr. Nesbit and Mrs. Hall

1.   How did Islam spread to North Africa? Along trade routes from the Middle East/ Muslim traders.

2.        What two things brought wealth to the African kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai? gold and salt

3.        Under which Chinese dynasty did gunpowder originate in? Han Dynasty

4.        Which Byzantine emperor was responsible for organizing and simplifying old Roman law into a new code? Justinian Code

5.        What is Byzantine culture best known for? preserving Greek and Roman culture-(architecture,mythology,democracy,philosophy)

6.        What did the eastern portion of the Roman Empire become known as? Byzantine Empire

7.        Why did Constantinople become the center of the Byzantine Empire? Its location made it the crossroads of Europe and Asia.

8.        What type of society needed access to a variety of raw materials to survive? Hunter-gatherer (Paleolithic Era)

9.        Why were Hunter-gatherers nomadic? (why did they migrate?) to find/follow food/animals

10.     Farmers could improve the quality and quantity of food produced once they learned what? Domestication of plants and animals, irrigation

11.     By forming permanent settlements, early people were able to organize their social groups. Characteristics of these social groups include what? some form of government, tamed livestock, permanent dwellings

12.     Where is the Indus River Civilization located? See map (b)

13.     Where is the Nile River Civilization located? See map (c)

14.     Where is the Huang He Civilization located? See map (d)

 15.     Where is the Tigris-Euphrates River(s) Civilization located? See map (a)

16.     Who invented cuneiform? Sumerians in Mesopotamia

17.     Who invented hieroglyphics? Egypt

18.     What was the purpose of the pyramids? Which civilization perfected the building of pyramids? tombs for the pharaohs

19.     What does “specialization” mean?With an agricultural surplus, early civilizations could have different people do different things. Some people were in the army, some were farmers, some collected taxes, and others built of roads. (learning a skill)

20.     What is the difference between the Paleolithic and the Neolithic eras? Paleolithic-lived in caves,hunted,gathered food, had fire, stone weapons. Neolithic-developed agriculture, domesticated plants, animals, permanent settlements

21.     What did the development of agriculture lead to? Specialization of jobs, development of language, government

22.     What were early economies based on? Agriculture

23.     Which development was an important contribution of Muslim culture to civilization? advances in science and medicine, math

24.     Who was the founder of Islam? Mohammad

25.     What is the name of the holy book of Islam? The Quran/Koran What is Islam based on? The Five Pillars

26.     What is the world’s first major monotheistic religion called? Judaism (Jewish, Hebrew), Christianity branched out of Judaism

27.     What is the name of the holy book of Judaism? The Torah/Old Testament

28.     Who did Rome go to war with for control of the Mediterranean? Carthage

29.     What event signaled the end of the Roman republic and the beginning of the Roman Empire with an emperor? The assassination of Julius Caesar by the Roman senate

30.     Who was the first emperor of the Roman Empire? Octavian/ Augustus Caesar-when Octavian defeated Marc Antony-ended civil war

31.     What development had the greatest influence on the culture of North Africa and the Middle East? Religion of Islam

32.     Early Christianity was spread through which empire? The Roman Empire-later known as The Holy Roman Empire

33.     Which Roman emperor made Christianity the MAIN religion of Rome? Constantine-for which the city of Constantinople is named.

34.     Which is a sacred city to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam? Jerusalem-which is in Israel

35.     What civilization is credited with being the world’s first democracy, or government in which people ruled or had a voice? Athens, Greece

36.     What type of democracy did the Romans create that we use in the USA today? A republic

37.     Ancient Greece was home to many great philosophers. What philosopher taught that the way to seek truth is through a series of questions and answers? Socrates-who taught Plato-who taught Aristotle-who taught Macedonian conqueror-Alexander the Great-who spread Hellenistic/Greek culture to the places he conquered

38.     Who was the Macedonian responsible for spreading Greek/Hellenistic culture to Asia and Africa? Alexander the Great

39.     In 509 B.C. Rome set up a form of government which included a leader and a lawmaking body. What is this type of government called? A republic

40.     What was the early Roman religion like? Their gods and goddess were similar to Greek gods and goddesses.

41.     What were the main reasons why the Roman Empire collapsed? Heavy, high taxes, corrupt government officials, invasions from Germanic and other groups

42.     What are the primary writings of classical Hinduism called? The Vedas-What is the sacred book of Islam called? The Quran/Koran-What is the sacred book of Judaism called? The Torah/Old Testament what are the two sacred books of Christianity called? The Bible-it includes the (Jewish) Old Testament and the New Testament (about teachings of Jesus)

43.     What was of the trade route that connected Chinese civilization and goods to the Roman Empire called? The Silk Road

44.     What trade made the West African kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai rich and powerful? Trading of salt and gold

45.     Give Examples of Chinese contributions: porcelain, wood block printing, gunpowder, fireworks,*silk,-writing is symbols, pictographs, paper, seismograph Give Examples of Chinese contributions: porcelain, wood block printing, gunpowder, fireworks,*silk,- Used in apparel and art, silk became the staple of trade with the east and, more than any other product, was a symbol of ancient China. Writing is symbols, pictographs, paper, seismograph

46.     What West African city was known as a center of trade and learning in the 1300s? Timbuktu

 

Add:

Caste System –each caste had distinct roles in society and caste guided members in issues such

as occupation, foods eaten, and marriage.

 

Sumer/ Mesopotamia contributions-achievements:

Civilizations/cultures that developed here were the Sumerian, Babylonian, Phoenician; -between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

Created ziggurats-temples in center of city

Cuneiform-world’s first known writing

Hammurabi’s Code.

 

Ancient India

Developed in the Indus River valley (Harappan) worship Hinduism-polytheistic Hinduism and Buddhist –karma, reincarnation

Hinduism is the world’s largest polytheistic religion with it pantheon of gods

and goddesses seen as part of a universal soul/deity known as the Brahman.

One major concept is reincarnation, a belief in a cycle of life, death, rebirth –writing was Sanskrit

BUDDHISM:

Origins: Began in India and incorporated much of Hinduism in its practice. Founder(s): Siddhartha Gautama was an Indian prince raised in a lifestyle of luxury and comfort who, upon encountering the misery and suffering of the poor in the streets, began

to question the meaning of life. Gautama left his city and wandered through the land. He

became know as Buddha, “Enlightened One”.

Four Noble Truths

1. Life is full of pain and suffering.

2. Human desire causes this suffering.

3. By putting an end to desire, humans can end suffering.

4. Humans can end desire by following the Eightfold Path.

Major religions-

Judaism-first major monotheistic religion-Founder(s): Abraham is the “Father of the Hebrews.” Moses was the law-giver and author of the first books of the Torah. Yahweh (God) Hebrews/Jewish

 

CHRISTIANITY:

Origins: Grew from and is an extension of Judaism – with Jesus Christ as the Messiah.

Founder(s): Jesus Christ is the originator of Christianity. Early significant leaders were

Paul, Peter, and John. Christianity was adopted as the

official religion of the Roman Empire.

ISLAM:

Origins: Originated in the Arabian Peninsula in the city of Mecca.

Founder(s): Mohammed

Principles: Islam is the world’s third great monotheistic religion and sees itself as

fulfillment of God’s (Allah) .The Quran (Koran) contains the sacred

writings of Islam. The most important beliefs/acts are known as the Five Pillars of Islam.

CONFUCIANISM:

Origins: China during the Zhou (Chou) Dynasty. After the end of feudalism crime was

rampant and Confucius spoke of returning to the moral standards of the ancients.

Founder(s): Kung Fu-Tzu (Confucius) 551-479 BC

Principles: It is not a religion but rather is an ethical code dealing with the moral

character of individuals, society, and government.

TAOISM:

Origins: Grew from ancient Chinese philosophies that were merged into one basic

teaching. In some ways it grew from a reaction to the spread of Confucianism and

Buddhism.

Founder(s): Lao-Tse

Principles: Tao (Dao) means “The Way” (or the Path) and it’s a series of philosophical

teachings that focuses on achieving balance and harmony in the universe, and in one’s

life.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Greece 2
Due Date: 12/2/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Please make sure that you read Chapter in textbook about Greece.  You are responsible for knowing this information for the midyear Exam to be given in January!

 

 

Vocabulary Greece 2 and 3 Due Dec.2

 

http://quizlet.com/17114778/ancient-greece-flash-cards/

 

http://quizlet.com/61540185/greece-3-flash-cards/

 

1. acropolis- a high hill that many Greek cities were built around

 

2. mythology- body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works

 

3. Athena- goddess of wisdom in Ancient Greece, city of Athens is named after her

 

4. Hercules- one of the most famous heroes, fought monsters and performed difficult tasks

 

5. Homer- early Greek poet who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey

 

6. Aesop- writer famous for his fables

 

7. fables- short stories that teach lessons about life or give advice on how to live

 

8. Achilles- great warrior who was killed when an arrow struck his heel

 

9. Hellenistic period- time period when language and culture of Greece spread into conquered regions

 

10. Alexander the Great- conqueror who spread Greek culture and language to regions he conquered; son of Phillip II

 

11. Aristotle- wrote books on philosophy of governments and divided them into 3 groups

 

12. Archimedes- established the science of physics

 

13. Pythagoras- established principles of geometry

 

14. tragedy-writing in which a person tries to overcome his difficulties but fails

 

15. comedy- writing with a happy ending

 

16. Socrates- a philosopher with ideas about government and taught the Socratic method of questioning

 

17. Plato- philosopher who wrote the Republic which describes his ideal government

 

18. Athens- capital of Greece, birthplace of democracy

 



Greece 1
Due Date: 11/18/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

 

GREECE 1

Please read the chapter on Greece in  your textbook.  You are responsible for all the information!

Midyear EXAMs will happen in January and will cover everything since the beginning of the year!

 

Vocabulary (Week of 11/14-18/16)

http://quizlet.com/17114778/ancient-greece-flash-cards/

1. peninsula- a portion of land almost surrounded by water (on three sides)

2. Mediterranean Sea- important body of water between Europe, Asia, and Africa

3. Minoans- trading civilization that developed on the island of Crete

4. Mycenaeans- earliest Greek speaking civilization, developed on the Greek mainland and islands

5. Athens- most important city-state in ancient Greece, capital of Greece today

6. aristocrats- rich landowners, part of the upper social class

7. citizens- people who had the right to participate in government

8. representative democracy- form of government where citizens elect officials to make decisions

9. direct democracy- form of government where all citizens participate

10. mythology- body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works



China 2
Due Date: 11/11/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Chinese Inventions Vocabulary Due 11/11

http://quizlet.com/16083973/chinese-inventions-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1399406

1. seismograph- device that measures strength of an earthquake

2. sundial- uses position of shadows cast by the sun to tell time of day

3. acupuncture- practice of inserting fine needles through skin at specific points to cure disease or relieve pain

4. silk- a soft, light, highly valued fabric

5. Silk Road- 4,000 mile long network of routes stretching from China to the Mediterranean Sea

6. diffusion- spread of ideas from one culture to another, such as Buddhism coming to China from India

7. porcelain - material made from fine clay and baked at high temperatures

8.calligraphy- the art of fine handwriting

9. rudder- steering part under a boat

10. waterwheel- a wheel with buckets attached used to bring up water



China 1
Due Date: 11/4/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Vocabulary  due  11/4/16

http://quizlet.com/15222280/ancient-china-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/EditStackOptions2.jsp?studyStackId=1399391

1. Huang He (Yellow River)- flows from west to east almost 3,000 miles across northern China

2. oracle- prediction

3. lords- people of high rank

4. peasants- farmers, people of low rank

5. ethics- moral values

6. Confucianism- ideas of the most influential teacher in Chinese history, focused on good morals and relationships

7. Taoism (Daoism)- Chinese philosophy that stressed living in harmony and balance

8. Laozi- most famous Taoist teacher

9. Legalism- belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled

10. Great Wall- barrier across China’s northern frontier



India 1
Due Date: 10/28/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Please read the chapter on Early India in the textbook.

Vocabulary quiz  (India 1 on 10/21 and India 2 on 10/28)  and pamphlet due October24th.  Please be aware that the pamphlet is to be student written, NOT typed, and student drawn, NOT photos from the internet.   This will be a test/project grade and students will receive the assignment and rubric in class and begin the pamphlet in class.

 

Ancient India due October 21

http://quizlet.com/_8tcsm

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1381114

1. subcontinent- large landmass that is part of a continent but separate because of physical features like mountains

2. monsoons- seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons

3. Indus- river where the Harappa Civilization developed in present day India and Pakistan

4. Aryans- group of invaders from Central Asia who settled in India

5. Sanskrit- the most important language of ancient India

6. caste system- social group that people are born into and cannot change

7. Hinduism- largest religion in India, largest polytheistic religion in the world

8. reincarnation- process of rebirth

9. karma- the effects that good or bad actions have on a person’s soul- the consequences of how one lives

10. Himalaya- the highest mountains in the world-barrier between India and the rest of Asia

Vocabulary October 17-28

http://quizlet.com/16355726/indias-gupta-dynasty-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/EditData2.jsp?saved&studyStackId=1392941

1. dynasty – a series of rulers from the same family

2. stupa- a Buddhist shrine shaped like a dome or mound

3. pilgrim- a person traveling to a religious shrine or place

4. Vedas of India- ancient songs and prayers used in religious ceremonies

5. Sanskrit- the most important language of ancient India

6. caste system- social group that people are born into and cannot change

7. Hinduism- largest religion in India, largest polytheistic religion in the world

8. Mahabharata- the longest poem in the world

9. epic poems- long poems that have a hero who performs important deeds

10. algorithm- a series of steps that you follow to solve a problem



Egypt 3
Due Date: 9/30/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Remember to read the textbook chapter on Egypt.  These words will be quizzed on September 30th and you will also be having the test on Egypt then as well.  As you already know, your daily Entrance and Exit questions are your study guide questions!

http://quizlet.com/52120840/egypt-3-flash-cards/

1. deities- gods and goddesses

2. embalming- a process for preserving a body for burial

3. mummy- a wrapped body that has been preserved

4. Great Pyramid- largest pyramid ofthe 80 found in Egypt. It wasbuilt for King Khufu in about 2540 BC

5. Giza- city in Egypt 10 miles from Cairo on the west bank of the Nile River, famous for the 3 pyramids

6. King Khufu- Egyptian pharaoh who built the Great Pyramid for his tomb

7. Middle Kingdom- time period of peace and prosperity, advances in art and architecture from 2050-1670 BC

8. tribute- forced payments due to Egypt from the conquered lands

9. Hyksos- great warriors from western Asia, who conquered Egypt from 1670 to 1550BC, due to their weapons of bronze and iron.

10. New Kingdom- from 1550BC to 1080 BC starting with King Ahmose who brought Egypt to its most powerful time



Early Man Week 2
Due Date: 9/2/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Quiz Friday, September 2 

http://quizlet.com/25315922

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1303161

1.   prehistory- the time before there was writing

2.   ancestor- a relative who lived in the past

3.   tool- any handheld object that has been modified to help a person accomplish a task

4.   society- a community of people who share a common culture

5.   adapt-to change or adjust to environmental conditions

6.   migrate- to move to a new place

7.   land bridge- a strip of land connecting two continents

8.   ice ages- long periods of freezing weather

9.   domestication- the process of changing plants or animals to make them more useful to humans

10. agriculture-  farming, producing one’s own food

11. revolution- big changes that affect many areas of life

     12.  Neolithic- New Stone Age



Early Man
Due Date: 8/26/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

 

Welcome to your assignment page!

These are your vocabulary words for the week of August 22-26.

There will be a quiz over these words on August 26th.

 Your homework is also due August 26th. (for 100% do all three!)

 1.  Write your words and meanings.

2.  Write your words in a sentence that shows that you understand the meaning.

  • 3.  Choose one of these:
  •        Write a paragraph using all your words.
  •        Play the quizlet games and take an online quiz. (parents sign)
  •        Play the studystack games and take an online quiz. (parents sign)

 

 

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1294980

http://quizlet.com/22324690/aug-sept-review-words-flash-cards/

 

1.      history - the study of the past

2.       historian- a person who studies history

3.      culture - the knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values of a group of people

4.      archaeology - the study of the past based on what people left behind

5.      Archaeologist- a person who studies archaeology

6.      fossil - a part or imprint of something that was once alive

7.      artifact - objects created by and used by humans

8.      geography - the study of the earth’s physical and cultural features

9.      environment - all the living and nonliving things that affect life in an area (climate, land, water, animals, etc.)

10.  resources - materials found in the earth that people need and value

11.  nomad- a person who regularly moves from place to place

12.  technology- tools and methods that help humans perform tasks

13.  domesticate- to tame plants or animals for human use

14.  specialization- different people focus on different jobs

15.  Paleolithic- Old Stone Age

16.  Neolithic- New Stone Age



Early Man
Due Date: 8/26/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

 

Welcome to your assignment page!

These are your vocabulary words for the week of August 22-26.

There will be a quiz over these words on August 26th.

 Your homework is also due August 26th. (for 100% do all three!)

 1.  Write your words and meanings.

2.  Write your words in a sentence that shows that you understand the meaning.

  • 3.  Choose one of these:
  •        Write a paragraph using all your words.
  •        Play the quizlet games and take an online quiz. (parents sign)
  •        Play the studystack games and take an online quiz. (parents sign)

 

 

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1294980

http://quizlet.com/22324690/aug-sept-review-words-flash-cards/

 

1.      history - the study of the past

2.       historian- a person who studies history

3.      culture - the knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values of a group of people

4.      archaeology - the study of the past based on what people left behind

5.      Archaeologist- a person who studies archaeology

6.      fossil - a part or imprint of something that was once alive

7.      artifact - objects created by and used by humans

8.      geography - the study of the earth’s physical and cultural features

9.      environment - all the living and nonliving things that affect life in an area (climate, land, water, animals, etc.)

10.  resources - materials found in the earth that people need and value

11.  nomad- a person who regularly moves from place to place

12.  technology- tools and methods that help humans perform tasks

13.  domesticate- to tame plants or animals for human use

14.  specialization- different people focus on different jobs

15.  Paleolithic- Old Stone Age

16.  Neolithic- New Stone Age



Get Ready for PASS and FINAL EXAM!
Due Date: 5/9/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

STUDY GUIDE VOCABULARY FOR PASS AND FINAL EXAM

The following words will be your homework from now until the end of the year. Your assignment will be to create a game like Bingo or a board game or another game as long as it uses the 30 words and meanings that I assign to you. This is needed so that each class will have games for all the words on the word list. Each game must have instructions on how to play it and answer cards for you to use as you run the game. The games will count as a Project grade and are due May 9th. We will play four or five games a day for that week. You are responsible for knowing ALL of the words for PASS testing and for your Final Exam. You are also being provided with Quizlet games to use as practice.

http://quizlet.com/63065032/midyear-exam-and-benchmark-vocabulary-words-flash-cards/

Early Man

1.      history - the study of the past

2.      culture - the knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values of a group of people

3.      geography - the study of the earth’s physical and cultural features

4.      environment - all the living and nonliving things in an area (climate, land, water, animals)

5.      domesticate- to tame plants or animals for human use

6.      specialization- a practice in which different people focus on different jobs

7.      Paleolithic and Neolithic –old and new Stone Age

8.      Hunter-gatherers- early people who survived by hunting and gathering their food

9.      Surplus - when there is more food than needed

Egypt

10.  Egypt- one of the first river valley civilizations along the Nile River in northeast Africa

11.  cataracts- strong rapids

12.  pharaoh- title used by the rulers of Egypt

13.  dynasty- series of rulers from the same family

14.  mummies- specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth

15.  hieroglyphics- the Egyptian writing system

Mesopotamia

16.  Mesopotamia -region in SW Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, one of the oldest civilizations

17.  Hammurabi’s Code- a set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life

18.  Polytheism -the worship of many gods

19.  Monotheism- the worship of one God

20.  Social hierarchy- the division of society by rank or class

21.  Cuneiform- the world’s first system of writing (Sumerian invention).

India

22.  Indus River - river where the Harappa Civilization developed in present day India and Pakistan

23.  Sanskrit- the most important language of ancient India

24.  Caste system- social group that people are born into and cannot change

25.  Hinduism- largest religion in India, largest polytheistic religion in the world

26.  reincarnation- process of rebirth

 

China

27.  Huang He (Yellow River)- flows from west to east almost 3,000 miles across northern China

28.  Confucianism- ideas of the most influential teacher in Chinese history, focused on good morals and relationships

29.  Taoism (Daoism)- Chinese philosophy that stressed living in harmony and balance

30.  Legalism- belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled

31.  Great Wall- barrier across China’s northern frontier built by farmers

Greece

32.  peninsula- a portion of land almost surrounded by water (on three sides)

33.  Mediterranean Sea- important body of water between Europe, Asia, and Africa

34.  Minoans- trading civilization that developed on the island of Crete

35.  Mycenaeans- earliest Greek speaking civilization, developed on the Greek mainland and islands

36.  Athens- most important city-state in ancient Greece, capital of Greece today

37.  direct democracy- form of government where all citizens participate

38.  representative democracy- form of government where citizens elect officials to make decisions

39.  polis- Greek city-state that was like a tiny independent country

40.  mythology- body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works

41.  Homer- early Greek poet who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey

42.  Aesop- writer famous for his fables

43.  fables- short stories that teach lessons about life or give advice on how to live

44.  Hellenistic period- time period when language and culture of Greece spread into conquered regions

45.  Alexander the Great- conqueror who spread Greek culture and language to regions he conquered

46.  Socrates- a philosopher with ideas about government and taught the Socratic method of questioning

47.  Plato- philosopher who wrote the Republic which describes his ideal government

48.  Aristotle- wrote books on philosophy of governments and divided them into 3 groups

49.  Archimedes- established the science of physics

50.  Pythagoras- established principles of geometry

ROME

51.  republic- type of government where people elect leaders to govern them

52.  Julius Caesar- powerful general and dictator of Rome who was assassinated in 44 BC

53.   Pax Romana- period of peace in the Roman Empire from 27 BC to AD 180 adopted

54.   Christianity- religion based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth

55.   Hannibal- military general from Carthage who attacked Rome in 218 B.C.

56.  Spartacus- gladiator that led thousands of slaves in a rebellion against Rome

57.  Justinian- Byzantine Emperor known for his code of law, emphasized Christianity

http://quizlet.com/63065032/midyear-exam-and-benchmark-vocabulary-words-flash-cards/

58.  Sahara Desert- largest desert in the world, located in Northern Africa

59.  rain forests- moist, densely wooded areas

60.  extended family- parents, children, close relatives often living in one household

61.  animism- belief that bodies of water, animals, trees, and other natural objects have spirits

62.  Niger River- provided source of water, food, and transportation for people in West Africa

63.  Ghana- empire that controlled the African salt and gold trade starting in the 8th century

64.  Mali- great kingdom that developed in West Africa, rose to power in the 13th century

65.  Songhai- African kingdom that rivaled Mali, capital at Gao, rose to power in the 15th century

http://quizlet.com/18957792/ancient-african-empires2-flash-cards/

66.  Trans-Saharan trade- used to exchange North African goods like salt and silk for West African goods like gold and ivory

67.  Timbuktu- important city for Mali and Songhai kingdoms as a center of Islamic life

68.  Gao- capital city of Songhai Empire

69.  Mansa Musa- Mali’s most famous ruler, spread Islam

http://quizlet.com/23223833/mayas-incas-and-aztecs-flash-cards/

70.  Columbian Exchange- exchange of food, animals, and ideas between the Old and New Worlds

71.  Mayans- civilization that developed in Central America from about 200 AD to 900 AD

72.  Yucatan- peninsula in Central America (Mexico, etc.) where the Mayan Civilization developed

73.  maize- corn

74.  Aztecs- civilization that developed in the central valley of Mexico starting in 1325

75.  Tenochtitlan- capital city of the Aztecs

76.  Conquistadors- Spanish conquerors

77.  Incas- civilization that developed in South America (especially Peru) beginning in the 1400s

78.  Quechua- the Inca language

79.  Francisco Pizarro- conquistador who conquered the Inca in 1537

http://quizlet.com/19339731/medieval-japan-flash-cards/

80.  1. clans- extended family

81.  2. Shinto- traditional religion of Japan

82.  3. lord- a person who has authority over others

83.  4. shrine- a holy place

84.  5. vassal-a noble who held land from and served a higher-ranking lord and in return was given protection

85.  6. feudalism-political system based on bonds between lords and vassals

86.  7. samurai- trained professional warriors

87.  8. guilds- business group formed by craftspeople and merchants

88.  9. daimyo- Japan’s large landowners

89.  10. shogun- general who ruled Japan in the emperor’s name

http://quizlet.com/20486581/middle-ages-week-2-magna-carta-and-crusades-flash-cards/

90.  Magna Carta- document signed in 1215 by King John of England that required the king to honor rights of the people

91.  Pope- the leader of the Roman Catholic Church

92.  monasteries- communities of monks

93.  Crusades- long series of wars between Christians and Muslims in Palestine (SW Asia)

94.  Holy Land- European name for Palestine - it was the region where Jesus lived, preached, and died

95.  monks- religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities

96.  missionaries- people who are sent out to teach their religion

97.  Black Death- a deadly plague (disease) that killed many people in Europe between 1347 and 1351, a.k.a. Bubonic Plague

98.  heresy- religious ideas that oppose accepted church teachings

http://quizlet.com/21030060/renaissance-flash-cards/

http://quizlet.com/21030060/renaissance-flash-cards/

101. Renaissance- “rebirth”, refers to the period that followed Europe’s Middle Ages

102. Marco Polo- trader from Venice who traveled to China and back

103. Florence- city in Italy that’s considered the birthplace of the Renaissance

104. humanism- way of thinking and learning that stresses the importance of individual abilities and achievements

105.Galileo- first person to study the sky with a telescope

106.Machiavelli- writer known for The Prince, giving advice on how rulers should rule

107.William Shakespeare- famous English writer

108.. Leonardo da Vinci- multi talented artist, painter of The Mona Lisa

109. Michelangelo- artist who painted the Sistine Chapel and sculpted David and The Pieta

http://quizlet.com/21271782/reformation-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/flashcard-1225455

110. Reformation- a reform movement against the Roman Catholic Church

111.. Johann Gutenberg- German printer, developed a printing press (the Bible was then available to many more people)

4. Pope- leader of the Catholic Church

112. Martin Luther- German priest who started the Reformation by nailing a list of complaints to a Catholic Church door

113. Protestants- those who protested against the Catholic Church

114. John Calvin- French Christian reformer who taught predestination and encouraged living good lives

115. Catholic Reformation- effort to stop the spread of Protestantism and to reform the Catholic Church from within, a.k.a. the Counter-Reformation

 

 

 



MoundBuilders
Due Date: 4/29/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Vocab Moundbuilders  quiz and homework due April 22, 2016        

http://quizlet.com/_e0ddi

 

1. Moundbuilders- ancient Native Americans who built large earthen mounds

2. Adena- moundbuilder group living in the Ohio River Valley from 1000BC to 200BC

3. Hopewell- moundbuilders from central Ohio

4. Mississippians—main Native American culture along the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers from 500AD to 1540

5. obsidian- a dark, natural glass formed by the cooling of lava

6. pottery- articles made from clay that is shaped while moist and hardened by heat

7. decline- to become less

8.geography - the study of the earth’s physical and cultural features

 

9.environment - all the living and nonliving things that affect life in an area (climate, land, water, animals)

 

10. resources - materials found in the earth that people need and value



Aztecs, Mayas, Incas
Due Date: 4/15/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Please learn thse new words but also keep reviewing the words from the beginning of the year.  This is now the last nine weeks and it's full of PASS tests, Exams and regular tests.  IT's time to "show what you know"!

Aztec,Maya, Inca Vocab. test

http://quizlet.com/23223833/mayas-incas-and-aztecs-flash-cards/

1. Columbian Exchange- exchange of food, animals, and ideas between the Old and New Worlds

2. Mayans- civilization that developed in Central America from about 200 AD to 900 AD

3. Yucatan- peninsula in Central America (Mexico, etc.) where the Mayan Civilization developed

4. maize- corn

5. Aztecs- civilization that developed in the central valley of Mexico starting in 1325

6. Tenochtitlan- capital city of the Aztecs

7. Conquistadors- Spanish conquerors

8. Incas- civilization that developed in South America (especially Peru) beginning in the 1400s

9. Quechua- the Inca language

10. Francisco Pizarro- conquistador who conquered the Inca in 1537



Explorers 1
Due Date: 3/24/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

These words are not due until March 24th.

We will be having District Benchmark tests this week.   We will begin Explorers after testing.  

(After Spring Break we still have Mayas, Incas, and Aztec civilizations to study before we come back to the explorers.  Then it will be reviewing for PASS, Final Exams and final Benchmarks! Time is really flying by!)

Explorer Vocabulary

http://quizlet.com/21510695/exploration-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1234867

1. New World- North and South America, or the “Americas”

2. Christopher Columbus- Italian sailor (explored for Spain) who landed in the Bahamas in 1492

3. Henry the Navigator- Prince from Portugal who built a navigation school to teach sailors

4. Bartholomew Dias- Portuguese sailor who reached the Cape of Good Hope in southern Africa in 1488

5.   Vasco da Gama- Portuguese sailor who sailed around Africa in 1498 and reached India

6. Pedro Alvares Cabral- Portuguese sailor who accidentally “discovered” South America in 1500

7. Ferdinand Magellan- Portuguese sailor (sailed for Spain) who led part of the first expedition around the tip of South America and around the world beginning in 1519

8. Circumnavigate- to travel all the way around the globe

9. Sir Francis Drake- English sailor who stole treasure from Spanish transport ships in the Americas

10. Spanish Armada- part of Spain’s large navy that was defeated by England in 1588



Renaissance and Reformation
Due Date: 3/4/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Both sets of words need to be learned.  Renaissance words and content will be tested March 4th and Reformation (under the Renaissance words) will be tested March 11th.

http://quizlet.com/21271782/reformation-flash-cards/

 

http://www.studystack.com/flashcard-1225455

 

1. Reformation- a reform movement against the Roman Catholic Church

 

2. Renaissance- period of “rebirth” following the Middle Ages

 

3. Johann Gutenberg- German printer, developed a printing press (the Bible was then available to many more people)

 

4. Pope- leader of the Catholic Church

 

5. Martin Luther- German priest who started the Reformation by nailing a list of complaints to a Catholic Church door

 

6. Protestants- those who protested against the Catholic Church

 

7. John Calvin- French Christian reformer who taught predestination and encouraged living good lives

 

8. Catholic Reformation- effort to stop the spread of Protestantism and to reform the Catholic Church from within, a.k.a. the Counter-Reformation

 

9. Jesuits- religious order created to serve the pope and the church

 

10. federalism- sharing of power between local governments and a strong central government

 

 

 

Vocabulary Renaissance http://quizlet.com/21030060/renaissance-flash-cards/

1. Renaissance- “rebirth”, refers to the period that followed Europe’s Middle Ages

2.Marco Polo- trader from Venice who traveled to China and back

3. Florence- city in Italy that’s considered the birthplace of the Renaissance

4. Duomo- cathedral in Florence, Italy

5. humanism- way of thinking and learning that stresses the importance of individual abilities and achievements

6. Galileo- first person to study the sky with a telescope

7. Machiavelli- writer known for The Prince, giving advice on how rulers should rule

8. William Shakespeare- famous English writer

9. Leonardo da Vinci- multi talented artist, painter of The Mona Lisa

10. Michelangelo- artist who painted the Sistine Chapel and sculpted David and The Pieta



MIddle Ages week 2
Due Date: 2/12/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Middle Ages week 2

http://quizlet.com/20486581/middle-ages-week-2-magna-carta-and-crusades-flash-cards/

1. Magna Carta- document signed in 1215 by King John of England that required the king to honor rights of the people

2. Pope- the leader of the Roman Catholic Church

3. monasteries- communities of monks

4. Crusades- long series of wars between Christians and Muslims in Palestine (SW Asia)

5. Holy Land- European name for Palestine because it was the region where Jesus lived, preached, and died

6. monks- religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities

7. missionaries- people who are sent out to teach their religion

8. Black Death- a deadly plague (disease) that killed many people in Europe between 1347 and 1351, a.k.a. Bubonic Plague

9. heresy- religious ideas that oppose accepted church teachings

10. St. Patrick- missionary who converted the people of Ireland to Christianity



Middle Ages week 1
Due Date: 2/5/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Middle Ages week 1  

http://quizlet.com/20159760/medieval-europe-flash-cards/

 

1. Middle Ages- period that lasted from about 500 to 1500 AD

2. Medieval period- another name for the Middle Ages

3. fief- land granted to a vassal

4. serf- a peasant who could not leave without the lord’s approval

5. guild- a business group organized by crafts-people

6. Charlemagne- powerful king of the Franks (lived 742-814)

7. Vikings- invaders from Scandinavia who raided much of Europe and North Africa

8. knights- warriors who fought on horseback

9. vassal- a knight or noble who promised to support a lord in exchange for land

10. feudalism- system of obligations that governed the relationships between lords and vassals in medieval Europe



Japan vocab.
Due Date: 1/29/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Vocabulary Japan

http://quizlet.com/19339731/medieval-japan-flash-cards/

 

1. clans- extended family

2. Shinto- traditional religion of Japan

3. lord- a person who has authority over others

4. shrine- a holy place

5. vassal-a noble who held land from and served a higher-ranking lord and in return was given protection

6. feudalism-political system based on bonds between lords and vassals

7. samurai- trained professional warriors

8. guilds- business group formed by craftspeople and merchants

9. daimyo- Japan’s large landowners

10. shogun- general who ruled Japan in the emperor’s name



Africa 2
Due Date: 1/22/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Africa 2 Vocabulary

http://quizlet.com/18957792/ancient-african-empires2-flash-cards/

 

1. tsetse fly- found in forest region of Africa – deadly to domestic animals

2. Sahel- “shore” in Arabic, land with little rainfall dividing the desert from wetter areas

3. Trans-Saharan trade- used to exchange North African goods like salt and silk for West African goods like gold and ivory

4. Timbuktu- important city for Mali and Songhai kingdoms as a center of Islamic life

5. Gao- capital city of Songhai Empire

6. Mansa Musa- Mali’s most famous ruler, spread Islam

7. Almoravids- North African Muslims who invaded and controlled Ghana’s empire in the 1060s

8. cotton- introduced to West Africa that was used to make clothing

9. griots- storytellers of early West Africa

10. kola nuts- seed from a cola tree that contains caffeine



Africa 1
Due Date: 1/15/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Vocabulary Africa 1 Due Friday, Jan.15,2016

http://quizlet.com/18659046/ancient-african-civilizations-1-flash-cards/

 

1. Sub-Saharan Africa- Africa south of the Sahara

 2. Sahara Desert- largest desert in the world, located in Northern Africa

 3. Berbers- original inhabitants of North Africa

 4. rain forests- moist, densely wooded areas

 5. extended family- parents, children, close relatives often living in one household

 6. animism- belief that bodies of water, animals, trees, and other natural objects have spirits

 7. Niger River- provided source of water, food, and transportation for people in West Africa

 8. Ghana- empire that controlled the African salt and gold trade starting in the 8th century

 9. Mali- great kingdom that developed in West Africa, rose to power in the 13th century

 10. Songhai- African kingdom that rivaled Mali, capital at Gao, rose to power in the 15th century



MidYear Exam Study Guide
Due Date: 1/8/2016
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Below is the Study Guide for the MidYear Exam to be given to everyone on January 8th.  Students must be able to answer questions about these facts as well as other ideas that we have studied so far.   Students will also be tested by the district using their Benchmark test over all information that we have covered so far which includes Paleolithic and Neolithic Man, the four River Valley Civilizations, Greece and Rome. 

This same information will be assessed by the district Benchmark test. 

Rome study guide
Due Date: 12/17/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Roman Civilization

6-2.3 and 6-2.4

 

Geography of Italy

  • boot shaped
  • extends into Mediterranean Sea
  • Alps form northern border
  • Apennines extend through Italy from north to south

 

Rome

  • built by Latins **Language of ancient Rome
  • built on plain of Latium
  • located in central Italy on the Tiber River (15 miles from Mediterranean Sea)
  • two stories tell of beginning: legend of Romulus and Remus and the tale of Aeneas

 

 

Roman Civilization

  • influenced by Greeks
    • alphabet, gods, goddesses--mythology
    • architecture, literature, and sculpture
    • growing grapes and olives
  • influenced by Etruscans
    • changed Rome from straw-roofed huts into a city of brick and wood buildings
    • new dress - short cloaks and tunics
    • model for Roman army

 

Birth of Republic-(representative democracy-like the USA) (100 sentators-6yrs) 435-representatives-2yrs=CONGRESS)**make/pass laws for the USA

  • rebelled against Tarquin family
  • set up a republic
    • form of government in which the leader is not a king or queen but someone put into office by citizens with the right to vote
    • citizens have the power
  • spent 200 yrs. conquering neighbors (Latins and Greek) to gain control of majority of Italy

 

Study Questions

  1. Where did the Greek live in Italy? How did they influence the Romans?
  2. Who influenced the Roman the most? Explain.
  3. Describe the geography of Rome. How was the geography influential in protecting the Romans as well as allowing for trade and interaction between other lands?
  4. Though legends exist explaining the beginning of Rome, how was it actually founded?
  5. What is a republic? Why did the Romans create a republic?

 

Rome’s Government

  • Citizens divided into two classes
    • patricians - wealthy landowners
    • plebeians – artisans, shopkeepers, and owners of small farms; couldn’t hold political office
  • Consuls
    • Top government official
    • patricians
    • served one year as the civil and military authority
  • Praetors
    • interpreted the law
    • acted as judges in court cases

 

 

  • Senate
    • most important legislative body
    • one of many assemblies created to give people a voice, directly or indirectly
  • Dictator
    • had absolute power during emergencies
    • appointed temporarily by Senate
    • offset system of Checks and Balances
      • government structured to prevent any one group or body from consolidating too much power

 

Plebeians Against Patricians

  • Plebeians complained about so little power and went on strike
    • refused to serve in army
    • left city and set up own republic
    • Patricians agreed to share power
  • Plebeians set up own body of representatives
    • Council of the Plebs
    • elected representatives called tribunes
      • brought concerns to government’s attention
      • could veto government decisions
  • Eventually allowed to become consuls

 

Roman Laws

  • Influenced legal system of United States
  • First code of laws – Twelve Tables
    • basis of all Roman law
    • only applied to Roman citizens
  • “Rule of Law”
    • all people treated equally and the same by the legal system

 

Study Questions

  1. How was Roman government republican in nature?
  2. Describe the structure of Roman government.
  3. How did the Roman government help structure the republican principles we live under today?
  4. What is the “rule of law”?
  5. Why did plebeians originally have so little power? How was this changed?

 

Roman Expansion

  • Carthage was a powerful enemy of Rome
  • First Punic War
    • dispute between Rome and Carthage over Sicily
    • Lasted 20 years – Rome won
  • Second Punic War
    • Carthage expanded into Spain
    • Rome helped Spain rebel
  • Third Punic War
    • Rome defeated Carthage
  • During the Punic Wars, Rome expanded its control throughout the Mediterranean

 

 

 

 

 

 

Julius Caesar

  • Created First Triumvirate – political alliance of three people
    • Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey
    • weakened the Senate and patrician class
  • Caesar marched on Rome and defeated Pompey’s forces after Crassus died in battle
  • Declared himself dictator of Rome for life
    • Responsible for Rome’s move toward a dictatorship and away from a republic democracy
  • Created Julian calendar
  • Killed by enemies on March 15 – “Ides of March” 44 b.c-assassinated by the Roman Senate

 

Roman Empire

  • Second Triumvirate
    • formed by Octavian (Caesar’s nephew), Antony (general), and Lepidus (general)
    • power struggle
  • Antony formed an alliance with Cleopatra (Egypt)
    • Octavian declared war on Antony and defeated forces
  • Octavian emerged as sole leader
    • Limited power of Senate
    • Declared himself ruler for life (emperor)-made Rome an Empire-instead of a republic democracy
    • Given title “Caesar Augustus”
    • End of Roman Republic and beginning of Roman Empire

 

Emperor Augustus

  • Pax Romana – long era of peace, prosperity, and expansion that began with Augustus
  • Built permanent army
    • Conquered Spain and Gaul
    • Conquered lands known today as Austria, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria
  • Replaced Senate with proconsuls (governors)
  • Created laws for those who were not citizens

 

Study Questions

  1. What areas were controlled by the Roman Empire? How was Rome able to expand into these areas?
  2. Compare and contrast Julius Caesar and Caesar Augustus.
  3. Why did Roman become an empire?
  4. What were the Punic Wars? What was the outcome of the wars?

 

Roman Culture

  • Romans built upon influences of Greek civilization
    • Sculpture and architecture
      • Portrayed people with flaws
      • More lifelike than Greeks
    • Mythology
      • Worshiped gods and goddesses
  • Architecture and Engineering
    • Geared toward solving problems associated with everyday life
    • Modified traditional post and lintel construction
    • Developed arch to build higher and more stable structures (Colosseum and Pantheon)
    • Domes
    • Roads allowed empire to be unified for trade and protection
    • Aqueducts
      • supplied fresh water to cities
      • human-made water channels for carrying water long distances

 

Factors Leading Decline of Rome

  • Economic costs of sustaining an empire
    • Had to maintain a military in distant lands
    • Had to protect trade within the empire
    • Government had to support people who lost their land and moved to cities
    • People forced to pay high taxes
  • Division into eastern and western empires
    • Civil wars
  • Decline of traditional values on which Roman society had been built and prospered
    • Corruption among citizens
    • Decline in moral values
  • External threats (invasions and attacks)
    • Vandals
    • Angles
    • Saxons
    • Huns
    • Visigoths

 

Legacy of Rome

  • Law and government of United States today is influenced by the laws and government of Ancient Rome
  • Alphabet
  • Architecture – domes and arches
  • Christianity (began in Roman Empire)

 

Study Questions

  1. Why were aqueducts important?
  2. What lands did Augustus conquer during his reign?
  3. What ideals in the US legal system came from the Roman system?
  4. Explain the rise and fall of the Roman Empire. What caused the empire to expand? What caused the empire to fall?
  5. Who were the external threats to the Roman Empire?
  6. Identify examples of classical Roman architecture.

Christianity project
Due Date: 12/16/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Students are to create a project, poster, paper, booklet, or brochure on Christianity. This is due on or before January 8, 2016.

 


Mid term exam study guide part one
Due Date: 12/16/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

 

 

Sixth Grade Social Studies Mid Term Exam

Study Guide

6-1.1

Describe the life of a hunter-gatherer.

6-1.2

What is the domestication of animals?

Irrigation of crops

Permanent settlements- trade and specialized crafts

How did the Neolithic Revolution increase the population and increase food supply?

Neolithic Period- changed from hunting-gathering to growing crops

6-1.3

Egypt, Mesopotamia, Shang China and the Indus Valley- Name the rivers for each and why the rivers were important.

Egypt- flood cycle of the Nile River created what?

Huang He- development of civilization

Early writing forms: Sumerians-cuneiform, Egypt-hieroglyphics, Chinese-calligraphy, ideographs and pictographs

Pyramids- tombs for pharaohs

Phoenician society- use of alphabet

Hieroglyphics and cuneiform- recorded history in which civilizations?

Trade- lack of wanted goods

6-1.4

Christianity started during the Roman Empire

Judaism- belief in one God

Polytheistic Religion-many gods

 

6-3.1

Silk Road- great trade route from China across Central Asia to the Mediterranean Sea.

China-Gunpowder, kites, acupuncture, seismographs, porcelain, silks, and woodblock prints.

Map- Spread of Islam

6-2.1

Athens- first democracy

Oligarchy- multiple leadership

Socrates- philosopher, taught through questions

Alexander the Great- spread Greek culture to Asia and Africa.

6-2.3

Rome- Republic

Roman contributions to engineering and architecture- aqueducts, paved roads, colosseum

Pax Romana- 200 year period of peace

Romans- cement

Roman religion- Greek gods and goddesses

6-2.4

Julius Caesar- elected dictator for life

Fall of Rome- Germanic invasions, corrupt officials, heavy taxes

Classical writings of Hinduism- Epics and Sagas


exam study guide part 2
Due Date: 12/16/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

2015-16-Sixth Grade Social Studies First Semester Exam Study guide-Ms. Hucks

1.  How did Islam spread to North Africa? Along trade routes from the Middle East/ Muslim traders.

2.       What two things brought wealth to the African kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai ? gold and salt

3.       Under which Chinese dynasty did gunpowder originate in? Han Dynasty

4.       Which Byzantine emperor was responsible for organizing and simplifying old Roman law into a new code?

Justinian Code

5.       What is Byzantine culture best known for? preserving Greek and Roman culture-(architecture,mythology,democracy,philosophy)

6.       What did the eastern portion of the Roman Empire become known as? Byzantine Empire

7.       Why did Constantinople become the center of the Byzantine Empire? Its location made it the crossroads of Europe and Asia.

8.       What type of society needed access to a variety of raw materials to survive? Hunter-gatherer (Paleolithic Era)

9.       Why were Hunter-gatherers nomadic? (why did they migrate?) to find/follow food/animals

10.    Farmers could improve the quality and quantity of food produced once they learned what? Domestication of plants and animals, irrigation

11.    By forming permanent settlements, early people were able to organize their social groups. Characteristics of these social groups include what? some form of government,tamed livestock,permanent dwellings

12.    Where is the Indus River Civilization located? Present day Pakistan, India

13.    Where is the Nile River Civilization located? present day Egypt

14.    Where is the Huang He Civilization located? present day China

15.    Where is the Tigris-Euphrates River(s) Civilization located? ancient Mesopotamia

16.    Who invented cuneiform? Sumerians in Mesopotamia

17.    Who invented hieroglyphics? Egypt

18.    What was the purpose of the pyramids? Which civilization perfected the building of pyramids? tombs for the pharaohs

19.     What does “specialization” mean?With an agricultural surplus, early civilizations could have different people do different things. Some people were in the army, some were farmers, some collected taxes, and others built of roads.(learning a skill)

20.     What is the difference between the Paleolithic and the Neolithic eras? Paleolitihic-lived in caves,hunted,gathered food, had fire, stone weapons. Neolithic-developed agriculture, domesticated plants, animals, permanent settlements

21.    What did the development of agriculture lead to? Specialization of jobs, development of language, government

22.    What were early economies based on? Agriculture

23.    Which development was an important contribution of Muslim culture to civilization? advances in science and medicine, math

24.    Who was the founder of Islam? Mohammad

25.    What is the name of the holy book of Islam? The Quran/Koran What is Islam based on? The Five Pillars

26.    What is the world’s first major monotheistic religion called? Judaism (Jewish, Hebrew), Christianity branched out of Judaism

27.    What is the name of the holy book of Judaism? The Torah/Old Testament

28.    Who did Rome go to war with for control of the Mediterranean? Carthage

29.    What event signaled the end of the Roman republic and the beginning of the Roman empire with an emperor? The assassination of Julius Caesar by the Roman senate

30.    Who was the first emperor of the Roman empire? Octavian/ Augustus Caesar-when Octavian defeated Marc Antony-ended civil war

31.    What development had the greatest influence on the culture of North Africa and the Middle East? Religion of Islam

32.    Early Christianity was spread through which empire? The Roman Empire-later known as The Holy Roman Empire

33.    Which Roman emperor made Christianity the MAIN religion of Rome? Constantine-for which the city of Constantinople is named.

34.    Which is a sacred city to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam? Jerusalem-which is in Israel

35.    What civilization is credited with being the world’s first democracy, or government in which people ruled or had a voice? Athens, Greece

36.    What type of democracy did the Romans create that we use in the USA today? A republic

37.    Ancient Greece was home to many great philosophers. What philosopher taught that the way to seek truth is through a series of questions and answers? Socrates-who taught Plato-who taught Aristotle-who taught Macedonian conqueror-Alexander the Great-who spread Hellenistic/Greek culture to the places he conquered

38.    Who was the Macedonian responsible for spreading Greek/Hellenistic culture to Asia and Africa? Alexander the Great

39.    In 509 B.C. Rome set up a form of government which included a leader and a lawmaking body. What is this type of government called? A republic

40.    What was the early Roman religion like? Their gods and goddess were similar to Greek gods and goddesses.

41.    What were the main reasons why the Roman empire collapsed? Heavy, high taxes, corrupt government officials, invasions from Germanic and other groups

42.    What are the primary writings of classical Hinduism called? The Vedas-What is the sacred book of Islam called? The Qu’ran/Koran-What is the sacred book of Judaism called? The Torah/Old Testament What are the two sacred books of Christianity called? The Bible-it includes the (Jewish) Old Testament and the New Testament (about teachings of Jesus)

43.    What was of the trade route that connected Chinese civilization and goods to the Roman Empire called? The Silk Road

44.    What trade made the West African kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai rich and powerful? Trading of salt and gold

45.    Give Examples of Chinese contributions: porcelain, wood block printing, gunpowder, fireworks,*silk,-writing is symbols, pictographs, paper, seismograph Give Examples of Chinese contributions: porcelain, wood block printing, gunpowder, fireworks,*silk,- Used in apparel and art, silk became the staple of trade with the east and, more than any other product, was a symbol of ancient China. Writing is symbols, pictographs, paper, seismograph

46.    What West African city was known as a center of trade and learning in the 1300s? Timbuktu

 

Add:

Caste System –each caste had distinct roles in society and caste guided members in issues such

as occupation, foods eaten, and marriage.

 

Sumer/ Mesopotamia contributions-achievements:

Civilizations/cultures that developed here were the Sumerian, Babylonian, Phoenician; -between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

Created ziggurats-temples in center of city

Cuneiform-world’s first known writing

Hammurabi’s Code.

 

Ancient India

Developed in the Indus River valley (Harappan);worship Hinduism-polytheistic Hinduism and Buddhist –karma, reincarnation

Hinduism is the world’s largest polytheistic religion with it pantheon of gods

and goddesses seen as part of a universal soul/deity known as the Brahman.

One major concept is reincarnation, a belief in a cycle of life, death, rebirth –writing was Sanskrit

BUDDHISM:

Origins: Began in India and incorporated much of Hinduism in its practice. Founder(s): Siddhartha Gautama was an Indian prince raised in a lifestyle of luxury and comfort who, upon encountering the misery and suffering of the poor in the streets, began

to question the meaning of life. Gautama left his city and wandered through the land. He

became know as Buddha, “Enlightened One”.

Four Noble Truths

1. Life is full of pain and suffering.

2. Human desire causes this suffering.

3. By putting an end to desire, humans can end suffering.

4. Humans can end desire by following the Eightfold Path.

Ancient Egyptians

Developed along the Nile in Egypt (Africa)

Created hieroglyphics-picture symbols (translated w/ help of discovery of the Rosetta Stone)

Pyramids, Sphinx, mummification, polytheistic

Ancient Greeks

Democracy, philosophy, Hellenistic culture, architecture (columns), science, medicine, math, mythology, acropolis, polis

Ancient Romans-

Copied much of the Greek culture-gods, goddesses, architectural styles

Julian calendar

Twelve Tables

Justinian Code

republic

 

Major religions-

Judaism-first major monotheistic religion-Founder(s): Abraham is the “Father of the Hebrews.” Moses was the law-giver and author of the first books of the Torah. Yahweh (God) Hebrews/Jewish

 

CHRISTIANITY:

Origins: Grew from and is an extension of Judaism – with Jesus Christ as the Messiah.

Founder(s): Jesus Christ is the originator of Christianity. Early significant leaders were

Paul, Peter, and John. Christianity was adopted as the

official religion of the Roman Empire .

ISLAM:

Origins: Originated in the Arabian Peninsula in the city of Mecca.

Founder(s): Mohammed

Principles: Islam is the world’s third great monotheistic religion and sees itself as

fulfillment of God’s (Allah) .The Qu’ran (Koran) contains the sacred

writings of Islam. The most important beliefs/acts are known as the Five Pillars of Islam.

CONFUCIANISM:

Origins: China during the Zhou (Chou) Dynasty. After the end of feudalism crime was

rampant and Confucius spoke of returning to the moral standards of the ancients.

Founder(s): Kung Fu-Tzu (Confucius) 551-479 BC

Principles: It is not a religion but rather is an ethical code dealing with the moral

character of individuals, society, and government.

TAOISM:

Origins: Grew from ancient Chinese philosophies that were merged into one basic

teaching. In some ways it grew from a reaction to the spread of Confucianism and

Buddhism.

Founder(s): Lao-Tse

Principles: Tao (Dao) means “The Way” (or the Path) and it’s a series of philosophical

teachings that focuses on achieving balance and harmony in the universe, and in one’s

life

 

 

River Valley Civilizations

 

 

Mesopotamia

Egypt

India

China

Major Rivers

Pg 17 (map)

 

Tigris and Euphrates

Pg 39 (text)

 

The Nile

Pg 195 (map)

 

Ganges and Indus

Pg 225 map

 

Huang He (yellow)

Yangtze

Continent

Asia

(part of the middle east)

Africa

 

Asia

Asia

Neighboring Countries/Body of water

Pg 17 (map)

Arabian Desert

Egypt

Mediterranean Sea

Syrian Desert

Pg 39 (map)

Mediterranean Sea

East and West desert

Red Sea

Pg 195 (map)

Arabian Sea

Bay of Bengal

Himalayan Mountains

Hindu Kush mountains

 

Pg 225 map

Pacific Ocean

China Sea

Yellow Sea

Mongolia

Gobi Desert

Himalaya Mountains

Writing System

Pg 20

 

Cuneiform

Invented Writing

 

Pg 42

 

Hieroglyphics

Pg 199

 

Sanskrit

Pg 228

 

Pictographs

Ideographs

Religion

 

Define AND write the name of the religion

Polytheistic (many gods)

Gods have power over natural forces (flooding)

Judaism- Hebrews –

Believed in God, Holy Book=Old Testament of Bible (Torah)

 

 

Pg 49

Polytheistic

Main god was the Sun God Re

Hapi ruled the Nile

Isis-Most important goddess

Pg 203

Hinduism—Polytheistic

Brahman –one universal spirit

 

Pg 205

Buddhism: Reach Nirvana (a perfect state of wisdom)

Pg 238

Confucianism

Daoism

Legalism

(See notes for descriptions)

 

Important Contributions

 

Define and explain why they are important

Hammurabi’s Code pg 23, 24, 25

A code of laws

First formal laws

Justice

 

Ziggurat pg 18,19

Square tiered temples used for worshiping the gods

 

Irrigation pg 18,19

Ways to get water to the farms

 

Wheel, Plow, Sailboat, # system based on 60 (60sec, 60 min)

Calendar

Dynasty (pg 44)

A line of rulers (men) from the same family

 

 

Mummies pg 50

Dead bodies wrapped in linen after being embalmed. Mainly the rich and powerful.

 

 

 

Pyramid pg 50

Gigantic stone structures built as a tomb for Pharaohs

 

Hatshepsut page 62,63 female pharaoh who increased Egypt’s trading power

 

Caste System pg 200

Born into a group and cannot change. Dictates your job, wife, and friends

(see chart)

 

Eightfold Path pg 206 (define don’t list)

(Buddhism) Eight steps to eliminate suffering. Buddhas teachings are The 4 Noble Truths

 

Harrapa and Mohenjo Daro pg 196

First cities- indoor plumbing, waste removal, peaceful, advanced

 

 

245

Paper

waterwheels

acupuncture

rudder

 

Silk Road pg 246

Network of trade routes that went from China to Mediterranean Sea

 

 

Great Wall pg 242

A huge wall constructed keep out invaders



MidYear Exam Study Guide
Due Date: 12/17/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Below is the Study Guide for the MidYear Exam to be given to everyone on January 8th.  Students must be able to answer questions about these facts as well as other ideas that we have studied so far.   Students will also be tested by the district using their Benchmark test over all information that we have covered so far which includes Paleolithic and Neolithic Man, the four River Valley Civilizations, Greece and Rome. 

This same information will be assessed by the district Benchmark test. 

 

Ancient Greece

Greece is a peninsula surrounded on 3 sides by the Mediterranean Sea. The land is very mountainous so there is very little farmland. Because of the closeness to the water, the

Greeks became expert sailors and ship builders.            

The Minoans were one of the first civilizations of Greece. They lived on the island of Crete.

They made their wealth by trading.

The Mycenaeans invaded the Greek mainland around 1900 BC and started the kingdom of Mycenae. This civilization was on the mainland of Greece. They were also sailors.

   After the Dark Ages, the Greek kings had been overthrown. They created city-states, known as a polis.

The main gathering place was called an agora which is where people bought and traded but also could debate issues. The acropolis was usually built on top of a hill.

They held the meetings outside so everyone could attend. Each city state was run by its citizens. They were the first people to develop the idea of democracy.

 

 

Under this type of democracy, citizens choose a smaller group to make laws and government decisions for them._________________ Representative democracy    

Where was the first democracy? ___________________________ Athens

What are stories describing gods or heroes or explain natural events? Myths

What is a government in which a small group of people holds power? oligarchy

What is a government in which one person holds the power?   monarchy

What is a person who takes power by force and rules with total authority? Tyrant

The Iliad and the Odyssey were epic poems written by Homer about the Trojan War.

 

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At the age of 7, Spartan boys were trained to be soldiers.

To make them strong and healthy, Spartan women received physical training.

Phillip II and his son, Alexander the Great were from Macedonia.

Alexander the Great and his army crossed the Indus River in India but turned around went home because his soldiers were exhausted. He had conquered most of the known world before he died at age 32.

Alexander the Great had which three places in his empire? Rome     Macedonia       Syria      

What did the ancient Greeks value? Philosophy, realistic paintings and statues, and architecture

Greek contributions= myths, fables, drama, epics, columns, arches, plays, first to write about history

Philosophers- Socrates- Socratic Method of questioning

                        Plato- wrote the Republic about the ideal society

                        Aristotle- live life in moderation and use reason, ordered thinking

                        Euclid- father of geometry

Pythagoras-Pythagorean Theorem                 

Archimedes- engineer and mathematician

Hippocrates- how doctors should behave

 

River Valley Civilizations

 

 

Mesopotamia

Egypt

India

China

Major Rivers

Pg 17 (map)

 

Tigris and Euphrates

Pg 39 (text)

 

The Nile

Pg 195 (map)

 

Ganges and Indus

Pg 225 map

 

Huang He (yellow)

Yangtze

Continent

Asia

(part of the middle east)

Africa

 

Asia

Asia

Neighboring Countries/Body of water

Pg 17 (map)

Arabian Desert

Egypt

Mediterranean Sea

Syrian Desert

Pg 39 (map)

Mediterranean Sea

East and West desert

Red Sea

Pg 195 (map)

Arabian Sea

Bay of Bengal

Himalayan Mountains

Hindu Kush mountains

 

Pg 225 map

Pacific Ocean

China Sea

Yellow Sea

Mongolia

Gobi Desert

Himalaya Mountains

Writing System

Pg 20

 

Cuneiform

Invented Writing

 

Pg 42

 

Hieroglyphics

Pg 199

 

Sanskrit

Pg 228

 

Pictographs

Ideographs

Religion

 

Define AND write the name of the religion

Polytheistic (many gods)

Gods have power over natural forces (flooding)

Judaism- Hebrews –

Believed in God, Holy Book=Old Testament of Bible (Torah)

 

 

Pg 49

Polytheistic

Main god was the Sun God Re

Hapi ruled the Nile

Isis-Most important goddess

Pg 203

Hinduism—Polytheistic

Brahman –one universal spirit

 

Pg 205

Buddhism: Reach Nirvana (a perfect state of wisdom)

Pg 238

Confucianism

Daoism

Legalism

(See notes for descriptions)

 

Important Contributions

 

Define and explain why they are important

Hammurabi’s Code pg 23, 24, 25

A code of laws

First formal laws

Justice

 

Ziggurat pg 18,19

Square tiered temples used for worshiping the gods

 

Irrigation pg 18,19

Ways to get water to the farms

 

Wheel, Plow, Sailboat, # system based on 60 (60sec, 60 min)

Calendar

Dynasty (pg 44)

A line of rulers (men) from the same family

 

 

Mummies pg 50

Dead bodies wrapped in linen after being embalmed. Mainly the rich and powerful.

 

 

 

Pyramid pg 50

Gigantic stone structures built as a tomb for Pharaohs

 

Hatshepsut page 62,63 female pharaoh who increased Egypt’s trading power

 

Caste System pg 200

Born into a group and cannot change. Dictates your job, wife, and friends

(see chart)

 

Eightfold Path pg 206 (define don’t list)

(Buddhism) Eight steps to eliminate suffering. Buddhas teachings are The 4 Noble Truths

 

Harrapa and Mohenjo Daro pg 196

First cities- indoor plumbing, waste removal, peaceful, advanced

 

 

245

Paper

waterwheels

acupuncture

rudder

 

Silk Road pg 246

Network of trade routes that went from China to Mediterranean Sea

 

 

Great Wall pg 242

A huge wall constructed keep out invaders



Rome 1 and 2
Due Date: 12/15/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

 

http://quizlet.com/17986589/ancient-rome-flash-cards/ quiz Dec. 15, 2015

1. republic- type of government where people elect leaders to govern them

2. dictators- rulers with absolute power

3. plebeians- common people

4. patricians- powerful nobles

5. Julius Caesar- powerful general and dictator of Rome who was assassinated in 44 BC

6. Augustus- first Roman emperor, adopted son of Julius Caesar and formerly known as Octavian

7. Pax Romana- period of peace in the Roman Empire from 27 BC to AD 180

8. aqueducts- a raised channel used to carry water from mountains into cities

9. arches- rounded structures that can support more weight than other shapes

10. Christianity- religion based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth

11. Forum- Rome’s public meeting place

12. Hannibal- military general from Carthage who attacked Rome in 218 B.C.

13. Spartacus- gladiator that led thousands of slaves in a rebellion against Rome

14. Justinian- Byzantine Emperor known for his code of law, emphasized Christianity

15. Constantinople- capital of the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire



Greece 2 and 3
Due Date: 12/4/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Vocabulary Greece 2 and 3 Due Dec.4

http://quizlet.com/17114778/ancient-greece-flash-cards/

http://quizlet.com/61540185/greece-3-flash-cards/

1. acropolis- a high hill that many Greek cities were built around

2. mythology- body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works

3. Athena- goddess of wisdom in Ancient Greece, city of Athens is named after her

4. Hercules- one of the most famous heroes, fought monsters and performed difficult tasks

5. Homer- early Greek poet who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey

6. Aesop- writer famous for his fables

7. fables- short stories that teach lessons about life or give advice on how to live

8. Achilles- great warrior who was killed when an arrow struck his heel

9. Hellenistic period- time period when language and culture of Greece spread into conquered regions

10. Alexander the Great- conqueror who spread Greek culture and language to regions he conquered; son of Phillip II

11. Aristotle- wrote books on philosophy of governments and divided them into 3 groups

12. Archimedes- established the science of physics

13. Pythagoras- established principles of geometry

14. tragedy-writing in which a person tries to overcome his difficulties but fails

15. comedy- writing with a happy ending

16. Socrates- a philosopher with ideas about government and taught the Socratic method of questioning

17. Plato- philosopher who wrote the Republic which describes his ideal government

18. Athens- capital of Greece, birthplace of democracy



Greece 1
Due Date: 11/20/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

GREECE 1

 

Midyear EXAMs will happen in January and will cover everything since the beginning of the year!

 

Vocabulary (Week of 11/15-11/20)

http://quizlet.com/17114778/ancient-greece-flash-cards/

1. peninsula- a portion of land almost surrounded by water (on three sides)

2. Mediterranean Sea- important body of water between Europe, Asia, and Africa

3. Minoans- trading civilization that developed on the island of Crete

4. Mycenaeans- earliest Greek speaking civilization, developed on the Greek mainland and islands

5. Athens- most important city-state in ancient Greece, capital of Greece today

6. aristocrats- rich landowners, part of the upper social class

7. citizens- people who had the right to participate in government

8. representative democracy- form of government where citizens elect officials to make decisions

9. direct democracy- form of government where all citizens participate

10. mythology- body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works

 



River Valley Comparison words
Due Date: 11/13/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

The following are all the words that you will need to know in order to compare the 4 civilizations. You have already learned all of these words and now it's time for you to show what you know! 

This week only, write the words and meanings only.  You will be using them in charts and other ways during the week.

 

Egypt and Mesopotamia Review Words

 

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1256140

 

http://quizlet.com/_8orwt Ancient Egypt http://quizlet.com/_8tcsm Ancient India

 

http://quizlet.com/_929l4 Ancient China

 

1. cataracts- strong rapids

 

2. delta- triangle-shaped area of land made of soil deposited by a river

 

3. pharaoh- title used by the rulers of Egypt

 

4. dynasty- series of rulers from the same family

 

5. mummies- specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth

 

6. pyramids- huge stone tombs with four triangle-shaped walls that met in a point on top

 

7. hieroglyphics- the Egyptian writing system

 

8. papyrus- a long lasting, paper- like material made from reeds

 

9. Rosetta Stone- a slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Greek, and a later form of Egyptian

 

10. sphinxes- imaginary creatures with bodies of lions and heads of other animals or humans

 

11. obelisk- a tall, four-sided pillar that is pointed on top

 

12. King Tutankhamen- Egyptian pharaoh who was buried with many treasures

 

13.Surplus - when there is more food than needed

 

14. Mesopotamia -region in SW Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, one of the oldest civilizations

 

15.Hammurabi’s Code- a set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life

 

16. Fertile Crescent - a large area of rich, or fertile, farmland

 

17. Silt- a mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks

 

18. Polytheism -the worship of many gods

 

19. Social hierarchy- the division of society by rank or class

 

20.Cuneiform- the world’s first system of writing (Sumerian invention)

 

21.Ziggurat- a pyramid-shaped temple tower

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indus Valley and China Review Words

 

22. subcontinent- large landmass that is part of a continent but separate because of physical features like mountains

 

23. monsoons- seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons

 

24. Indus - river where the Harappa Civilization developed in present day India and Pakistan

 

25. Aryans- group of invaders from Central Asia who settled in India

 

26. Sanskrit- the most important language of ancient India

 

27. Caste system- social group that people are born into and cannot change

 

28. Hinduism- largest religion in India, largest polytheistic religion in the world

 

29. reincarnation- process of rebirth

 

30. karma- the effects that good or bad actions have on a person’s soul- the consequences of how one live

 

31. Huang He (Yellow River)- flows from west to east almost 3,000 miles across northern China

 

32. oracle- prediction

 

33. lords- people of high rank

 

34. peasants- farmers, people of low rank

 

35. ethics- moral values

 

36. Confucianism- ideas of the most influential teacher in Chinese history, focused on good morals and relationships

 

37. Taoism (Daoism)- Chinese philosophy that stressed living in harmony and balance

 

38. Laozi- most famous Taoist teacher

 

39. Legalism- belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled

 

40. Great Wall- barrier across China’s northern frontier

 



China Inventions
Due Date: 11/6/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Chinese Inventions Vocabulary  Due 11/6/15       QUIZ AND TEST OVER ALL OF CHINA

http://quizlet.com/16083973/chinese-inventions-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1399406

1. seismograph- device that measures strength of an earthquake

2. sundial- uses position of shadows cast by the sun to tell time of day

3. acupuncture- practice of inserting fine needles through skin at specific points to cure disease or relieve pain

4. silk- a soft, light, highly valued fabric

5. Silk Road- 4,000 mile long network of routes stretching from China to the Mediterranean Sea

6. diffusion- spread of ideas from one culture to another, such as Buddhism coming to China from India

7.  porcelain - material made from fine clay and baked at high temperatures

8.calligraphy- the art of fine handwriting

9.  rudder- steering part under a boat

 10. waterwheel-  a wheel with buckets attached used to bring up water



China 1
Due Date: 10/30/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Vocabulary  due  10/30

http://quizlet.com/15222280/ancient-china-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/EditStackOptions2.jsp?studyStackId=1399391

1. Huang He (Yellow River)- flows from west to east almost 3,000 miles across northern China

2. oracle- prediction

3. lords- people of high rank

4. peasants- farmers, people of low rank

5. ethics- moral values

6. Confucianism- ideas of the most influential teacher in Chinese history, focused on good morals and relationships

7. Taoism (Daoism)- Chinese philosophy that stressed living in harmony and balance

8. Laozi- most famous Taoist teacher

9. Legalism- belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled

10. Great Wall- barrier across China’s northern frontier



Ancient India
Due Date: 10/23/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

In addition to the regular homework assignment, each student will create an ancient Indus River ValleyTravel Brochure following the guidelines given in class.  This is not a research or internet assignment and is to be done by the student - not typed.  They will work on it in class for two days using information in their notes, but if they don't finish, then it will have to be completed at home.  This will count as a test grade.

Ancient India due October 23

http://quizlet.com/_8tcsm

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1381114

1. subcontinent- large landmass that is part of a continent but separate because of physical features like mountains

2. monsoons- seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons

3. Indus- river where the Harappa Civilization developed in present day India and Pakistan

4. Aryans- group of invaders from Central Asia who settled in India

5. Sanskrit- the most important language of ancient India

6. caste system-  social group that people are born into and cannot change

7. Hinduism- largest religion in India, largest polytheistic religion in the world

8. reincarnation- process of rebirth

9. karma- the effects that good or bad actions have on a person’s soul- the consequences of how one lives

10. Himalaya- the highest mountains in the world-barrier between India and the rest of Asia

11. stupa- a Buddhist shrine shaped like a dome or mound

12. pilgrim- a person traveling to a religious shrine or place

13. Vedas of India- ancient songs and prayers used in religious ceremonies

14. Mahabharata- the longest epic poem in the world

15. epic poems- long poems that have a hero who performs important deeds

16. algorithm- a series of steps that you follow to solve a problem



Egypt 2
Due Date: 10/2/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Vocab. Egypt #2  Test Oct. 2

http://quizlet.com/_8orwt

http://www.studystack.com/fillin-1349096

 

1. hieroglyphics- the Egyptian writing system

2. papyrus- a long lasting, paper- like material made from reeds

3. Rosetta Stone- a slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Greek, and a later form of Egyptian

4. sphinxes- imaginary creatures with bodies of lions and heads of other animals or humans

5. obelisk- a tall, four-sided pillar that is pointed on top

6. King Tutankhamen-  Egyptian pharaoh who was buried with many treasures

7. Ramses the Great- pharaoh who ruled in the 1200s BC and fought the Hittites from Asia Minor

8. trade network- system of people in different lands who trade goods

9. export- items sent out to other regions

10. import- goods brought in from other regions 



Egypt 1
Due Date: 9/25/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Vocabulary Egypt #1 September 25

http://www.studystack.com/EditStackOptions2.jsp?studyStackId=1349084

http://quizlet.com/27222683/egypt-1-flash-cards/

1. cataracts- strong rapids

2. delta- triangle-shaped area of land made of soil deposited by a river

3. Menes- the first pharaoh who united Upper and Lower Egypt

4. pharaoh- title used by the rulers of Egypt

5. dynasty- series of rulers from the same family

6. Old Kingdom- period in Egyptian history that lasted from2700 BC to 2200 BC

7. nobles- people from rich and powerful families

8. mummies- specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth

9. elite- class of people from wealth and power

10. pyramids- huge stone tombs with four triangle-shaped walls that met in a point on top



Mesopotamia
Due Date: 9/18/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Vocabulary due Sept. 18

http://quizlet.com/25805001 

http://www.studystack.com/flashcard-1295051

1. civilization – complex societies

2.  irrigation- man-made way of watering crops

3.  Mesopotamia- region in SW Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers; one of the world’s oldest civilizations

4.  Hammurabi’s Code- a set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life

5. scribe- a person who is a record keeper

6.  city-state- city and its surrounding lands

7.  polytheism- the worship of many gods

8.  artisan- skilled worker

9.  cuneiform-  the world’s first system of writing (Sumerian invention)

10.  ziggurat- a pyramid-shaped temple tower

 

 

 

 

 



Early Man 2
Due Date: 9/11/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Your Homework is due Friday!

1.  Write your words and meanings.

2.  Write your words in sentences that prove you know what that word means.

3.  Choice-Write the words in a paragpraph or play the games below.

Quiz Friday, September 4, 2015  (Review words are possible!)

Homework and Quiz September 4

http://quizlet.com/25315922

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1303161

1.     prehistory- the time before there was writing

2.     ancestor- a relative who lived in the past

3.     tool- any handheld object that has been modified to help a person accomplish a task

4.     society- a community of people who share a common culture

5.     hunter-gatherer- people who hunt animals and gather wild plants, seeds, fruits, and nuts to survive

6.     migrate- to move to a new place

7.     land bridge- a strip of land connecting two continents

8.     ice ages- long periods of freezing weather

9.     domestication- the process of changing plants or animals to make them more useful to humans

10.                        agriculture- farming, producing one’s own food

Review Words

11.                        Paleolithic – Old Stone Age

12.                        Neolithic- New Stone Age



Early Man
Due Date: 8/28/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Welcome to your assignment page!

These are your vocabulary words for the week of August 24-28th .

There will be a quiz over these words on Friday, August 28th.

 Your homework is also due .

 1.  Write your words and meanings.

2.  Write your words in a sentence that shows that you understand the meaning.

  • 3.  Choose one of these:
  •        Write a paragraph using all your words.
  •        Play the quizlet games and take an online quiz. (parents sign on the page of sentences and meanings)
  •        Play the studystack games and take an online quiz. (parents sign on the page of sentences and meanings)

 

 

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1294980

http://quizlet.com/22324690/aug-sept-review-words-flash-cards/

 

1.      history - the study of the past

2.       historian- a person who studies history

3.      culture - the knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values of a group of people

4.      archaeology - the study of the past based on what people left behind

5.      Archaeologist- a person who studies archaeology

6.      fossil - a part or imprint of something that was once alive

7.      artifact - objects created by and used by humans

8.      geography - the study of the earth’s physical and cultural features

9.      environment - all the living and nonliving things that affect life in an area (climate, land, water, animals, etc.)

10.  resources - materials found in the earth that people need and value

11.  nomad- a person who regularly moves from place to place

12.  technology- tools and methods that help humans perform tasks

13.  domesticate- to tame plants or animals for human use

14.  specialization- different people focus on different jobs

15.  Paleolithic- Old Stone Age

16.  Neolithic- New Stone Age



Explorers
Due Date: 5/21/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Explorer Vocab.                  TEST and homework due May 21

http://quizlet.com/21510695/exploration-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1234867

 



Reformation and unit 6 review words
Due Date: 4/24/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Reformation   Test April 24

http://quizlet.com/21271782/reformation-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/flashcard-1225455

 

1. Reformation- a reform movement against the Roman Catholic Church

2. Renaissance- period of “rebirth” following Europe’s Middle Ages

3. Johann Gutenberg- German printer, developed a printing press (the Bible was then available to many more people)

4. Pope- leader of the Catholic Church

5. Martin Luther- German priest who started the Reformation by nailing a list of complaints to a Catholic Church door

6. Protestants- those who protested against the Roman Catholic Church

7. John Calvin- French Christian reformer who taught predestination and encouraged living good lives

8. Catholic Reformation- effort to stop the spread of Protestantism and to reform the Catholic Church from within, a.k.a. the Counter-Reformation

9. Jesuits- religious order created to serve the pope and the church

10. federalism- sharing of power between local governments and a strong central government

These words have already been tested but will of course be used on the Renaissance tests, PASS tests, Final Exams.

http://quizlet.com/21030060/renaissance-flash-cards/

1. Renaissance- “rebirth”, refers to the period that followed Europe’s Middle Ages

2.Marco Polo- trader from Venice who traveled to China and back

3. Florence- city in Italy that’s considered the birthplace of the Renaissance

4. Duomo- cathedral in Florence, Italy

5. humanism- way of thinking and learning that stresses the importance of individual abilities and achievements

6. Galileo- first person to study the sky with a telescope

7. Machiavelli- writer known for The Prince, giving advice on how rulers should rule

8. William Shakespeare- famous English writer

9. Leonardo da Vinci- multi talented artist, painter of The Mona Lisa

10. Michelangelo- artist who painted the Sistine Chapel and sculpted David and The Pieta

 



Renaissance, Reformation and PASS review words
Due Date: 4/7/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

STUDY GUIDE VOCABULARY FOR first half of final  EXAM AND PASS testing 

words and meanings only- Create a bingo game (or another game focused on meanings)  to play with a classmate

 

http://quizlet.com/63065032/midyear-exam-and-benchmark-vocabulary-words-flash-cards/

Early Man

1.      history - the study of the past

2.      culture - the knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values of a group of people

3.      geography - the study of the earth’s physical and cultural features

4.      environment - all the living and nonliving things in an area (climate, land, water, animals)

5.      domesticate- to tame plants or animals for human use

6.      specialization- a practice in which different people focus on different jobs

7.      Paleolithic  and Neolithic –old and new Stone Age

8.      Hunter-gatherers- early people who survived by hunting and gathering their food

9.      Surplus -  when there is more food than needed

Egypt

10.  Egypt- one of the first river valley civilizations along the Nile River in northeast Africa

11.  cataracts- strong rapids

12.  pharaoh- title used by the rulers of Egypt

13.  dynasty- series of rulers from the same family

14.  mummies- specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth

15.  hieroglyphics- the Egyptian writing system

Mesopotamia

16.  Mesopotamia -region in SW Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, one of the oldest civilizations

17.  Hammurabi’s Code- a set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life

18.  Polytheism -the worship of many gods

19.  Monotheism- the worship of one God

20.  Social hierarchy- the division of society by rank or class

21.  Cuneiform- the world’s first system of writing (Sumerian invention).

India

22.  Indus River  - river where the Harappa Civilization developed in present day India and Pakistan

23.  Sanskrit- the most important language of ancient India

24.  Caste system- social group that people are born into and cannot change

25.  Hinduism- largest religion in India, largest polytheistic religion in the world

26.  reincarnation- process of rebirth

China

27.  Huang He (Yellow River)- flows from west to east almost 3,000 miles across northern China

28.  Confucianism- ideas of the most influential teacher in Chinese history, focused on good morals and relationships

29.  Taoism (Daoism)- Chinese philosophy that stressed living in harmony and balance

30.  Legalism- belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled

31.  Great Wall- barrier across China’s northern frontier built by farmers

 

 

 

Greece

32.  peninsula- a portion of land almost surrounded by water (on three sides)

33.  Mediterranean Sea- important body of water between Europe, Asia, and Africa

34.  Minoans- trading civilization that developed on the island of Crete

35.  Mycenaeans- earliest Greek speaking civilization, developed on the Greek mainland and islands

36.  Athens- most important city-state in ancient Greece, capital of Greece today

37.  direct democracy- form of government where all citizens participate

38.  representative democracy- form of government where citizens elect officials to make decisions

39.  polis- Greek city-state that was like a tiny independent country

40.  mythology- body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works

41.  Homer- early Greek poet who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey Aesop- writer famous for his fables

42.  fables- short stories that teach lessons about life or give advice on how to live

43.  Hellenistic period- time period when language and culture of Greece spread into conquered regions Alexander the Great- conqueror who spread Greek culture and language to regions he conquered

44.  Socrates- a philosopher with ideas about government and taught the Socratic method of questioning

45.  Plato- philosopher who wrote the Republic which describes his ideal government

46.  Aristotle- wrote books on philosophy of governments and divided them into 3 groups

47.  Archimedes- established the science of physics

48.  Pythagoras- established principles of geometry

ROME

49.  republic- type of government where people elect leaders to govern them

50.  Julius Caesar- powerful general and dictator of Rome who was assassinated in 44 BC

51.   Pax Romana- period of peace in the Roman Empire from 27 BC to AD 180 adopted

52.   Christianity- religion based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth

53.   Hannibal- military general from Carthage who attacked Rome in 218 B.C.

54.  Spartacus-  gladiator that led thousands of slaves in a rebellion against Rome

55.  Justinian- Byzantine Emperor known for his code of law, emphasized Christianity

 

 

http://quizlet.com/63065032/midyear-exam-and-benchmark-vocabulary-words-flash-cards/

 

Vocabulary  Testing April 17    http://quizlet.com/21030060/renaissance-flash-cards/

1. Renaissance- “rebirth”, refers to the period that followed Europe’s Middle Ages

2.Marco Polo- trader from Venice who traveled to China and back

3. Florence- city in Italy that’s considered the birthplace of the Renaissance

4. Duomo- cathedral in Florence, Italy

5. humanism- way of thinking and learning that stresses the importance of individual abilities and achievements

6. Galileo- first person to study the sky with a telescope

7. Machiavelli- writer known for The Prince, giving advice on how rulers should rule

8. William Shakespeare- famous English writer

9. Leonardo da Vinci- multi talented artist, painter of The Mona Lisa

10. Michelangelo- artist who painted the Sistine Chapel and sculpted David and The Pieta



Renaissance
Due Date: 4/4/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Scroll down for Middle Ages Study Guide for Tuesday March 30th test.

These words on the Renaissance are due to be tested on April 4.  I will post words for the PASS testing in time for spring break. Please go back to all the past assignments and practice all the quizlets so you refresh your memory! PASS testing for Social Studies is coming up soon!

 

Vocabulary Testing April 2 http://quizlet.com/21030060/renaissance-flash-cards/

1. Renaissance- “rebirth”, refers to the period that followed Europe’s Middle Ages

2.Marco Polo- trader from Venice who traveled to China and back

3. Florence- city in Italy that’s considered the birthplace of the Renaissance

4. Duomo- cathedral in Florence, Italy

5. humanism- way of thinking and learning that stresses the importance of individual abilities and achievements

6. Galileo- first person to study the sky with a telescope

7. Machiavelli- writer known for The Prince, giving advice on how rulers should rule

8. William Shakespeare- famous English writer

9. Leonardo da Vinci- multi talented artist, painter of The Mona Lisa

10. Michelangelo- artist who painted the Sistine Chapel and sculpted David and The Pieta

 Middle Ages study guide 

1. What are monks? Monks were - religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities who spent their time ______________________________________________

 

 

 

2.  What are missionaries?  Missionaries are people who help spread their _________________

 

 

 

3.  Who was Charlemagne?  Charlemagne was a famous king whose kingdom covered ________________ (which continent?)

 

 

 

4.  What happened because the Vikings, Magyar, and Muslim invaded Europe? The feudal ages started because ____________________________________________________________

 

 

 

5.  What was the manor system like?  The lords and knights lived in the manor house or castle ____________________________________________________________________________

 

 

 

6.  Why were the Crusades fought?  The religious groups  (___________ , Jews, and Muslims)wanted Palestine, specifically Jerusalem, as their _H____________L______.

 

 

 

7.  Another reason that the Crusades started was that the Byzantine Emperor asked the pope for help.  Why?

 

The Muslim Turks were threatening the city of ______________________________ they needed help stopping the ______________________________from invading.

 

 

 

8.  What was an important result of the Crusades?  People learned more about Europe and Asia since _______________increased as they marched across.  (Remember it took some of them 4 years or more to walk to Palestine!)

 

9.  Who controlled the Holy Land after the First Crusade? ____________  After the rest of the Crusades?  ________

 

 

 

10.  Who started the first universities in Europe?    __________________________________

 

 

 

11.  Why did the nobles want King John to sign the Magna Carta?   He was too powerful and they _______________________________________________________________________

 

 

 

12.   How did people catch the Black Death or Bubonic Plague? Contact with   _____________

 

13.  How did life change for the serfs and peasants after the plague ended?  Because there were not many people left, ___________________________________________________________.

 

14.  What happened during the Reconquista in Spain? ( remember it means reconquered)    The Christians _______________________________________________________________.

 

 

 

15.  What did the Japanese Samurai and the European knights have in common?   They had to be ______________ to their ruler.



Middle Ages 2
Due Date: 3/27/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

 Middle Ages week 2 (March 23-27)

http://quizlet.com/20486581/middle-ages-week-2-magna-carta-and-crusades-flash-cards/

 

1. Magna Carta- document signed in 1215 by King John of England that required the king to honor rights of the people

2. Pope- the leader of the Roman Catholic Church

3. monasteries- communities of monks

4. Crusades- long series of wars between Christians and Muslims in Palestine (SW Asia)

5. Holy Land- European name for Palestine because it was the region where Jesus lived, preached, and died

6. monks- religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities

7. missionaries- people who are sent out to teach their religion

8. Black Death- a deadly plague (disease) that killed many people in Europe between 1347 and 1351, a.k.a. Bubonic Plague

9. heresy- religious ideas that oppose accepted church teachings

10. St. Patrick- missionary who converted the people of Ireland to Christianity



Middle Ages
Due Date: 3/20/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

 (week of 3/16 to 3/20)

Copy and paste the URL below into a new page!

 

  http://quizlet.com/20159760/medieval-europe-flash-cards/ 

 

1. Middle Ages- period that lasted from about 500 to 1500 AD

2. Medieval period- another name for the Middle Ages

3. fief- land granted to a vassal

4. serf- a peasant who could not leave without the lord’s approval

5. guild- a business group organized by crafts-people

6. Charlemagne- powerful king of the Franks (lived 742-814)

7. Vikings- invaders from Scandinavia who raided much of Europe and North Africa

8. knights- warriors who fought on horseback

9. vassal- a knight or noble who promised to support a lord in exchange for land

10. feudalism- system of obligations that governed the relationships between lords and vassals in medieval Europe



Medieval Japan
Due Date: 3/12/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Vocabulary Japan (3/9 to 3/13/15)

http://quizlet.com/19339731/medieval-japan-flash-cards/

1. clans- extended family

2. Shinto- traditional religion of Japan

3. lord- a person who has authority over others

4. shrine- a holy place

5. vassal-a noble who held land from and served a higher-ranking lord and in return was given protection

6. feudalism-political system based on bonds between lords and vassals

7. samurai- trained professional warriors

8. guilds- business group formed by craftspeople and merchants

9. daimyo- Japan’s large landowners

10. shogun- general who ruled Japan in the emperor’s name



Aztecs, Mayas, Incas
Due Date: 3/6/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Due to the bad weather, the Africa test will be moved to Thursday, February 26th!

Aztec,Maya, Inca Vocab. test March 6, 2015

http://quizlet.com/23223833/mayas-incas-and-aztecs-flash-cards/

1. Columbian Exchange- exchange of food, animals, and ideas between the Old and New Worlds

2. Mayans- civilization that developed in Central America from about 200 AD to 900 AD

3. Yucatan- peninsula in Central America (Mexico, etc.) where the Mayan Civilization developed

4. maize- corn

5. Aztecs- civilization that developed in the central valley of Mexico starting in 1325

6. Tenochtitlan- capital city of the Aztecs

7. Conquistadors- Spanish conquerors

8. Incas- civilization that developed in South America (especially Peru) beginning in the 1400s

9. Quechua- the Inca language

10. Francisco Pizarro- conquistador who conquered the Inca in 1537



Africa 1 and 2
Due Date: 2/24/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Africa 2 Vocab. Due Tuesday,Feb.26th http://quizlet.com/18957792/ancient-african-empires2-flash-cards/

 

1. tsetse fly- found in forest region of Africa – deadly to domestic animals

 

2. Sahel- “shore” in Arabic, land with little rainfall dividing the desert from wetter areas

 

3. Trans-Saharan trade- used to exchange North African goods like salt and silk for West African goods like gold and ivory

 

4. Timbuktu- important city for Mali and Songhai kingdoms as a  center of Islamic life

 

5. Gao- capital city of Songhai Empire

 

6. Mansa Musa- Mali’s most famous ruler, spread Islam

 

7. Almoravids- North African Muslims who invaded and controlled Ghana’s empire in the 1060s

 

8. cotton- introduced to West Africa that was used to make clothing

 

9. griots- storytellers of early West Africa

 

10. kola nuts- seed from a cola tree that contains caffeine 



Africa 1
Due Date: 2/20/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

This is going to be a short unit!  You will have a vocabulary quiz Friday, the 20th and a test over the unit on Tuesday, the 24th with a vocabulary quiz on the second list of Africa words built into the test.  

 

You will also have a second set of Africa words due Tuesday, February 24th. 

Vocabulary Africa 1 Due Friday,FEB 20, 2015   

http://quizlet.com/18659046/ancient-african-civilizations-1-flash-cards/

 

1. Sub-Saharan Africa- Africa south of the Sahara

 

2. Sahara Desert- largest desert in the world, located in Northern Africa

 

3. Berbers- original inhabitants of North Africa

 

4. rain forests- moist, densely wooded areas

 

5. extended family- parents, children, close relatives often living in one household

 

6. animism- belief that bodies of water, animals, trees, and other natural objects have spirits

 

7. Niger River- provided source of water, food, and transportation for people in West Africa

 

8. Ghana- empire that controlled the African salt and gold trade starting in the 8th century

 

9. Mali- great kingdom that developed in West Africa, rose to power in the 13th century

 

10. Songhai- African kingdom that rivaled Mali, capital at Gao, rose to power in the 15th century

 

Africa 2 Vocab. Due Tuesday,Feb.24th http://quizlet.com/18957792/ancient-african-empires2-flash-cards/

 

1. tsetse fly- found in forest region of Africa – deadly to domestic animals

 

2. Sahel- “shore” in Arabic, land with little rainfall dividing the desert from wetter areas

 

3. Trans-Saharan trade- used to exchange North African goods like salt and silk for West African goods like gold and ivory

 

4. Timbuktu- important city for Mali and Songhai kingdoms as a  center of Islamic life

 

5. Gao- capital city of Songhai Empire

 

6. Mansa Musa- Mali’s most famous ruler, spread Islam

 

7. Almoravids- North African Muslims who invaded and controlled Ghana’s empire in the 1060s

 

8. cotton- introduced to West Africa that was used to make clothing

 

9. griots- storytellers of early West Africa

 

10. kola nuts- seed from a cola tree that contains caffeine 



Islam Vocabulary
Due Date: 2/13/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Final test on Rome and Christianity will be Tuesday, February 10, 2015.

 

Islam Vocabulary Due 2/13/15      Homework and Quiz on February 13, 2015

http://quizlet.com/33249562/islam-vocabulary-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/EditData2.jsp?saved&studyStackId=1444850

1. oasis- wet, fertile area in a desert

2. caravan- group of traders that travel together

3. Islam- religion based on messages Muhammad is believed to have received from God

4. Muslim- follower of Islam

5. Koran (Qur’an)- the holy book of Islam

6. pilgrimage- journey to a sacred place, such as Mecca in Islam

7. mosque- building for Muslim prayer

8. prophet- a person who speaks for God or a deity by divine influence

9. Allah- Muslim name for God

10. Five Pillars of Islam- five acts of worship required of all Muslims



Christianity
Due Date: 2/6/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Vocabulary (Week of 2/2 to 2/6/15)

http://quizlet.com/68371926/christianity-flash-cards/

1. Messiah- in Judaism, a deliverer sent by God

2. Justinian Code – new simplified code of law established by Justinian; influenced many laws in Europe throughout the years

3. Augustus Caesar- first Roman emperor, adopted son of Julius Caesar

4. Pope- the bishop of Rome; later the head of the Roman Catholic Church

5. gospel- the “good news” or the accounts of Jesus’ life, teachings, and resurrection

6. Christianity- religion based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth

7. Resurrection- the act of rising from the dead

8. salvation- the act of being saved from sin and allowed to enter heaven

9. apostle- early Christian leader who helped set up churches and spread the message of Jesus

10. parable- story that used events from everyday life to express spiritual ideas



MidYear EXAM review words
Due Date: 1/12/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

STUDY GUIDE VOCABULARY FOR MIDYEAR EXAM AND BENCHMARK  January 9, 2015

http://quizlet.com/63065032/midyear-exam-and-benchmark-vocabulary-words-flash-cards/

Early Man

1.      history - the study of the past

2.      culture - the knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values of a group of people

3.      geography - the study of the earth’s physical and cultural features

4.      environment - all the living and nonliving things in an area (climate, land, water, animals)

5.      domesticate- to tame plants or animals for human use

6.      specialization- a practice in which different people focus on different jobs

7.      Paleolithic and Neolithic –old and new Stone Age

8.      Hunter-gatherers- early people who survived by hunting and gathering their food

9.      Surplus - when there is more food than needed

Egypt

10.  Egypt- one of the first river valley civilizations along the Nile River in northeast Africa

11.  cataracts- strong rapids

12.  pharaoh- title used by the rulers of Egypt

13.  dynasty- series of rulers from the same family

14.  mummies- specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth

15.  hieroglyphics- the Egyptian writing system

Mesopotamia

16.  Mesopotamia -region in SW Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, one of the oldest civilizations

17.  Hammurabi’s Code- a set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life

18.  Polytheism -the worship of many gods

19.  Monotheism- the worship of one God

20.  Social hierarchy- the division of society by rank or class

21.  Cuneiform- the world’s first system of writing (Sumerian invention).

India

22.  Indus River - river where the Harappa Civilization developed in present day India and Pakistan

23.  Sanskrit- the most important language of ancient India

24.  Caste system- social group that people are born into and cannot change

25.  Hinduism- largest religion in India, largest polytheistic religion in the world

26.  reincarnation- process of rebirth

China

27.  Huang He (Yellow River)- flows from west to east almost 3,000 miles across northern China

28.  Confucianism- ideas of the most influential teacher in Chinese history, focused on good morals and relationships

29.  Taoism (Daoism)- Chinese philosophy that stressed living in harmony and balance

30.  Legalism- belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled

31.  Great Wall- barrier across China’s northern frontier built by farmers

 

 

 

Greece

32.  peninsula- a portion of land almost surrounded by water (on three sides)

33.  Mediterranean Sea- important body of water between Europe, Asia, and Africa

34.  Minoans- trading civilization that developed on the island of Crete

35.  Mycenaeans- earliest Greek speaking civilization, developed on the Greek mainland and islands

36.  Athens- most important city-state in ancient Greece, capital of Greece today

37.  direct democracy- form of government where all citizens participate

38.  representative democracy- form of government where citizens elect officials to make decisions

39.  polis- Greek city-state that was like a tiny independent country

40.  mythology- body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works

41.  Homer- early Greek poet who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey Aesop- writer famous for his fables

42.  fables- short stories that teach lessons about life or give advice on how to live

43.  Hellenistic period- time period when language and culture of Greece spread into conquered regions Alexander the Great- conqueror who spread Greek culture and language to regions he conquered

44.  Socrates- a philosopher with ideas about government and taught the Socratic method of questioning

45.  Plato- philosopher who wrote the Republic which describes his ideal government

46.  Aristotle- wrote books on philosophy of governments and divided them into 3 groups

47.  Archimedes- established the science of physics

48.  Pythagoras- established principles of geometry

ROME

49.  republic- type of government where people elect leaders to govern them

50.  Julius Caesar- powerful general and dictator of Rome who was assassinated in 44 BC

51.   Pax Romana- period of peace in the Roman Empire from 27 BC to AD 180 adopted

52.   Christianity- religion based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth

53.   Hannibal- military general from Carthage who attacked Rome in 218 B.C.

54.  Spartacus- gladiator that led thousands of slaves in a rebellion against Rome

55.  Justinian- Byzantine Emperor known for his code of law, emphasized Christianity

 

 

http://quizlet.com/63065032/midyear-exam-and-benchmark-vocabulary-words-flash-cards/



Rome 1
Due Date: 1/12/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Quiz Wednesday January 14, 2015

EXAMS delayed until Tuesday, January 13, 2015  (Rome will not be included on the Exam)- Keep scrolling down to find both lists.

http://quizlet.com/17986589/ancient-rome-flash-cards/  January12, 2015

1. republic- type of government where people elect leaders to govern them

2. dictators- rulers with absolute power

3. plebeians- common people

4. patricians- powerful nobles

5. Julius Caesar- powerful general and dictator of Rome who was assassinated in 44 BC

6. Augustus- first Roman emperor, adopted son of Julius Caesar -Octavian

7. Pax Romana- period of peace in the Roman Empire - 27 BC to AD 180

8. aqueducts- a raised channel used to carry water from mountains into cities

9. arches- rounded structures that can support more weight than other shapes

10. Christianity- religion based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth

11. Forum- Rome’s public meeting place

12. Hannibal- military general from Carthage who attacked Rome in 218 B.C.

13. Spartacus-  gladiator that led thousands of slaves in a rebellion against Rome

14. Justinian- Byzantine Emperor known for his code of law, emphasized Christianity

15. Constantinople- capital of the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire

STUDY GUIDE VOCABULARY FOR MIDYEAR EXAM AND BENCHMARK  January 9, 2015

http://quizlet.com/63065032/midyear-exam-and-benchmark-vocabulary-words-flash-cards/

Early Man

1.      history - the study of the past

2.      culture - the knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values of a group of people

3.      geography - the study of the earth’s physical and cultural features

4.      environment - all the living and nonliving things in an area (climate, land, water, animals)

5.      domesticate- to tame plants or animals for human use

6.      specialization- a practice in which different people focus on different jobs

7.      Paleolithic and Neolithic –old and new Stone Age

8.      Hunter-gatherers- early people who survived by hunting and gathering their food

9.      Surplus - when there is more food than needed

Egypt

10.  Egypt- one of the first river valley civilizations along the Nile River in northeast Africa

11.  cataracts- strong rapids

12.  pharaoh- title used by the rulers of Egypt

13.  dynasty- series of rulers from the same family

14.  mummies- specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth

15.  hieroglyphics- the Egyptian writing system

Mesopotamia

16.  Mesopotamia -region in SW Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, one of the oldest civilizations

17.  Hammurabi’s Code- a set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life

18.  Polytheism -the worship of many gods

19.  Monotheism- the worship of one God

20.  Social hierarchy- the division of society by rank or class

21.  Cuneiform- the world’s first system of writing (Sumerian invention).

India

22.  Indus River - river where the Harappa Civilization developed in present day India and Pakistan

23.  Sanskrit- the most important language of ancient India

24.  Caste system- social group that people are born into and cannot change

25.  Hinduism- largest religion in India, largest polytheistic religion in the world

26.  reincarnation- process of rebirth

China

27.  Huang He (Yellow River)- flows from west to east almost 3,000 miles across northern China

28.  Confucianism- ideas of the most influential teacher in Chinese history, focused on good morals and relationships

29.  Taoism (Daoism)- Chinese philosophy that stressed living in harmony and balance

30.  Legalism- belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled

31.  Great Wall- barrier across China’s northern frontier built by farmers

 

 Greece

32.  peninsula- a portion of land almost surrounded by water (on three sides)

33.  Mediterranean Sea- important body of water between Europe, Asia, and Africa

34.  Minoans- trading civilization that developed on the island of Crete

35.  Mycenaeans- earliest Greek speaking civilization, developed on the Greek mainland and islands

36.  Athens- most important city-state in ancient Greece, capital of Greece today

37.  direct democracy- form of government where all citizens participate

38.  representative democracy- form of government where citizens elect officials to make decisions

39.  polis- Greek city-state that was like a tiny independent country

40.  mythology- body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works

41.  Homer- early Greek poet who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey Aesop- writer famous for his fables

42.  fables- short stories that teach lessons about life or give advice on how to live

43.  Hellenistic period- time period when language and culture of Greece spread into conquered regions Alexander the Great- conqueror who spread Greek culture and language to regions he conquered

44.  Socrates- a philosopher with ideas about government and taught the Socratic method of questioning

45.  Plato- philosopher who wrote the Republic which describes his ideal government

46.  Aristotle- wrote books on philosophy of governments and divided them into 3 groups

47.  Archimedes- established the science of physics

48.  Pythagoras- established principles of geometry

ROME

49.  republic- type of government where people elect leaders to govern them

50.  Julius Caesar- powerful general and dictator of Rome who was assassinated in 44 BC

51.   Pax Romana- period of peace in the Roman Empire from 27 BC to AD 180 adopted

52.   Christianity- religion based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth

53.   Hannibal- military general from Carthage who attacked Rome in 218 B.C.

54.  Spartacus- gladiator that led thousands of slaves in a rebellion against Rome

55.  Justinian- Byzantine Emperor known for his code of law, emphasized Christianity

http://quizlet.com/63065032/midyear-exam-and-benchmark-vocabulary-words-flash-cards/



Rome 2
Due Date: 1/10/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Quiz on Friday  January 30, 2015      Benchmark January 27, 2015

Yes, you have already done half of these, but your quiz, test, and benchmark will cover any or even all of these.  Please study all these words.  If you did your homework last week, then only do homework over the newer words.  :)  

http://quizlet.com/17986589/ancient-rome-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/EditData2.jsp?saved&studyStackId=1444855

1.   republic =type of government where people elect leaders to govern them

2.   Constantine =first Roman emperor who helped spread Christianity

3.   Justinian =Byzantine Emperor known for his code of law; wanted to reunite Roman Empire; emphasized Christianity

4.   Spartacus =gladiator that led thousands of slaves in a rebellion against Rome

5.   Julius Caesar =powerful general and dictator of Rome who was assassinated in 44 BC.; made many improvements to Rome

6.   plebeians =common people

7.   patricians =powerful nobles

8.   Hannibal =military general from Carthage who attacked Rome in 218 B.C. and fought using elephants in battle

9.   Forum =Rome's public meeting place and market place

10. Christianity =religion based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth

11. arches =rounded structures that can support more weight than other shapes

12. aqueducts =a raised channel used to carry water from mountains into cities

13. Augustus =first Roman emperor, adopted son of Julius Caesar and formerly known as Octavian

14. Pax Romana =period of peace in the Roman Empire from 27BC to AD 180

15. dictators =rulers with absolute power; usually serves for only a short time

16. Tiber River =river along which Rome was located; provided water and a route to the Mediterranean Sea

17. Romulus and Remus =twin brothers who founded the city of Rome

18. Aenid =famous epic written by Roman poet, Virgil, about a Trojan her named Aeneas- "father of the Romans"

19. Etruscans =group of people who influenced early growth of Rome

20. legions =groups of about 6000 soldiers

21. legionaries =Roman soldiers

22. veto =reject; Latin for "I forbid"

23. consuls =top two government officials

24. Cincinnatus =best known early Roman dictator

25. Twelve Tables =first set of written laws to govern early Rome

26. Carthage =North Africa city and enemy of Rome

27. Punic Wars =battle between Rome and Carthage

28. triumvirate =political alliance of three people

29. Octavian =Julius Caesar's grandnephew; became Rome's leader and changed his name to Augustus

30. Ptolemy =scientist of Roman Empire who studied stars and planets; mapped over 1000 stars

31. Spartacus =gladiator who led slave revolt against Rome

32. Justinian Code =new simplified code of law established by Justinian; influenced many laws in Europe throughout the years



STUDY GUIDE VOCABULARY FOR MIDYEAR EXAM AND BENCHMARK January 9, 2015
Due Date: 1/9/2015
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Georgetown Middle School will give MidYear Exams for Social Studies on January 9, 2015.

(MidYear Exams for ELA and Math will be 1/8/15 and Science will be 1/9/15 too.)

These are all words that we have already studied and tested.  Your homework is to review these words over and over again until you know them.  I have made a quizlet for you to play.   You should spend a lot of time on this so that you know these words easily.

You may also make yourself flashcards with the meaning on one side and the word on the other or a bingo game or any other way you'd like to review.  Play it with your parent, or sibling, or friend, or just by yourself.   You do not have to turn these in.  

Even though I will not be collecting any homework on these words, I will know if you studied by your MidYear Exam grade.  Please be careful and spend time relearning these.  The MidYear exam will count as 10% of your year's total grade and will appear on your report card.  These words will also be used on each District Benchmark that will be given in January as well.  

It's time to get serious about your grades and study!  We are almost halfway through the year!  You CAN do it!

Let's show everyone what you know!

 

STUDY GUIDE VOCABULARY FOR MIDYEAR EXAM AND BENCHMARK   January 9, 2015

http://quizlet.com/63065032/midyear-exam-and-benchmark-vocabulary-words-flash-cards/

Early Man

1.      history - the study of the past

2.      culture - the knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values of a group of people

3.      geography - the study of the earth’s physical and cultural features

4.      environment - all the living and nonliving things in an area (climate, land, water, animals)

5.      domesticate- to tame plants or animals for human use

6.      specialization- a practice in which different people focus on different jobs

7.      Paleolithic  and Neolithic –old and new Stone Age

8.      Hunter-gatherers- early people who survived by hunting and gathering their food

9.      Surplus -  when there is more food than needed

Egypt

10.  Egypt- one of the first river valley civilizations along the Nile River in northeast Africa

11.  cataracts- strong rapids

12.  pharaoh- title used by the rulers of Egypt

13.  dynasty- series of rulers from the same family

14.  mummies- specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth

15.  hieroglyphics- the Egyptian writing system

Mesopotamia

16.  Mesopotamia -region in SW Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, one of the oldest civilizations

17.  Hammurabi’s Code- a set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life

18.  Polytheism -the worship of many gods

19.  Monotheism- the worship of one God

20.  Social hierarchy- the division of society by rank or class

21.  Cuneiform- the world’s first system of writing (Sumerian invention).

India

22.  Indus River  - river where the Harappa Civilization developed in present day India and Pakistan

23.  Sanskrit- the most important language of ancient India

24.  Caste system- social group that people are born into and cannot change

25.  Hinduism- largest religion in India, largest polytheistic religion in the world

26.  reincarnation- process of rebirth

China

27.  Huang He (Yellow River)- flows from west to east almost 3,000 miles across northern China

28.  Confucianism- ideas of the most influential teacher in Chinese history, focused on good morals and relationships

29.  Taoism (Daoism)- Chinese philosophy that stressed living in harmony and balance

30.  Legalism- belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled

31.  Great Wall- barrier across China’s northern frontier built by farmers

Greece

32.  peninsula- a portion of land almost surrounded by water (on three sides)

33.  Mediterranean Sea- important body of water between Europe, Asia, and Africa

34.  Minoans- trading civilization that developed on the island of Crete

35.  Mycenaeans- earliest Greek speaking civilization, developed on the Greek mainland and islands

36.  Athens- most important city-state in ancient Greece, capital of Greece today

37.  direct democracy- form of government where all citizens participate

38.  representative democracy- form of government where citizens elect officials to make decisions

39.  polis- Greek city-state that was like a tiny independent country

40.  mythology- body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works

41.  Homer- early Greek poet who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey Aesop- writer famous for his fables

42.  fables- short stories that teach lessons about life or give advice on how to live

43.  Hellenistic period- time period when language and culture of Greece spread into conquered regions Alexander the Great- conqueror who spread Greek culture and language to regions he conquered

44.  Socrates- a philosopher with ideas about government and taught the Socratic method of questioning

45.  Plato- philosopher who wrote the Republic which describes his ideal government

46.  Aristotle- wrote books on philosophy of governments and divided them into 3 groups

47.  Archimedes- established the science of physics

48.  Pythagoras- established principles of geometry

ROME

49.  republic- type of government where people elect leaders to govern them

50.  Julius Caesar- powerful general and dictator of Rome who was assassinated in 44 BC

51.   Pax Romana- period of peace in the Roman Empire from 27 BC to AD 180 adopted

52.   Christianity- religion based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth

53.   Hannibal- military general from Carthage who attacked Rome in 218 B.C.

54.  Spartacus-  gladiator that led thousands of slaves in a rebellion against Rome

55.  Justinian- Byzantine Emperor known for his code of law, emphasized Christianity

http://quizlet.com/63065032/midyear-exam-and-benchmark-vocabulary-words-flash-cards/



Greece 3
Due Date: 12/12/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

These words will be due and tested on Thursday if you are in block 2,3, or 4.  Block 1, 5, and 6 possibly will take the quiz on Friday after the 6th grade field trip to the High School winter program.  

We will have the test over Greece Wednesday.  It will be open notebook, so keep your notes and papers ready.

Please save all your notes and graded papers because January 8th and 9th the entire school will have MidYear Exams in all subjects!!!!!

Vocabulary (Week of 12/8/to 12/10/14)

http://quizlet.com/61540185/greece-3-flash-cards/

1. Hellenistic period- time period when language and culture of Greece spread into conquered regions

2. Alexander the Great- conqueror who spread Greek culture and language to regions he conquered; son of Phillip II

3. Phillip II- leader who united Greek city states 

4. tragedy-writing in which a person tries to overcome his difficulties but fails

5. comedy- writing with a happy ending

6.  Socrates- a philosopher with ideas about government and taught the Socratic method of questioning

7. Plato- philosopher who wrote the Republic which describes his ideal government

8. Aristotle- wrote books on philosophy of governments and divided them into 3 groups

9. Archimedes- established the science of physics

10. Pythagoras- established principles of geometry



Greece 2
Due Date: 12/5/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Please make sure that you read Chapter 4 Greece, in your blue take-home booklet.  You are responsible for knowing this information for the midyear Exam to be given in January!

Ancient Greece week 2 Due Dec.5

http://quizlet.com/17114778/ancient-greece-flash-cards/

1. acropolis- a high hill that many Greek cities were built around

2. direct democracy- form of government where all citizens participate

3. representative democracy- form of government where citizens elect officials to make decisions

4. mythology- body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works

5. Athena- goddess of wisdom in Ancient Greece, city of Athens is named after her

6. Hercules- one of the most famous heroes, fought monsters and performed difficult tasks

7. Homer- early Greek poet who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey

8. Aesop- writer famous for his fables

9. fables- short stories that teach lessons about life or give advice on how to live

10. Achilles- great warrior who was killed when an arrow struck his heel



Greece 1
Due Date: 11/21/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

GREECE 1

Please read the chapter on Greece in  your blue take-home booklet.  You are responsible for all the information in that summary!

Midyear EXAMs will happen in January and will cover everything since the beginning of the year!

 

Vocabulary (Week of 11/17-21/14)

http://quizlet.com/17114778/ancient-greece-flash-cards/

1. peninsula- a portion of land almost surrounded by water (on three sides)

2. Mediterranean Sea- important body of water between Europe, Asia, and Africa

3. Minoans- trading civilization that developed on the island of Crete

4. Mycenaeans- earliest Greek speaking civilization, developed on the Greek mainland and islands

5. Athens- most important city-state in ancient Greece, capital of Greece today

6. aristocrats- rich landowners, part of the upper social class

7. citizens- people who had the right to participate in government

8. representative democracy- form of government where citizens elect officials to make decisions

9. direct democracy- form of government where all citizens participate

10. mythology- body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works



River Valley Civilizations Comparison words
Due Date: 11/14/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Please reread the chapters on Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus Valley and China in  your blue take-home booklet.  You are responsible for all the information in that summary!

Midyear EXAMs will happen in January and will cover everything since the beginning of the year!

The following are all the words that you will need to know in order to compare the 4 civilizations. You have already learned all of these words and now it's time for you to show what you know! 

This week only, write the words and meanings only.  You will be using them in charts and other ways during the week.

Egypt and Mesopotamia Review Words

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1256140

http://quizlet.com/_8orwt Ancient Egypt http://quizlet.com/_8tcsm Ancient India

http://quizlet.com/_929l4 Ancient China

1. cataracts- strong rapids

2. delta- triangle-shaped area of land made of soil deposited by a river

3. pharaoh- title used by the rulers of Egypt

4. dynasty- series of rulers from the same family

5. mummies- specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth

6. pyramids- huge stone tombs with four triangle-shaped walls that met in a point on top

7. hieroglyphics- the Egyptian writing system

8. papyrus- a long lasting, paper- like material made from reeds

9. Rosetta Stone- a slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Greek, and a later form of Egyptian

10. sphinxes- imaginary creatures with bodies of lions and heads of other animals or humans

11. obelisk- a tall, four-sided pillar that is pointed on top

12. King Tutankhamen- Egyptian pharaoh who was buried with many treasures

13.Surplus - when there is more food than needed

14. Mesopotamia -region in SW Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, one of the oldest civilizations

15.Hammurabi’s Code- a set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life

16. Fertile Crescent - a large area of rich, or fertile, farmland

17. Silt- a mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks

18. Polytheism -the worship of many gods

19. Social hierarchy- the division of society by rank or class

20.Cuneiform- the world’s first system of writing (Sumerian invention)

21.Ziggurat- a pyramid-shaped temple tower

 

 

 

Indus Valley and China Review Words

22. subcontinent- large landmass that is part of a continent but separate because of physical features like mountains

23. monsoons- seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons

24. Indus - river where the Harappa Civilization developed in present day India and Pakistan

25. Aryans- group of invaders from Central Asia who settled in India

26. Sanskrit- the most important language of ancient India

27. Caste system- social group that people are born into and cannot change

28. Hinduism- largest religion in India, largest polytheistic religion in the world

29. reincarnation- process of rebirth

30. karma- the effects that good or bad actions have on a person’s soul- the consequences of how one live

31. Huang He (Yellow River)- flows from west to east almost 3,000 miles across northern China

32. oracle- prediction

33. lords- people of high rank

34. peasants- farmers, people of low rank

35. ethics- moral values

36. Confucianism- ideas of the most influential teacher in Chinese history, focused on good morals and relationships

37. Taoism (Daoism)- Chinese philosophy that stressed living in harmony and balance

38. Laozi- most famous Taoist teacher

39. Legalism- belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled

40. Great Wall- barrier across China’s northern frontier



Ancient China
Due Date: 10/31/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Vocabulary due 10/31

http://quizlet.com/15222280/ancient-china-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/EditStackOptions2.jsp?studyStackId=1399391

1. Huang He (Yellow River)- flows from west to east almost 3,000 miles across northern China

2. oracle- prediction

3. lords- people of high rank

4. peasants- farmers, people of low rank

5. ethics- moral values

6. Confucianism- ideas of the most influential teacher in Chinese history, focused on good morals and relationships

7. Taoism (Daoism)- Chinese philosophy that stressed living in harmony and balance

8. Laozi- most famous Taoist teacher

9. Legalism- belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled

10. Great Wall- barrier across China’s northern frontier



Chinese Inventions
Due Date: 10/30/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Chinese Inventions Vocabulary  Due 11/7

http://quizlet.com/16083973/chinese-inventions-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1399406

1. seismograph- device that measures strength of an earthquake

2. sundial- uses position of shadows cast by the sun to tell time of day

3. acupuncture- practice of inserting fine needles through skin at specific points to cure disease or relieve pain

4. silk- a soft, light, highly valued fabric

5. Silk Road- 4,000 mile long network of routes stretching from China to the Mediterranean Sea

6. diffusion- spread of ideas from one culture to another, such as Buddhism coming to China from India

7.  porcelain - material made from fine clay and baked at high temperatures

8.calligraphy- the art of fine handwriting

9.  rudder- steering part under a boat

 10. waterwheel-  a wheel with buckets attached used to bring up water



India's religions
Due Date: 10/23/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

We will have a test over last week's and this week's words and content over the Indus River Civilization on Thursday October 23rd.  There is no school on the 24th.

Vocabulary October 20-23

http://quizlet.com/16355726/indias-gupta-dynasty-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/EditData2.jsp?saved&studyStackId=1392941

1. dynasty – a series of rulers from the same family

2. stupa- a Buddhist shrine shaped like a dome or mound

3. pilgrim- a person traveling to a religious shrine or place

4. Vedas of India- ancient songs and prayers used in religious ceremonies

5. Sanskrit- the most important language of ancient India

6. caste system- social group that people are born into and cannot change

7. Hinduism- largest religion in India, largest polytheistic religion in the world

8. Mahabharata- the longest poem in the world

9. epic poems- long poems that have a hero who performs important deeds

10. algorithm- a series of steps that you follow to solve a problem



Indus River Cvilization
Due Date: 10/17/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Ancient India due October 17

http://quizlet.com/_8tcsm

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1381114

1. subcontinent- large landmass that is part of a continent but separate because of physical features like mountains

2. monsoons- seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons

3. Indus- river where the Harappa Civilization developed in present day India and Pakistan

4. Aryans- group of invaders from Central Asia who settled in India

5. Sanskrit- the most important language of ancient India

6. caste system-  social group that people are born into and cannot change

7. Hinduism- largest religion in India, largest polytheistic religion in the world

8. reincarnation- process of rebirth

9. karma- the effects that good or bad actions have on a person’s soul- the consequences of how one lives

10. Himalaya- the highest mountains in the world-barrier between India and the rest of Asia



Egpt 3
Due Date: 10/10/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

This is the final week in Ancient Egypt!  There will be a test over Egypt on Friday which will include these vocabulary words. 

Please make sure that you read your blue take-home booklet for Chapter 2.  Study all the vocabulary words and your notes on Egypt. 

Your homework includes:

1. Writing your words and meanings.

2.  Writing your words in meaningful sentences.  Sentences like "I know a pharoah," do not show that you understand the word.  A better sentence could be "Ancient Egyptians believed that their pharoahs were descended from the gods."

3.  Write a paragraph using your vocabulary words OR play the quizlet games below for AT LEAST 20 minutes.  

These are due on loose leaf paper on Friday, October 10th.  

Vocab. Egypt #3 Test 10/10/14
http://quizlet.com/52120840/egypt-3-flash-cards/

1. deities- gods and goddesses

2. embalming- a process for preserving a body for burial

3. mummy-  a wrapped body that has been preserved

4. Great Pyramid- largest pyramid ofthe 80 found in Egypt. It wasbuilt for King Khufu in about 2540 BC

5. Giza- city in Egypt 10 miles from Cairo on the west bank of the Nile River, famous for the 3 pyramids

6. King Khufu-  Egyptian pharaoh who built the Great Pyramid for his tomb

7. Middle Kingdom- time period of peace and prosperity, advances in art and architecture from 2050-1670 BC

8. tribute- forced payments due to Egypt from the conquered lands

9. Hyksos- great warriors from western Asia, who conquered Egypt from 1670 to 1550BC, due to their weapons of bronze and iron.

10. New Kingdom- from 1550BC to 1080 BC starting with King Ahmose who brought Egypt to its most powerful time

 



Egypt 2
Due Date: 10/3/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Please remember that your homework is to practice your words and meanings. This is to help you master the definition and understand what we talk about in class. 

1.  Write each word and meaning.

2.  Write each word in a  meaningful sentence.

3.  Write each word in a meaningful paragraph or

     play the vocabulary games for at least 20 minutes.

 

Vocab. Egypt #2 Test 10/03/14
http://quizlet.com/_8orwt

http://www.studystack.com/fillin-1349096

1. hieroglyphics- the Egyptian writing system

2. papyrus- a long lasting, paper- like material made from reeds

3. Rosetta Stone- a slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Greek, and a later form of Egyptian

4. sphinxes- imaginary creatures with bodies of lions and heads of other animals or humans

5. obelisk- a tall, four-sided pillar that is pointed on top

6. King Tutankhamen- Egyptian pharaoh who was buried with many treasures

7. Ramses the Great- pharaoh who ruled in the 1200s BC and fought the Hittites from Asia Minor

8. trade network- system of people in different lands who trade goods

9. export- items sent out to other regions

10. import- goods brought in from other regions



Egypt
Due Date: 9/26/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Hello students and parents!

We will be finishing up Mesopotamia with a test Wednesday.  Please remember to study your notes and warm up/closure questions and answers in your notebook for the test.  

Then Thursday we will travel "back in time" to ancient Egypt!  Get your passports ready and your notebooks packed........... here we go!

 

Vocabulary Egypt #1 Sept 26, 2014

http://www.studystack.com/EditStackOptions2.jsp?studyStackId=1349084

http://quizlet.com/27222683/egypt-1-flash-cards/

1. cataracts- strong rapids

2. delta- triangle-shaped area of land made of soil deposited by a river

3. Menes- the first pharaoh who united Upper and Lower Egypt

4. pharaoh- title used by the rulers of Egypt

5. dynasty- series of rulers from the same family

6. Old Kingdom- period in Egyptian history that lasted from2700 BC to 2200 BC

7. nobles- people from rich and powerful families

8. mummies- specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth

9. elite- class of people from wealth and power

10. pyramids- huge stone tombs with four triangle-shaped walls that met in a point on top



Early Man test and Mesopotamia vocabulary
Due Date: 9/19/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

We will have our first test on Wednesday, September 10th.  It will be over the Paleolithic and Neolithic time periods- Hunter/Gatherers and New Stone Age!

Monday and Tuesday we will review the content taught so far including all the vocabulary words and notes in the interactive notebooks.

You will have a study guide and the test will be Wednesday.

I will give the new vocabulary words to you Thursday and therefore the vocabulary homework and quiz won't be until Friday the 19th.  I want you to study for your first test this week.

Everyone should have read and studied the information in your blue take home booklet from pages 7-12 about Mesopotamia.   Study, study, study!!!!

Vocabulary due Sept. 19

http://quizlet.com/25805001

1. civilization – complex societies

2.  irrigation- man-made way of watering crops

3.  Mesopotamia- region in SW Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers; one of the world’s oldest civilizations

4.  Hammurabi’s Code- a set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life

5. scribe- a person who is a record keeper

6.  city-state- city and its surrounding lands

7.  polytheism- the worship of many gods

8.  artisan- skilled worker

9.  cuneiform-  the world’s first system of writing (Sumerian invention)

10.  ziggurat- a pyramid-shaped temple tower

 

 

 

 



Early Man Sept. 1-5
Due Date: 9/5/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Your Homework is due Friday!

1.  Read your workbook pages 2,3,4.

2.  Write your words and meanings.

3.  Write your words in sentences that prove you know what that word means.

4.  Choice-Write the words in a paragpraph or play the games below.

Quiz Friday, September 5

http://quizlet.com/25315922

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1303161

1.   prehistory- the time before there was writing

2.   ancestor- a relative who lived in the past

3.   tool- any handheld object that has been modified to help a person accomplish a task

4.   society- a community of people who share a common culture

5.   adapt-to change or adjust to environmental conditions

6.   migrate- to move to a new place

7.   land bridge- a strip of land connecting two continents

8.   ice ages- long periods of freezing weather

9.   domestication- the process of changing plants or animals to make them more useful to humans

10. agriculture-  farming, producing one’s own food

11. revolution- big changes that affect many areas of life

     12.  Neolithic- New Stone Age



Week of August 24-29, 2014
Due Date: 8/29/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Welcome to your assignment page!

These are your vocabulary words for the week of August 25th.

There will be a quiz over these words on August 29th.

 Your homework is also due August 29th.

 1.  Write your words and meanings.

2.  Write your words in a sentence that shows that you understand the meaning.

  • 3.  Choose one of these:
  •        Write a paragraph using all your words.
  •        Play the quizlet games and take an online quiz. (parents sign)
  •        Play the studystack games and take an online quiz. (parents sign)

 

 

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1294980

http://quizlet.com/22324690/aug-sept-review-words-flash-cards/

 

1.      history - the study of the past

2.       historian- a person who studies history

3.      culture - the knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values of a group of people

4.      archaeology - the study of the past based on what people left behind

5.      Archaeologist- a person who studies archaeology

6.      fossil - a part or imprint of something that was once alive

7.      artifact - objects created by and used by humans

8.      geography - the study of the earth’s physical and cultural features

9.      environment - all the living and nonliving things that affect life in an area (climate, land, water, animals, etc.)

10.  resources - materials found in the earth that people need and value

11.  nomad- a person who regularly moves from place to place

12.  technology- tools and methods that help humans perform tasks

13.  domesticate- to tame plants or animals for human use

14.  specialization- different people focus on different jobs

15.  Paleolithic- Old Stone Age

16.  Neolithic- New Stone Age



First Explorers
Due Date: 5/26/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Explorer Vocab. May 19-23

http://quizlet.com/21510695/exploration-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1234867

1. New World- North and South America, or the “Americas”

2. Christopher Columbus- Italian sailor (explored for Spain) who landed in the Bahamas in 1492

3. Henry the Navigator- Prince from Portugal who built a navigation school to teach sailors

4. Bartolomeu Dias- Portuguese sailor who reached the Cape of Good Hope in southern Africa in 1488

6. Pedro Alvares Cabral- Portuguese sailor who accidentally “discovered” South America in 1500

7. Ferdinand Magellan- Portuguese sailor (sailed for Spain) who led part of the first expedition around the tip of South America and around the world beginning in 1519

8. Circumnavigate- to travel all the way around the globe

9. Sir Francis Drake- English sailor who stole treasure from Spanish transport ships in the Americas

10. Spanish Armada- part of Spain’s large navy that was defeated by England in 1588

 



Central America Vocabulary
Due Date: 5/16/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

1.  Please write the words and the meanings on loose leaf paper to hand in. 

2.  Please write meaningful sentences to hand in.  If the sentences do not show understanding of the words, then they will not be accepted.

3.  Doing both of the above will earn you a 90%.  If you also do the quizlet, you will earn a 100%.

Vocabulary test May 16

http://quizlet.com/23223833/mayas-incas-and-aztecs-flash-cards/

 

1. Columbian Exchange- exchange of food, animals, and ideas between the Old and New Worlds

2. Mayans- civilization that developed in Central America from about 200 AD to 900 AD

3. Yucatan- peninsula in Central America (Mexico, etc.) where the Mayan Civilization developed

4. maize- corn

5. Aztecs- civilization that developed in the central valley of Mexico starting in 1325

6. Tenochtitlan- capital city of the Aztecs

7. Conquistadors- Spanish conquerors

8. Incas- civilization that developed in South America (especially Peru) beginning in the 1400s

9. Quechua- the Inca language

10. Francisco Pizarro- conquistador who conquered the Inca in 1537



usatestprep.com REVIEW for testing
Due Date: 5/10/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Please complete all the assignments on www.usatestprep.com.

Go to Mrs. Hall's Social Studies.  Please do the videos and games first.  Then the practice questions and finally the tests.  All of your information will be forwarded to me and I will be able to see your progress. 

All of these things will be testable on PASS testing.  Please complete it all!!!!



Central and North American civilizations
Due Date: 4/17/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Please do both quizlet sites.  I will have another set of review words for PASS so that you may study over Spring Break.

Please also do as many assignments as you can at www.usatestprep.com

You already know your user ID and password.  Go to Mrs. Hall Social Studies and do all assignments. Do the tests at the end.   All of this information will be testable on PASS !!!!!

Vocabulary homework due April 17 

Please do both quizlet sites !!!!!!!

http://quizlet.com/23223833/mayas-incas-and-aztecs-flash-cards/

http://quizlet.com/_e0ddi

1. Columbian Exchange- exchange of food, animals, and ideas between the Old and New Worlds

2. Mayans- civilization that developed in Central America from about 200 AD to 900 AD

3. Francisco Pizarro- conquistador who conquered the Inca in 1537

4. Aztecs- civilization that developed in the central valley of Mexico starting in 1325

5. Incas- civilization that developed in South America (especially Peru) beginning in the 1400s

6. Moundbuilders- ancient Native Americans who built large earthen mounds

7. Adena- moundbuilder group living in the Ohio River Valley from 1000BC to 200BC

8. Hopewell- moundbuilders from central Ohio

9. Mississippians—main Native American culture along the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers from 500AD to 1540



Reformation
Due Date: 4/11/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Reformation   Test April 11

http://quizlet.com/21271782/reformation-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/flashcard-1225455

 

1. Reformation- a reform movement against the Roman Catholic Church

2. Renaissance- period of “rebirth” following Europe’s Middle Ages

3. Johann Gutenberg- German printer, developed a printing press (the Bible was then available to many more people)

4. Pope- leader of the Catholic Church

5. Martin Luther- German priest who started the Reformation by nailing a list of complaints to a Catholic Church door

6. Protestants- those who protested against the Roman Catholic Church

7. John Calvin- French Christian reformer who taught predestination and encouraged living good lives

8. Catholic Reformation- effort to stop the spread of Protestantism and to reform the Catholic Church from within, a.k.a. the Counter-Reformation

9. Jesuits- religious order created to serve the pope and the church

10. federalism- sharing of power between local governments and a strong central government

 



Renaissance
Due Date: 4/4/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

 

Vocabulary Testing April 4   http://quizlet.com/21030060/renaissance-flash-cards/

 

1. Renaissance- “rebirth”, refers to the period that followed Europe’s Middle Ages

2.Marco Polo- trader from Venice who traveled to China and back

3. Florence- city in Italy that’s considered the birthplace of the Renaissance

4. Duomo- cathedral in Florence, Italy

5. humanism- way of thinking and learning that stresses the importance of individual abilities and achievements

6. Galileo- first person to study the sky with a telescope

7. Machiavelli- writer known for The Prince, giving advice on how rulers should rule

8. William Shakespeare- famous English writer

9. Leonardo da Vinci- multi talented artist, painter of The Mona Lisa

10. Michelangelo- artist who painted the Sistine Chapel and sculpted David and The Pieta



Middle Ages Test
Due Date: 3/21/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Study your study Guide for Friday's test over the Middle Ages.

 

Middle Ages Study Guide Standards 6-5.1, 6-5.2, 6-5.3

 

http://quizlet.com/20796104/test/?matching=on&prompt-def=1&limit=5

 

1. What are monks? Monks were religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities who spent their time helping travelers, doctoring, and copying books like the Bible.

 

2.What are missionaries? Missionaries are people who help spread their religion to new areas.

 

3. Who was Charlemagne? Charlemagne was a famous king whose kingdom covered much of Europe.

 

4. What happened because the Vikings, Magyar, and Muslim invaded Europe? The feudal ages started because people needed protection from the invaders.

 

5. What was the manor system like? The lords and knights lived in the manor house or castle and the serfs and peasants farmed the lords’ land.

 

6. Why were the Crusades fought? The religious groups all wanted Palestine, specifically Jerusalem, as their Holy Land. (The Christians and the Muslims)

 

7. Another reason that the Crusades started was that the Byzantine Emperor asked the pope for help. Why?

The Muslim Turks were threatening the city of Constantinople they needed help stopping the Muslims from invading.

 

8. What was an important result of the Crusades? People learned more about Europe and Asia since trade increased as they marched across. (Remember it took some of them 4 years or more to walk to Palestine!)

 

9. Who controlled the Holy Land after the First Crusade? Christians   After the rest of the Crusades? Muslims

 

10. Who started the first universities in Europe?   The church leaders, monks, and priests

 

11. Why did the nobles want King John to sign the Magna Carta?   He was too powerful and they wanted to limit his power.

 

12. How did people catch the Black Death or Bubonic Plague? They came into contact with infected fleas or rats carrying infected fleas. It was spread mainly by trading.

 

13. How did life change for the serfs and peasants after the plague ended? Because there were not many people left, they were able to ask for more wages for their work and buy the land from the nobles, which ended the feudal system.

 

14. What happened during the Reconquista in Spain? ( remember it means reconquered)   The Christians took back land from the Muslims.

 

15. What did the Japanese Samurai and the European knights have in common?   They had to be loyal to their ruler.

 

 

 

 



Middle Ages 2
Due Date: 3/14/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Please remember that your homework grade requires all three parts to be completed.

That includes your words and meanings, words used in sentences, words used in a paragraph.  You may substitute the paragraph for the online games but you still need to write the words with meanings, and in sentences.

http://quizlet.com/20486581/middle-ages-week-2-magna-carta-and-crusades-flash-cards/

 

1. Magna Carta- document signed in 1215 by King John of England that required the king to honor rights of the people

2. Pope- the leader of the Roman Catholic Church

3. monasteries- communities of monks

4. Crusades- long series of wars between Christians and Muslims in Palestine (SW Asia)

5. Holy Land- European name for Palestine because it was the region where Jesus lived, preached, and died

6. monks- religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities

7. missionaries- people who are sent out to teach their religion

8. Black Death- a deadly plague (disease) that killed many people in Europe between 1347 and 1351, a.k.a. Bubonic Plague

9. heresy- religious ideas that oppose accepted church teachings

10. St. Patrick- missionary who converted the people of Ireland to Christianity



Middle Ages in Europe
Due Date: 3/7/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Middle Ages in Europe also called Medieval Ages or Times

    Please remember that in order to get full homework credit you need:

         1.  To write your words and their meanings

         2.  To write your words in meaningful sentences

         3.  Write a paragraph using all your words or play the online games below and

               get your parent to sign that you did so.

             

 

        (week of 3/3 to 3/7)

http://quizlet.com/20159760/medieval-europe-flash-cards/

 

1. Middle Ages- period that lasted from about 500 to 1500 AD

2. Medieval period- another name for the Middle Ages

3. fief- land granted to a vassal

4. serf- a peasant who could not leave without the lord’s approval

5. guild- a business group organized by crafts-people

6. Charlemagne- powerful king of the Franks (lived 742-814)

7. Vikings- invaders from Scandinavia who raided much of Europe and North Africa

8. knights- warriors who fought on horseback

9. vassal- a knight or noble who promised to support a lord in exchange for land

10. feudalism- system of obligations that governed the relationships between lords and vassals in medieval Europe



Japan
Due Date: 2/28/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Vocabulary (2/24- 2/28)  Quiz and homework due on February 28

http://quizlet.com/19339731/medieval-japan-flash-cards/

 

1. clans- extended family

2. Shinto- traditional religion of Japan

3. lord- a person who has authority over others

4. shrine- a holy place

5. vassal-a noble who held land from and served a higher-ranking lord and in return was given protection

6. feudalism-political system based on bonds between lords and vassals

7. samurai- trained professional warriors

8. guilds- business group formed by craftspeople and merchants

9. daimyo- Japan’s large landowners

10. shogun- general who ruled Japan in the emperor’s name



Africa 2
Due Date: 2/20/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Vocabulary   Africa 2

http://quizlet.com/18957792/ancient-african-empires2-flash-cards/

1. tsetse fly- found in forest region of Africa – deadly to domestic animals

2. Sahel- “shore” in Arabic, land with little rainfall dividing the desert from wetter areas

3. Trans-Saharan trade- used to exchange North African goods like salt and silk for West African goods like gold and ivory

4. Timbuktu- important city for Mali and Songhai kingdoms as a center of Islamic life

5. Gao- capital city of Songhai Empire

6. Mansa Musa- Mali’s most famous ruler, spread Islam

7. Almoravids- North African Muslims who invaded and controlled Ghana’s empire in the 1060s

8. cotton- introduced to West Africa that was used to make clothing

9. griots- storytellers of early West Africa

10. kola nuts- seed from a cola tree that contains caffeine



West Africa 1
Due Date: 2/14/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Vocabulary Africa 1          Vocabulary Quiz 2/14/14  

http://quizlet.com/18659046/ancient-african-civilizations-1-flash-cards/

1. Sub-Saharan Africa- Africa south of the Sahara

 

2. Sahara Desert- largest desert in the world, located in Northern Africa

 

3. Berbers- original inhabitants of North Africa

 

4. rain forests- moist, densely wooded areas

 

5. extended family- parents, children, close relatives often living in one household

 

6. animism- belief that bodies of water, animals, trees, and other natural objects have spirits

 

7. Niger River- provided source of water, food, and transportation for people in West Africa

 

8. Ghana- empire that controlled the African salt and gold trade starting in the 8th century

 

9. Mali- great kingdom that developed in West Africa, rose to power in the 13th century

 

10. Songhai- African kingdom that rivaled Mali, capital at Gao, rose to power in the 15th century



Rome 2
Due Date: 1/26/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Quiz on Thursday January 30,2014   Unit test over Rome Friday January 31, 2014

http://quizlet.com/17986589/ancient-rome-flash-cards/

1.   republic =type of government where people elect leaders to govern them

2.   Constantine =first Roman emperor who helped spread Christianity

3.   Justinian =Byzantine Emperor known for his code of law; wanted to reunite Roman Empire; emphasized Christianity

4.   Spartacus =gladiator that led thousands of slaves in a rebellion against Rome

5.   Julius Caesar =powerful general and dictator of Rome who was assassinated in 44 BC.; made many improvements to Rome

6.   plebeians =common people

7.   patricians =powerful nobles

8.   Hannibal =military general from Carthage who attacked Rome in 218 B.C. and fought using elephants in battle

9.   Forum =Rome's public meeting place and market place

10. Christianity =religion based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth

11. arches =rounded structures that can support more weight than other shapes

12. aqueducts =a raised channel used to carry water from mountains into cities

13. Augustus =first Roman emperor, adopted son of Julius Caesar and formerly known as Octavian

14. Pax Romana =period of peace in the Roman Empire from 27BC to AD 180

15. dictators =rulers with absolute power; usually serves for only a short time

16. Tiber River =river along which Rome was located; provided water and a route to the Mediterranean Sea

17. Romulus and Remus =twin brothers who founded the city of Rome

18. Aenid =famous epic written by Roman poet, Virgil, about a Trojan her named Aeneas- "father of the Romans"

19. Etruscans =group of people who influenced early growth of Rome

20. legions =groups of about 6000 soldiers

21. legionaries =Roman soldiers

22. veto =reject; Latin for "I forbid"

23. consuls =top two government officials

24. Cincinnatus =best known early Roman dictator

25. Twelve Tables =first set of written laws to govern early Rome

26. Carthage =North Africa city and enemy of Rome

27. Punic Wars =battle between Rome and Carthage

28. triumvirate =political alliance of three people

29. Octavian =Julius Caesar's grandnephew; became Rome's leader and changed his name to Augustus

30. Ptolemy =scientist of Roman Empire who studied stars and planets; mapped over 1000 stars

31. Spartacus =gladiator who led slave revolt against Rome

32. Justinian Code =new simplified code of law established by Justinian; influenced many laws in Europe throughout the years



Assignment Image

Rome
Due Date: 1/24/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Ancient Rome!!!

 

http://quizlet.com/17986589/ancient-rome-flash-cards/

 

 test Jan. 24, 2014

1. republic- type of government where people elect leaders to govern them

2. dictators- rulers with absolute power

3. plebeians- common people

4. patricians- powerful nobles

5. Julius Caesar- powerful general and dictator of Rome who was assassinated in 44 BC

6. Augustus- first Roman emperor, adopted son of Julius Caesar and formerly known as Octavian

7. Pax Romana- period of peace in the Roman Empire from 27 BC to AD 180

8. aqueducts- a raised channel used to carry water from mountains into cities

9. arches- rounded structures that can support more weight than other shapes

10. Christianity- religion based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth

11. Forum- Rome’s public meeting place

12. Hannibal- military general from Carthage who attacked Rome in 218 B.C.

13. Spartacus- gladiator that led thousands of slaves in a rebellion against Rome

14. Justinian- Byzantine Emperor known for his code of law, emphasized Christianity

15. Constantinople- capital of the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire



Islam vocabulary
Due Date: 1/10/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Islam Vocabulary test 1/10

http://quizlet.com/33249562/islam-vocabulary-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/EditData2.jsp?saved&studyStackId=1444850

1. oasis- wet, fertile area in a desert

2. caravan- group of traders that travel together

3. Islam- religion based on messages Muhammad is believed to have received from God

4. Muslim- follower of Islam

5. Koran (Qur’an)- the holy book of Islam

6. pilgrimage- journey to a sacred place, such as Mecca in Islam

7. mosque- building for Muslim prayer

8. prophet- a person who speaks for God or a deity by divine influence

9. Allah- Muslim name for God

10. Five Pillars of Islam- five acts of worship required of all Muslims



STUDY GUIDE VOCABULARY FOR MIDYEAR EXAM AND BENCHMARK January 9, 2015
Due Date: 1/9/2014
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Georgetown Middle School will give MidYear Exams for Social Studies on January 9, 2015.

(MidYear Exams for ELA and Math will be 1/8/15 and Science will be 1/9/15 too.)

These are all words that we have already studied and tested.  Your homework is to review these words over and over again until you know them.  I have made a quizlet for you to play.   You should spend a lot of time on this so that you know these words easily.

You may also make yourself flashcards with the meaning on one side and the word on the other or a bingo game or any other way you'd like to review.  Play it with your parent, or sibling, or friend, or just by yourself.   You do not have to turn these in.  

Even though I will not be collecting any homework on these words, I will know if you studied by your MidYear Exam grade.  Please be careful and spend time relearning these.  The MidYear exam will count as 10% of your year's total grade and will appear on your report card.  These words will also be used on each District Benchmark that will be given in January as well.  

It's time to get serious about your grades and study!  We are almost halfway through the year!  You CAN do it!

Let's show everyone what you know!

 

STUDY GUIDE VOCABULARY FOR MIDYEAR EXAM AND BENCHMARK   January 9, 2015

http://quizlet.com/63065032/midyear-exam-and-benchmark-vocabulary-words-flash-cards/

Early Man

1.      history - the study of the past

2.      culture - the knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values of a group of people

3.      geography - the study of the earth’s physical and cultural features

4.      environment - all the living and nonliving things in an area (climate, land, water, animals)

5.      domesticate- to tame plants or animals for human use

6.      specialization- a practice in which different people focus on different jobs

7.      Paleolithic  and Neolithic –old and new Stone Age

8.      Hunter-gatherers- early people who survived by hunting and gathering their food

9.      Surplus -  when there is more food than needed

Egypt

10.  Egypt- one of the first river valley civilizations along the Nile River in northeast Africa

11.  cataracts- strong rapids

12.  pharaoh- title used by the rulers of Egypt

13.  dynasty- series of rulers from the same family

14.  mummies- specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth

15.  hieroglyphics- the Egyptian writing system

Mesopotamia

16.  Mesopotamia -region in SW Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, one of the oldest civilizations

17.  Hammurabi’s Code- a set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life

18.  Polytheism -the worship of many gods

19.  Monotheism- the worship of one God

20.  Social hierarchy- the division of society by rank or class

21.  Cuneiform- the world’s first system of writing (Sumerian invention).

India

22.  Indus River  - river where the Harappa Civilization developed in present day India and Pakistan

23.  Sanskrit- the most important language of ancient India

24.  Caste system- social group that people are born into and cannot change

25.  Hinduism- largest religion in India, largest polytheistic religion in the world

26.  reincarnation- process of rebirth

China

27.  Huang He (Yellow River)- flows from west to east almost 3,000 miles across northern China

28.  Confucianism- ideas of the most influential teacher in Chinese history, focused on good morals and relationships

29.  Taoism (Daoism)- Chinese philosophy that stressed living in harmony and balance

30.  Legalism- belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled

31.  Great Wall- barrier across China’s northern frontier built by farmers

Greece

32.  peninsula- a portion of land almost surrounded by water (on three sides)

33.  Mediterranean Sea- important body of water between Europe, Asia, and Africa

34.  Minoans- trading civilization that developed on the island of Crete

35.  Mycenaeans- earliest Greek speaking civilization, developed on the Greek mainland and islands

36.  Athens- most important city-state in ancient Greece, capital of Greece today

37.  direct democracy- form of government where all citizens participate

38.  representative democracy- form of government where citizens elect officials to make decisions

39.  polis- Greek city-state that was like a tiny independent country

40.  mythology- body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works

41.  Homer- early Greek poet who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey Aesop- writer famous for his fables

42.  fables- short stories that teach lessons about life or give advice on how to live

43.  Hellenistic period- time period when language and culture of Greece spread into conquered regions Alexander the Great- conqueror who spread Greek culture and language to regions he conquered

44.  Socrates- a philosopher with ideas about government and taught the Socratic method of questioning

45.  Plato- philosopher who wrote the Republic which describes his ideal government

46.  Aristotle- wrote books on philosophy of governments and divided them into 3 groups

47.  Archimedes- established the science of physics

48.  Pythagoras- established principles of geometry

ROME

49.  republic- type of government where people elect leaders to govern them

50.  Julius Caesar- powerful general and dictator of Rome who was assassinated in 44 BC

51.   Pax Romana- period of peace in the Roman Empire from 27 BC to AD 180 adopted

52.   Christianity- religion based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth

53.   Hannibal- military general from Carthage who attacked Rome in 218 B.C.

54.  Spartacus-  gladiator that led thousands of slaves in a rebellion against Rome

55.  Justinian- Byzantine Emperor known for his code of law, emphasized Christianity

http://quizlet.com/63065032/midyear-exam-and-benchmark-vocabulary-words-flash-cards/



Greece week 2
Due Date: 12/13/2013
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Please write your words and meanings on loose leaf paper to hand in on Friday.  You may still write your sentences and paragraph into an email, but NOT your words and meanings. 

 

http://quizlet.com/32250670/greece-2-flash-cards/

 

Vocabulary (Week of 12-9-13)

1. polis- a city-state; small, independent country

2. agora- open area used for markets and gathering

3. tyrant-someone who takes power by force; rules alone

4. oligarchy- government where a few people have ruling power

5. democracy- citizen hare in government; rule by the people

6. helots- people captured and forced to work

7. philosophers- thinkers who do a lot of “thinking” and try to figure out answers to life’s questions

8. Athens- Greek city-state where democracy started

9. Sparta- one of the most powerful Greek city-states

10. satrap- official title meaning

“ protector of the kingdom”



Ancient Greece vocab
Due Date: 12/6/2013
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Ancient Greece week 1 Due 12-6

http://quizlet.com/17114778/ancient-greece-flash-cards/

1. acropolis- a high hill that many Greek cities were built around

2. direct democracy- form of government where all citizens participate

3. representative democracy- form of government where citizens elect officials to make decisions

4. mythology- body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works

5. Athena- goddess of wisdom in Ancient Greece, city of Athens is named after her

6. Hercules- one of the most famous heroes, fought monsters and performed difficult tasks

7. Homer- early Greek poet who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey

8. Aesop- writer famous for his fables

9. fables- short stories that teach lessons about life or give advice on how to live

10. Achilles- great warrior who was killed when an arrow struck his heel



Chinese Inventions
Due Date: 11/18/2013
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Chinese Inventions Vocabulary Due 11/22  Quiz and homework

http://quizlet.com/16083973/chinese-inventions-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1399406

1. seismograph- device that measures strength of an earthquake

2. sundial- uses position of shadows cast by the sun to tell time of day

3. acupuncture- practice of inserting fine needles through skin at specific points to cure disease or relieve pain

4. silk- a soft, light, highly valued fabric

5. Silk Road- 4,000 mile long network of routes stretching from China to the Mediterranean Sea

6. diffusion- spread of ideas from one culture to another, such as Buddhism coming to China from India

7. porcelain - material made from fine clay and baked at high temperatures

8.calligraphy- the art of fine handwriting

9. rudder- steering part under a boat

10. waterwheel- a wheel with buckets attached used to bring up water



Assignment Image

Ancient China
Due Date: 11/10/2013
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Ancient China

Vocabulary due 11/15

http://quizlet.com/15222280/ancient-china-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/EditStackOptions2.jsp?studyStackId=1399391

1. Huang He (Yellow River)- flows from west to east almost 3,000 miles across northern China

2. oracle- prediction

3. lords- people of high rank

4. peasants- farmers, people of low rank

5. ethics- moral values

6. Confucianism- ideas of the most influential teacher in Chinese history, focused on good morals and relationships

7. Taoism (Daoism)- Chinese philosophy that stressed living in harmony and balance

8. Laozi- most famous Taoist teacher

9. Legalism- belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled

10. Great Wall- barrier across China’s northern frontier



India's Golden Age
Due Date: 11/4/2013
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Vocabulary Nov. 4-8

http://quizlet.com/16355726/indias-gupta-dynasty-flash-cards/

http://www.studystack.com/EditData2.jsp?saved&studyStackId=1392941

 

1. dynasty – a series of rulers from the same family

2. stupa- a Buddhist shrine shaped like a dome or mound

3. pilgrim- a person traveling to a religious shrine or place

4. Vedas of India- ancient songs and prayers used in religious ceremonies

5. Sanskrit- the most important language of ancient India

6. caste system- social group that people are born into and cannot change

7. Hinduism- largest religion in India, largest polytheistic religion in the world

8. Mahabharata- the longest poem in the world

9. epic poems- long poems that have a hero who performs important deeds

10. algorithm- a series of steps that you follow to solve a problem



Ancient India
Due Date: 11/1/2013
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Ancient India due Nov.1

http://quizlet.com/_8tcsm

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1381114

1. subcontinent- large landmass that is part of a continent but separate because of physical features like mountains

2. monsoons- seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons

3. Indus- river where the Harappan Civilization developed in present day India and Pakistan

4. Aryans- group of invaders from Central Asia who settled in India

5. Sanskrit- the most important language of ancient India

6. caste system- social group that people are born into and cannot change

7. Hinduism- largest religion in India, largest polytheistic religion in the world

8. reincarnation- process of rebirth

9. karma- the effects that good or bad actions have on a person’s soul- the consequences of how one lives

10. Himalaya- the highest mountains in the world-barrier between India and the rest of Asia

 

Remember you have a choice to do 3 of the following!

1.  Write the words and meanings

2.  Write the words in meaningful sentences

3.  Write the words in a meaninful paragraph

4.  Play the games and have a parent sign your written work. (do not print the games)



Egypt Vocab. #2
Due Date: 10/18/2013
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Vocab. Egypt #2 Test 10/18/13
http://quizlet.com/_8orwt

http://www.studystack.com/fillin-1349096

 

1. hieroglyphics- the Egyptian writing system

2. papyrus- a long lasting, paper- like material made from reeds

3. Rosetta Stone- a slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Greek, and a later form of Egyptian

4. sphinxes- imaginary creatures with bodies of lions and heads of other animals or humans

5. obelisk- a tall, four-sided pillar that is pointed on top

6. King Tutankhamen- Egyptian pharaoh who was buried with many treasures

7. Ramses the Great- pharaoh who ruled in the 1200s BC and fought the Hittites from Asia Minor

8. trade network- system of people in different lands who trade goods

9. export- items sent out to other regions

10. import- goods brought in from other regions

 

Please do the following three items for Friday's homework.

1.  Write each word and its meaning on loose leaf paper.

2.  Write each word in a meaningful sentence.

3.  Either write each word into a meaningful paragraph, or play the quizlet or studystack games for this list. 

 

 

 



Mesopotamia
Due Date: 9/20/2013
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Vocabulary due Sept. 27

http://quizlet.com/25805001  

1. surplus – when there is more food than needed

2. division of labor- when each worker specializes in a particular job

3. Mesopotamia- region in SW Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers; one of the world’s oldest civilizations

4. Hammurabi’s Code- a set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life

5. Fertile Crescent- a large area of rich, or fertile, farmland

6. silt- a mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks

7. polytheism- the worship of many gods

8. social hierarchy- the division of society by rank or class

9. cuneiform- the world’s first system of writing (Sumerian invention)

10. ziggurat- a pyramid-shaped temple tower

 

11.  civilization- complex societies

12.  irrigation- man-made way of watering crops

13.  scribe- a person who is a record keeper

14.  city-state- a city and its surrounding lands

15.  artisan- a skilled worker



Vocabulary words for Sept 3-6
Due Date: 9/3/2013
Subject: 6th Grade Social Studies

Please do the following three items for Friday's homework.

1.  Write each word and its meaning on loose leaf paper.

2.  Write each word in a meaningful sentence.

3.  Either write each word into a meaningful paragraph, or play the quizlet or studystack games for this list.  

 

http://quizlet.com/25315922

http://www.studystack.com/flashcards-1303161

1.     prehistory- the time before there was writing

2.     ancestor- a relative who lived in the past

3.     tool- any handheld object that has been modified to help a person accomplish a task

4.     society- a community of people who share a common culture

5.     hunter-gatherer- people who hunt animals and gather wild plants, seeds, fruits, and nuts to survive

6.     migrate- to move to a new place

7.     land bridge- a strip of land connecting two continents

8.     ice ages- long periods of freezing weather

9.     domestication- the process of changing plants or animals to make them more useful to humans

10.                        agriculture- farming, producing one’s own food